Kulinic languages

The Kulinic languages form a branch of the Pama–Nyungan family in Victoria (Australia). They are:

Victoria (Australia)
Linguistic classificationPama–Nyungan
  • Southeastern
    • Victorian
      • Kulin–Bunganditj
        • Kulinic
Kulinic languages.png
Kulinic languages (green) among other Pama–Nyungan (tan). Along the coast, the three groups are (west to east) Drual, Kolakngat, Kulin.

Warrnambool is Kulinic[2] and may be Drual, but is too poorly attested to be certain.[3] Gadubanud was a dialect of either Warrnambool or Kolakngat.[4] Several poorly attested interior Kulinic languages, such as Wemba-Wemba, are listed in the Kulin article.

The three branches of Kulinic are not close; Dixon treats them as three separate families.


  • Dixon, R. M. W. 2002. Australian Languages: Their Nature and Development. Cambridge University Press


  1. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Kulin–Bunganditj". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  2. ^ Bowern, Claire. 2011. "How Many Languages Were Spoken in Australia?", Anggarrgoon: Australian languages on the web, December 23, 2011 (corrected February 6, 2012)
  3. ^ Barry Blake (2003) The Bunganditj (Buwandik) language of the Mount Gambier Region, p 17 ff.
  4. ^ S71 Gadubanud at the Australian Indigenous Languages Database, Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies