Kuldeep Manak, also spelled as Kuldip Manak (born Latif Mohammed Khan; 15 November 1951 – 30 November 2011), was an Indian singer best known for singing a rare genre of Punjabi music, kali,[3][4][5] also known by its plural form kalian or kaliyan.[1][6] Manak is generally regarded as one of the greatest Punjabi artists of all time.[7] His high pitched strong voice was unique, and instantly recognisable. A statue of Manak has been erected in Ludhiana near his residence as a tribute.

Kuldeep Manak
Background information
Also known asManak Singh
Born(1951-11-15)15 November 1951[1][2]
Jalal, Bathinda, Punjab, India
Died30 November 2011(2011-11-30) (aged 60)[1]
Ludhiana, Punjab, India
GenresFolk, kali
Occupation(s)Singer, actor, musician, composer
Years active1968–2011
LabelsHMV, T-Series

Early life edit

Manak was born as Latif Mohammed on 15 November 1951 to Nikka Khan in Mirasi family, in the village of Jalal[1] in Bathinda district of Indian Punjab. Sardar Partap Singh Kairon (then Chief Minister of Punjab) penned the name Kuldip Manak, after being amazed by the quality of his voice at a school prize giving. He completed his education from Jalal Government High School, where he was a keen hockey player. He had an inclination towards singing from an extremely young age. He was constantly persuaded by his ustad to graft in his raags and perform on stage. In his early career he became the baadshah of kaliyan. He had lyrics written by famous writers such as Debi Maksoospuri, Dev Tharikewala and Jandu Litranwala. His most known tracks were Gadeya Millade Sohne Yaar, Tere Tille ton and Dulleya Ve Tokra. Manak learnt the hazuri raagi methods of gaiki.[clarification needed]

Family edit

Manak's father, Nikka Khan, was a singer himself. Manak had two brothers: Siddqui, a devotional singer, and Rafiq, who was also briefly noted. Kuldeep Manak's ancestors were the Hazoori Raagis (designated cantors) of Kirtan for Maharaja Hira Singh of Nabha.

He was married to Sarabjeet Kaur with whom he had two children, a boy named Yudhvir Manak and a girl named Shakti Manak.[3] Yudhvir is following in his father's footsteps as a singer.[3][8]

Career edit

Manak learned music under Ustad Khushi Muhammad Qawwal in village Bhuttiwala at Muktsar.[5][9] He left Bathinda and went to Ludhiana to pursue his career as a singer and started singing with the duo Harcharan Grewal and Seema.[1]

When they came to Delhi, a music company official spotted Manak and asked him to record the song "jija akhian na maar ve main kall di kurhi" (written by Babu Singh Maan Mararawala) with Seema. In 1968, at the age of 17,[6] he was given the chance to record the song with Seema. His first record features this song along with "laung karaa mittra, machhli paunge maape" (written by Gurdev Singh Maan).[1] This record was a runaway success. He did sing duets with Satinder Kaur biba, younger sister of famous Punjabi singer Narinder biba; one of the duets was "Nale baba lasee pee gia nale de gia duanee khotee".

Later, he started an office at Bathinda along with writer Dilip Singh Sidhu of Kanakwal, but did not stay there for long and returned to Ludhiana. The first folk song sung by Manak was "maa Mirze di boldi", followed by "ohne maut nu waajan maarian".

The writer and lyricist, Hardev Dilgir (also known as Dev Tharikewala) spotted Manak at one of his live performances and penned many Lok Gathavan (English: old folk stories) for him. Dev Tharikewala and Manak were very close to each other.

His first EP, Punjab Dian Lok Gathawan,[10] was released by HMV in 1973 which included the songs "Jaimal Phatta", "Heer Di Kali" (Teri Khatar Heere) (kali), "Raja Rasalu" and "Dulla Bhatti" (Dulleya ve tokra chukayeen aanke). All were written by Hardev Dilgir and the music was composed by Ram Saran Das.

This was followed by another Lok Gathawan album in 1974 which included "Gorakh da Tilla" and "Allah Bismillah teri Jugni". In 1976 his first LP, Ik Tara, was released, which included the kali "Tere Tille Ton",[2][9] "Chheti Kar Sarwan Bachcha" and "Garh Mughlane Dian Naaran" and more.

Other albums included:

  • Mitran di jacket de (1973)
  • Heer di doli (1977)
  • Sahiban Bani Bharaawan Di (1978)
  • Sahiban Da Tarla (1979)
  • Maa Hundhi Ae Maa (1980)
  • Akhan ch Najaiz Vikdi (1980)
  • Ichhran Dhaahan Maardi (1981)
  • Mehroo Posti (1982)
  • Sarwan Bhagat (1983)
  • Jugni Yaaran Di (1983)
  • Mundri vagah ke maari (1984)
  • Bhul Jaan Waaliye (1984)
  • Nachna pia (1985)
  • Ja ni tera kakh na rahe
  • Ranjha heer di bukal
  • Heer maardi leraan
  • Dilla De Sodya
  • Baba lassi peegeya
  • Kadna rumaalde geya ve
  • Sanu nachke vikha
  • Singh Soorme (1978) including Banda Singh Bahadur
  • Ghare chal kadun rarkan
  • Dil milyan de mele
  • Karo na yaar maar mitro
  • Dil nahion lagda
  • "Ghadney Jhande Khalsa Raaj" (1991)
  • Gidhe wich too nachdi
  • Yaar ve teri yaari
  • Loko vaddeya gandasseyan de naal
  • Laila Laila mukh ton Majnu
  • Hakaan maardi
  • The One
  • Bhull ke jhuthe yaaran nu
  • Ranjha jogi hoya
  • Do Gabhru Punjab De

Manak's voice was versatile as within one album he sang in many different pitches and tones to reflect a song's meaning. For example, on the album Sahiban da Tarla the songs "Sahiban da Tarla", "Yaari Yaaran di" and "Teri aan ma Teri Ranjha" are all sung with different pitches.

Film edit

He also acted and sang in many Punjabi films such as Saidan Jogan (1979) with the song "sathon naee majhin chaar hundian", and Lambardaarni (1980) with "yaaran da truck balliye". In Balbiro Bhabi (1981) he was actor, singer and composer. He sang "ajj dhee ik raje di", in the 1983 film Sassi Punnu.[11]

Politics edit

Manak took part in the parliament elections of 1996 as an independent member from Bathinda,[12] but did not win.

Illness and death edit

Manak was admitted to emergency care in July 2011 due to lower gastrointestinal bleeding. While he was discharged from emergency care when his condition stabilized, his son was still admitted in DMC ludhiana undergoing treatment for a mental illness due to which Manak suffered a tremendous amount of stress.[13]

Manak was later admitted to DMC Ludhiana due pneumonia on 28 November 2011 and he died on 30 November due to complications.[13][14]

He was buried in his native village, Jalal at Bathinda (Punjab)on 2 December 2011.[15]

In popular culture edit

On 25 December 2012, a tribute single was released by Aman Hayer under Moviebox Records with the title "The Folk King" (subtitled "Ustaad Kuldeep Manak Ji Tribute"), featuring a number of artists interpreting his songs. The track was first played and performed at the Britasia Music Awards 2012 by Angrej Ali who started the song with "Vaar Banda Bahadur", with which Ustaad Kuldeep Manak Ji used to start his shows. The final song sung in this tribute was "Tere Tille Ton" by Jazzy B, a close student of Ustaad Kuldeep Manak Ji.

Manak's songs were featured in the movie Punjab 1984 starring Diljit Dosanjh and Pavan Malhotra as a tribute to him. The main character, Shivjeet, is an avid fan of Manak and his songs are played at suspenseful moments of the film.

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ a b c d e f Singh, Jasmine (1 December 2012). "A VOICE that was..." Chandigarh. The Tribune. Retrieved 4 May 2012.
  2. ^ a b "KULDEEP MANAK". Sa Re Ga Ma. Retrieved 4 May 2012.
  3. ^ a b c "Mela marked by melee". Bathinda. The Tribune. 27 February 2012. Retrieved 4 May 2012.
  4. ^ "Artistes mourn Kuldeep Manak's demise". Ludhiana. The Tribune. 1 December 2012. Retrieved 4 May 2012.
  5. ^ a b Pande, Alka (1999). Folk music & musical instruments of Punjab. Mapin. pp. 27. ISBN 1-890206-15-6.
  6. ^ a b "RIP: Kaliyan da Badshah". Amritsar. The Tribune. 2 December 2012. Retrieved 4 May 2012.
  7. ^ "Kuldeep Manak the Legendary Punjabi Singer". 19 December 2010.
  8. ^ "Watching Indo-Pak encounter, singer slips into coma". Ludhiana. The Tribune. 1 April 2011. Retrieved 4 May 2012.
  9. ^ a b Rajpura, Ali (2008). Eh Hai Kuldeep Manak. Ludhiana: Unistar Books Pvt. Ltd. ISBN 978-81-7142-528-0.
  10. ^ "Kuldip Manak – Punjab Diyan Lok Gathawan". www.discogs.com. Retrieved 23 July 2012.
  11. ^ "Sassi Punnu ECLP 8929 LP Vinyl". Buy LP record. www.ngh.co.in ngh.co.in. Retrieved 16 May 2012.[permanent dead link]
  12. ^ "A song on their lips, a prayer in their hearts". Chandigarh. The Tribune. 11 January 2012. Retrieved 4 May 2012.
  13. ^ a b SSNews. "Punjabi Legend Kuldeep Manak passes away | Sikh Sangat News". Retrieved 4 March 2022.
  14. ^ Venkat, Vaivasvat (1 December 2011). "Punjabi folk singer Manak passes way". The Times of India. Retrieved 4 March 2022.
  15. ^ Goel Sharma, Swati (1 December 2011). "Folk Legend Kuldeep manak Dies At 60". Hindustan Times. Retrieved 4 March 2022 – via PressReader.

External links edit