Krit Ratanarak

Krit Ratanarak (Chinese: 李智正; pinyin: Lǐ Zhìzhèng; Thai: กฤตย์ รัตนรักษ์; RTGSKrit Rattanarak; born 19 April 1946) is a Thai-Chinese billionaire businessman, and the chairman of Bangkok Broadcasting & Television Company (operator of Channel 7) and head of one of Thailand's leading family business groups. The Ratanarak family have substantial holdings in a number of Thai-based companies including Bank of Ayudhya (branded and commonly referred to as Krungsri Bank) (SET:BAY), Siam City Cement (SET:SCCC), Allianz Ayudhya Capital (SET:AYUD), Matching Maximize Solution (SET:MATCH), Media Studio, Grand Canal Land (SET:GLAND) and Eastern Star Real Estate (SET:ESTAR) as well as holding a majority stake in Bangkok Broadcasting & Television.[1]

Krit Ratanarak
Born (1946-04-19) 19 April 1946 (age 75)
Bangkok, Thailand
NationalityThai
OccupationBusinessman
TitleChairman, Bangkok Broadcasting & Television Company
Spouse(s)Srisakul Promphan (div.)
Chaisakhran Hiranyaphruek (div.)
ChildrenChachchon Ratanarak
Parent(s)Chuan Ratanarak
Sasithorn Ratanarak

FamilyEdit

Krit Ratanarak was born in 1946, the eldest of six children with five sisters, four of whom now live outside Thailand.[2] Krit is divorced with one son, Chachchon, born in 1972.[1]

The Ratanarak or Li(in Chinese) family are known to be very private. Forbes call them "a very secretive clan"[3] and Krit’s son Chachchon has been described as being "influential while staying below the radar".[4] The Ratanaraks are one of the few remaining ‘old money’ families in Thailand.[5] Krit is the son of Chuan Ratanarak, who founded Bank of Ayudhya (known today as Krungsri Bank), Siam City Cement (producer of the Insee Cement brand) and Bangkok Broadcasting & Television [6] and was one of Thailand’s last great self-made business Titans.[7] It is said that Krit inherits the work ethos of his father and prefers to work in privacy, rarely appearing in public and press.[8]

CareerEdit

Krit is one of the most successful businessmen in Thailand.[3] He joined Bank of Ayudhya in 1972, becoming President in 1982 and CEO in 1990. In 1981, Krit became Thailand’s youngest senator at the age of 35, serving for four terms.[9] In 1993, he became Chairman and CEO of the bank, Chairman of BBTV, Chairman of Siam City Cement and Chairman of Ayudhya Insurance.[10]

In the late 1990s, Krit navigated Bank of Ayudhya and the other family businesses through the worst of the Asian financial crisis keep in the group intact, the Ratanaraks were one of only 8 business groups that remained in Thailand’s top 40 from 1979 to 2009.[11][5] The Ratanarak Group emerged from the crisis with Krit at the head of one of the top five business families in Thailand,[12] and one of three of Thailand’s most powerful banking families along with the Sophonpanich and Lamsam families.[13] In the years after the crisis Krit strengthened the major family businesses by introducing outside capital and international management expertise.[10]

Post-Financial Crisis Business ReorganisationEdit

Krit recapitalised Siam City Cement in 1998 by selling part of the family’s equity to Holderbank (later to become Holcim). Contemporary newspaper reports wrongly suggested that the proceeds from the sale of equity to Holderbank was used by the family to recapitalize Bank of Ayudhya. However, as part of the terms of the sale, the full proceeds received by the family from Holderbank – as well as additional funds from the Ratanarak Group – were reinvested in Siam City Cement via a rights issue to recapitalize the business and the capital injected by the family into the bank came instead from contingency reserves.[14] Holderbank became strategic partner, and in 1999, after completing debt restructuring and refinancing, Siam City Cement increased its capital to 3 billion Baht, and the proceeds were used to upgrade its production facilities and operations.[15] In 2013, the Ratanarak family controlled 47% of the equity in Siam City Cement which had a market value of US $3.2 billion and no significant debt with Holcim holding 27.5% of the shares.[16] In 1998, prior to the deal with Holderbank, the family had controlled slightly more than 50% of the company.[17]

While other banks closed or were nationalized, Krit completed a recapitalization of Bank of Ayudhya,[12] and continued to improve its performance in the post-crisis aftermath. In 1996 before the crisis, the bank had market capitalisation of US $4 billion and this had risen to US $7 billion in 2014.[18] The family shareholding in the bank was reduced in 2007 from 35%[19] to 25%[16] to comply with a reduction in the maximum permitted holding under new banking regulations which came into force in 2008. The reduction in ownership was not achieved by a sale of family’s holdings; rather, it was executed as a strategic investment by GE Capital that increased the bank's registered share capital and strengthened its consumer lending business with world-class standards. The family previously brought in GE Capital in 2007 to enhance banking operations and install best practice.[20] Following a change in GE's strategy to reduce their exposure to financial services in 2013,[21]GE Capital sold their holdings to Japan’s Mitsubishi UFJ Financial Group (MUFJ) following losses incurred in the 2008 banking crisis,[22] and a change in strategy by GE to reduce their exposure to financial services. In 2014, the Ratanarak family controlled 25% of the bank’s equity with the remaining equity held by MUFJ.[16] Krit's penchant for employing world-class strategic partners is also reflected in the partnership with Germany's Allianz Group in insurance business.[23]

2010sEdit

According to press reports in March 2012, Krit is working to transform the Rama III area of Bangkok into a major commercial centre.[24]

According to Forbes, the Ratanarak family’s holdings in the group businesses in January 2015 were estimated to be worth US$5.4 billion, based on publicly known assets and excludes private assets and property.[1] In 2012, the Thai publication ‘Which Family is Richest’ reported the Ratanarak family as having holdings in excess of US$10 billion since 1998 when other assets are included.[25]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d "Forbes profile: Krit Ratanarak". Forbes. Retrieved 13 May 2019.
  2. ^ "Global Finance 600: The world's most powerful financial players". BNET Find Articles. 1998. Archived from the original on 26 October 2010. Retrieved 9 November 2009.
  3. ^ a b "The Billionaires". Forbes Magazine. 18 July 1994. p. 162.
  4. ^ "Business Report Thailand". January 2012. pp. 43–45.
  5. ^ a b "How Thailand's wealthiest are making serious money". The Nation. Archived from the original on 27 May 2010. Retrieved 9 November 2009.
  6. ^ Hiscock (1997), p. 254
  7. ^ "BANK OF AYUDHYA CHAIRMAN PASSES AWAY". Bangkok Post. 4 August 1993.
  8. ^ Suppaiboon, Thanawat (2001). Legends of Chinese Entrepreneurs in Thailand. Nation Publishing. p. 23. ISBN 974-85982-1-7.
  9. ^ "Global Finance 600: The world's most powerful financial players". BNET Find Articles. 1998. Archived from the original on 26 October 2010. Retrieved 9 November 2009.
  10. ^ a b "BAY gears up for new era as Krit steps down". The Nation. Archived from the original on 28 January 2007. Retrieved 9 November 2009.
  11. ^ Susanto, A. B. (2013). The dragon network : inside stories of the most successful Chinese family businesses. Patricia Susanto. New York. ISBN 978-1-119-19902-1. OCLC 827208520.
  12. ^ a b Akira Suehiro; Natenapha Wailerdsak (2004). "Family Business in Thailand". ASEAN Economic Bulletin. 21 (1).
  13. ^ Gomez, Edmund (2002). Political business in East Asia. London: Routledge. pp. 253–277. ISBN 0-415-27149-5.
  14. ^ "Before Nowadays…40 Years of Siam City Cement PCL. Special Interview with Khun Veraphan Teepsuwan" (Interview). Siam City Cement Vol. 5, Issue 22. 6 November 2009. pp. 20–25. Retrieved 2 July 2014.
  15. ^ "Siam City Cement PCL Annual Registration Statement (Form 56-1), 2019" (PDF).
  16. ^ a b c Srimalee, Somluck (25 December 2012). "Ratanaraks returning to former prowess". The Nation. Retrieved 25 June 2013.
  17. ^ Sherer, Paul (11 August 1998). "Swiss Holderbank Buys Stake in Siam City Cement". The Asian Wall Street Journal.
  18. ^ "Companies/Securities in Focus". The Stock Exchange of Thailand. Retrieved 2 July 2014.
  19. ^ Utumporn, Pichayaporn (7 May 1996). "Bank of Ayudhya Share-Issue Plan Pleases Shareholders and Analysts". The Asian Wall Street Journal.
  20. ^ Kanoksilp, Jiwamol (5 January 2007). "BAY gears up for new era as Krit steps down". The Nation (Thailand).
  21. ^ Lex (8 April 2013). "General Electric: the long game". Financial Times.
  22. ^ Vallikappen, Sanat; Joyce Koh; Anuchit Nguyen (8 April 2013). "GE Raises $462 Million From Selling 7.6% of Bank of Ayudhya". Bloomberg News.
  23. ^ "Allianz | Allianz and Sri Ayudhya Capital PCL complete expansion of strategic partnership in Thailand". Allianz.com.
  24. ^ "Five from Thailand join 'Forbes' billionaires club". Bangkok Post. 9 March 2012. Retrieved 23 March 2012.
  25. ^ Jaiyen, Boonchai (2012). Which Family is the Richest. pp. 37–54. ISBN 978-616-7363-70-7.

BibliographyEdit

  • Hiscock, Geoff, Asia's wealth club: who's really who in business -- the top 100 billionaires in Asia, Nicholas Brealey Pub., 1997, ISBN 1-85788-162-1