Kriegsmarinewerft (or Reichsmarinewerft prior to 1935) Wilhelmshaven was between 1918 and 1945 a naval shipyard in the German Navy's extensive base located in Wilhelmshaven (80 miles (130 km) west of Hamburg).
|Fate||Dismantled after World War II|
Reichsmarinewerft Wilhelmshaven (Wilhelmshaven Reichsmarine Shipyard) was founded after World War I on the grounds of Kaiserliche Werft Wilhelmshaven (Wilhelmshaven Imperial Shipyard) that had been closed down after World War I.
In 1935, its name was changed to Kriegsmarinewerft Wilhelmshaven (Wilhelmshaven Kriegsmarine Shipyard) when the name of the German navy was changed from Reichsmarine to Kriegsmarine in then Nazi Germany (officially Third Reich or - in German - Drittes Reich, 1933-1945).
During 1939-1945, the main shipyard's activities were building U-boats and repairing of damaged war ships. As far as shipyards in occupied countries are concerned personal from the shipyard in Wilhelmshaven was sent to organize the naval yard as "Kriegsmarinewerft" - e.g. in Lorient, Brest, St. Nazaire. In 1945, it had about 17,000 workers.
In May 1945 Polish and British troops reached Wilhelmshaven. After World War 2, the shipyard was used to repair ships that had to be sent to the Allies as war reparations. Starting in 1946 most buildings and equipment were either dismantled or blown-up.
Since 1957 part of the former shipyard is used as an arsenal for the German Navy (Deutsche Bundesmarine).
Ships built by Reichsmarinewerft/Kriegsmarinewerft Wilhelmshaven (selection)Edit
- 1920-1922, Altogether 28 fishing vessels
- 1922, Altogether 4 cargo ships
- 1925, Light cruiser Emden, first new built naval ship of the German Reichsmarine
- 1926-1928, Altogether 6 torpedo-boats
- 1929, K-class light cruiser Königsberg
- 1930, K-class light cruiser Köln
- 1931, Artillery training ship Bremse
- 1934, Deutschland-class Panzerschiff (armoured ship, later classified as heavy cruiser) Admiral Scheer, sunk by RAF in Kiel on 10 April 1945
- 1936, Deutschland-class Panzerschiff Admiral Graf Spee, scuttled after Battle of the River Plate with Royal Navy cruisers HMS Exeter, HMS Ajax and HMS Achilles at Montevideo, Uruguay on 17 December 1939
- 1939, Scharnhorst-class battleship Scharnhorst, sunk by HMS Duke of York and her escorts north of North Cape on 26 December 1943
- 1941, Bismarck-class battleship Tirpitz, sunk by RAF aircraft in Norway on 12 November 1944
- 1941-1944, 27 Type VII submarines