Open main menu

The Kromfohrländer (/ˈkrmfərlændər/ KROHM-fər-land-ər) is a breed of dog that originated in Germany. It is used as a companion dog.

Kromfohrländer
Kromfohrlander standing in snow, North Carolina, USA..png
Kromfohrlander in America
Common nicknames Länder
Kromi
Origin Germany
Classification / standards
FCI Group 9, Section 10 Kromfohrländer #192 standard
AKC FSS
The AKC Foundation Stock Service (FSS) is an optional recording service for purebred dogs that are not yet eligible for AKC registration.
UKC Companion standard
Domestic dog (Canis lupus familiaris)

Contents

AppearanceEdit

 
Kromfohrländer, smooth haired.
 
Kromfohrländer, wirehaired

The Kromfohrlander comes in 2 coat variations: rough hair (Rauhaar) and smooth hair (Glatthaar). The distinction is the presence of a beard on the rough variety and a rather long coat on the furnishings of the smooth variety. Therefore, the rough resembles a terrier, while the smooth looks rather like a spaniel. The color is brown/tan/buff markings on a white background with a blaze on the face 'as symmetrical as possible.'

SizeEdit

This dog is medium in size Height: 38 to 46 centimetres (15 to 18 in) at the withers. Weight: 10 to 14 kilograms (22 to 31 lb).

TemperamentEdit

The Kromfohrlander is a very lively, sensitive, athletic, good-natured, intelligent breed with a comparatively weak hunting instinct. They love to play and run and can adapt to many situations fairly well with proper socializing. Kromfohrlanders are very much "people dogs" and they rarely stray very far from their owner. They take to strangers and children rather hesitantly at first, but once they get familiar, they are friends for life.

HealthEdit

Epilepsy, cystinuria (buildup of amino acids in the urine), hyperkeratosis ('corny feet' known in some terrier breeds) and patellar luxation (knee dislocation). Breeding dogs are tested for hyperkeratosis through an inexpensive DNA test. Large panel DNA tests are also being used by some breeders. It is a breed with very limited genetics and is very difficult to acquire. Currently, a genetics expansion project, supervised and sanctioned by FCI, is being conducted in Finland and Germany.

HistoryEdit

The Kromfohrlander originated in Germany in the 1940s. It is the only dog breed descended from a military mascot dog. 'Original Peter' was found in France by American soldiers during World War 2. Peter came to Germany with his troop and was lost. He was discovered by Ilsa Schleifenbaum, who developed the breed using various dogs (most likely terrier and griffon type breeds) for 10 years.
The Kromfohrlander was first recognized by FCI for showing in 1955.
The Kromfohrlander came to Scandinavia starting in the early 1970s, assisted by Ilsa Schleifenbaum.
The first smooth Kromfohrlander, a male named Button von der Britzer Muele, came to North America (United States of America/USA) from Germany in 1997 when he was 2 years old. He sired the first smooth Kromfohrlander litter born in the USA in 2000. He sired a second smooth Kromfohrlander litter in 2004. Each litter produced 2 puppies, all of which were kept by the breeders and none of whom reproduced.
The first rough Kromfohrlander came to North America (USA) from Luxembourg in 1993. He was never bred.
No other Kromfohrlanders brought to North America between 2004-2016 were ever bred.
No Kromfohrlander of either coat type has ever otherwise been bred to any other dog of any breed in North America.
The Kromfohrlander was admitted to American Kennel Club (AKC) Foundation Stock Service (FSS) in 2012.
The rough Kromfohrlander was first exhibited in the USA in 2013 at a United Kennel Club dog show in Ann Arbor, Michigan.
The rough Kromfohrlander was first exhibited at an American Kennel Club Open Show in 2014 in Orlando, Florida.
The first breeding of rough Kromfohrlanders in North America was in the USA in 2016. There were 9 puppies. None have been yet been bred (2018).
The first rough Kromfohrlander was exhibited in Mexico in 2017 (a male named Krumme Furche Hummer, a Finnish import from the USA).
The Kromfohrlander remains an exceptionally rare breed, even in its country of origin.
There are/have been currently 54 AKC FSS recorded Kromfohrlanders and 7 undocumented Kromfohrlanders in North America (2018).[1]

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit