Christian Democratic Movement
The Christian Democratic Movement (Slovak: Kresťanskodemokratické hnutie, KDH) is a Christian-democratic political party in Slovakia. KDH is a member of the European People's Party (EPP) and observer of the Centrist Democrat International.
|Founded||23 February 1990|
|Headquarters||Šafárikovo námestie 77/4, Bratislava|
|Youth wing||Christian Democratic Youth of Slovakia|
|European affiliation||European People's Party|
|International affiliation||Centrist Democrat International (Observer)|
|European Parliament group||European People's Party|
|Colours||Blue Light yellow|
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The party was established in 1990. In the 1990s it was led by Ján Čarnogurský and then since 2000 by Pavol Hrušovský. Before the 2016 elections, it was led by Ján Figeľ. Following the defeat in the elections, Figeľ stepped down from the position and Pavol Zajac became temporary leader until the decisive party meeting on 19 March 2016. Figeľ endorsed Milan Majerský, mayor of Levoča, for the position.
The KDH was a member of the government coalition, but it left that coalition on 7 February 2006 due to disputes over an international treaty between Slovakia and the Holy See dealing with the Conscientious objection on religious grounds.
In the parliamentary election of 17 June 2006, the party won 8.3% of the popular vote and 14 out of 150 seats.
Four prominent parliamentary members (František Mikloško, Vladimír Palko, Rudolf Bauer and Pavol Minárik) left the party on 21 February 2008 due to their dissatisfaction with the party, its leadership and its policies, and founded the Conservative Democrats of Slovakia in July.
In the 2012 parliamentary election, KDH received 8.82% of the vote, placing it the second-largest party in the National Council with 16 deputies, leaving it the largest opposition party to the ruling Direction – Social Democracy.
In the 2016 parliamentary election, the party only won 4.94% of the vote, losing all of its seats. This was the first time since its inception that the party did not reach the parliament. Following the electoral defeat, KDH elected Alojz Hlina its new leader.
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- "VÝROČNÁ SPRÁVAHOSPODÁRENIE A FINANCOVANIE STRANY" (PDF). https://www.minv.sk. Retrieved 17 March 2020. External link in
- Bakke, Elisabeth (2010), "Central and East European party systems since 1989", Central and Southeast European Politics Since 1989, Cambridge University Press, p. 80
- José Magone (2010). Contemporary European Politics: A Comparative Introduction. Routledge. p. 456. ISBN 978-0-203-84639-1.
- Bodnárova, Bernardína (2006), "Social Policy", Slovakia 2005: A Global Report on the State of Society, Institute for Public Affairs, p. 307
- Lansford, Tom (2012). Thomas Muller; Judith Isacoff; Tom Lansford (eds.). Political Handbook of the World 2012. Los Angeles, California: CQ Press. p. 1284. ISBN 978-1-60871-995-2.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- Henderson, Karen (1999), "Minorities and Politics in the Slovak Republic", Minorities in Europe: Croatia, Estonia and Slovakia, Cambridge University Press, p. 150
- Bunce, Valerie; Wolchik, Sharon L. (2011), Defeating Authoritarian Leaders in Postcommunist Countries, Cambridge University Press, p. 64
- "Elections to the European Parliament 2014". 28 May 2014. Archived from the original on 28 May 2014. Retrieved 18 May 2017.
- "Novým predsedom KDH sa stal suverénne Alojz Hlina". TA3.com. Retrieved 14 June 2016.
- As Slovak Democratic Coalition
- "Czech-Slovak Political Science Students' Union". cpssu.org. Retrieved 12 December 2016.
- Official website (in Slovak)
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