Kishen Singh (explorer)
|Died||1921 (aged 70–71)|
He was born to a trader named Deb Singh. He was born at Milam village on India-China border now in present day Pithoragarh district. His elder brother was Mani Singh. His cousin Nain Singh was also an explorer.
Singh simultaneous studied and worked as assistant at the Garbyang government school in the Dharchula area, and later progressed to obtain the Tehsil Mudarisi diploma from the Normal School at Almora. He taught at Milam Girl's School and the Garbyang government school.
Hired and trained by the Geological Survey of India's Dehradun office, Singh then participated in the Great Trigonometrical Survey, and later became a trainer for the survey. James Walker, the superintendent of the survey, took him and his cousin Nain Singh on expeditions of Tibet and Central Asia. He was part of the several important expeditions listed below.
- 1869 Kailash-Mansarovar expedition.
- 1871–1872 Shigache– Lhasa expedition.
- 1873–1874 Yarkand–Kashgar expedition, second expedition of this area by Sir Thomas Douglas Forsyth.
- 1878–1882 Darjeeling–Lhasa–Mongolia expedition, stayed in Lhasa for a year masquerading as a merchant, surveyed Mekong, Salween, and Irrawaddy rivers.
Retirement and death (1885–1921)Edit
- Royal Geographic Society, honored him with an inscribed gold watch and 500 Indian rupees.
- Paris Geographical Society, a gold medal.
- Italian Geographic Society, a gold medal.
- British government of India, title of Rai Bahadur.
- British government of India: with a grant of jagir by British in Sitapur district of present day Uttar Pradesh with annual revenue of INR1850.
- Derek J. Waller, 2004, "The Pundits: British Exploration of Tibet and Central Asia," University Press of Kentucky.
- Dr. Sher Singh Pangtey, 1992, "Madhya Himalaya Ki Bhotia Janjaati (Bhotia Tribe of the Central Himalayas)".
- Indra Singh Rawat, 1973, "Indian Explorers of the 19th Century".
- Dean, Riaz (2019). Mapping The Great Game: Explorers, Spies & Maps in Nineteenth-century Asia. Oxford: Casemate (UK). pp. 165, 200–9. ISBN 978-1-61200-814-1.
- Kenneth Mason, 1923, "Kishen Singh and the Indian Explorers", The Geographical Journal, Vol. LXII-July to December.
- Babu Ram Singh Pangtey, 1980, "Johar Ka Itihaas (History of Johar)".
- Peter Hopkirk, 1982, "Trespassers on the Roof of the World: The Race for Lhasa", Oxford University Press.
- Clements R. Markham, 1878, "A Memoir on The Indian Surveys", 2nd Ed., W H Allen & Co., London, p.189.
- Charles E. D. Black, 1891, "A Memoir on The Indian Surveys (1875–90)" , London , p.168.
- Account of the Pundit's Journey in Great Tibet - Capt. H. Trotter, The Journal of the Royal Geographic Society (1877).
- Balasundaram, M., Dube, A. Ramgarh, 1973, "Structure, India", Nature (journal), 242, 40 doi:10.1038/242040a0.
- Discoverers Web description of this explorer's activities.