Kulich (Russian: кули́ч, IPA: [kʊˈlʲitɕ], Belarusian: куліч, from Greek κόλλιξ - kollix, Georgian პასკა - Paska, ultimately meaning a roll or loaf of bread) is a Russian and Orthodox Easter bread that has its roots in Old Russia[disambiguation needed]. The Paska bread tradition spread in cultures which were connected to the Byzantine Empire and its a traditional cultural part of countries with a Orthodox Christian population. It is eaten in countries like Russia, Belarus, Ukraine, Romania, Georgia, Moldova, North Macedonia and Serbia. Kulich is a variant of paska Easter breads and represents not only Easter but also the Russian spring.￼￼
Easter is a very important celebration in Russia, even more important than Christmas.
Traditionally after the Easter service, the kulich, which has been put into a basket and decorated with colorful flowers, is blessed by the priest. Blessed kulich is eaten before breakfast each day. Any leftover kulich that is not blessed is eaten with Paskha for dessert.
Kulich is baked in tall, cylindrical tins (like coffee or fruit juice tins). When cooled, kulich is decorated with white icing (which slightly drizzles down the sides) and colorful flowers. Historically, it was often served with cheese paska bearing the symbol XB (from the traditional Easter greeting of Христос воскресе, "Christ is Risen").
The recipe for kulich is similar to that of Italian panettone.
- Vasmer's Etymological Dictionary, s.v. "кулич"
- κόλλιξ, Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon, on Perseus
- "Kulich – Russiapedia Of Russian origin". russiapedia.rt.com. Retrieved 2018-09-24.
- "Why No Russian Easter Is Complete Without Kulich". Kitchn. Retrieved 2018-09-24.
- Kharzeeva, Anna; RBTH, special to (2015-04-10). "Kulich: A cake that means spring, not just Easter". www.rbth.com. Retrieved 2019-03-08.
- "What to Know if You're Visiting Russia on Easter". TripSavvy. Retrieved 2019-03-08.
- Dee, Aliza. "Kulich – Russia's Classic Easter Cake", The Moscow Times, Moscow, 10 April 2015. Retrieved on 29 February, 2016.