Christian Democratic Movement

  (Redirected from Kresťanskodemokratické hnutie)

The Christian Democratic Movement (Slovak: Kresťanskodemokratické hnutie, KDH) is a Christian-democratic[3] political party in Slovakia. KDH is a member of the European People's Party (EPP) and observer of the Centrist Democrat International.

Christian Democratic Movement

Kresťanskodemokratické hnutie
LeaderAlojz Hlina
Founded23 February 1990
HeadquartersŠafárikovo námestie 77/4, Bratislava
Youth wingChristian Democratic Youth of Slovakia
Membership (2018)8,796[1]
IdeologyChristian democracy[2][3]
Social conservatism[4]

Pro-Europeanism[5]
Political positionCentre-right[6][7]
European affiliationEuropean People's Party
International affiliationCentrist Democrat International (Observer)
European Parliament groupEuropean People's Party
Colours     Blue      Light yellow
National Council
0 / 150
European Parliament
2 / 14
Self-governing regions
1 / 8
Regional parliaments
57 / 408
Local councils
2,350 / 20,646
Party flag
Flag of the Christian Democratic Movement
Website
http://www.kdh.sk/

HistoryEdit

The party was established in 1990. In the 1990s it was led by Ján Čarnogurský and then since 2000 by Pavol Hrušovský. Before the 2016 elections, it was led by Ján Figeľ. Following the defeat in the elections, Figeľ stepped down from the position and Pavol Zajac became temporary leader until the decisive party meeting on 19 March 2016. Figeľ endorsed Milan Majerský, mayor of Levoča, for the position.

The KDH was a member of the government coalition, but it left that coalition on 7 February 2006 due to disputes over an international treaty between Slovakia and the Holy See dealing with the Conscientious objection on religious grounds.

In the parliamentary election of 17 June 2006, the party won 8.3% of the popular vote and 14 out of 150 seats.

Four prominent parliamentary members (František Mikloško, Vladimír Palko, Rudolf Bauer and Pavol Minárik) left the party on 21 February 2008 due to their dissatisfaction with the party, its leadership and its policies, and founded the Conservative Democrats of Slovakia in July.

In the 2012 parliamentary election, KDH received 8.82% of the vote, placing it the second-largest party in the National Council with 16 deputies, leaving it the largest opposition party to the ruling Direction – Social Democracy.

In the 2014 European elections, KDH came second place nationally, receiving 13.21% of the vote and electing 2 MEPs.[8]

In the 2016 parliamentary election, the party only won 4.94% of the vote, losing all of its seats. This was the first time since its inception that the party did not reach the parliament. Following the electoral defeat, KDH elected Alojz Hlina its new leader.[9]

Party leadersEdit

Election resultsEdit

National CouncilEdit

Year Vote Vote % Seats Place Government
1990 648,782 19.21
31 / 150
2nd Yes
1992 273,945  8.89 
18 / 150
3rd  No
1994 289,987  10.1 
17 / 150
4th  No
1998[10] 884,497  26.33 
42 / 150
2nd  Yes
2002 237,202  8.3 
15 / 150
5th  Yes
2006 191,443  8.3
14 / 150
6th  No
2010 215,755  8.52 
15 / 150
4th  Yes
2012 225,361  8.82 
16 / 150
2nd  No
2016 128,908  4.94 
0 / 150
9th  No
2020 134,099  4.65 
0 / 150
8th  No

PresidentialEdit

Election Candidate First round result Second round result
Votes %Votes Result Votes %Votes Result
1999 Rudolf Schuster[11] 1,396,950 47.37 Runner-up 1,727,481 57.18 Won
2004 František Mikloško 129,414 6.50 5th
2009 Iveta Radičová 713,735 38.05 Runner-up 988,808 44.47 Lost
2014 Pavol Hrušovský 63,298 3.33 6th
2019 František Mikloško 122,916 5.72 5th

European ParliamentEdit

Year Vote Vote % Seats Place
2004 113,655 16.19
3 / 14
4th
2009 89,905   10.87  
2 / 13
4th  
2014 74,108  13.21 
2 / 13
2nd 
2019 95,588  9.69 
2 / 13
4th 

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "VÝROČNÁ SPRÁVAHOSPODÁRENIE A FINANCOVANIE STRANY" (PDF). https://www.minv.sk. Retrieved 17 March 2020. External link in |website= (help)
  2. ^ Bakke, Elisabeth (2010), "Central and East European party systems since 1989", Central and Southeast European Politics Since 1989, Cambridge University Press, p. 80
  3. ^ a b José Magone (2010). Contemporary European Politics: A Comparative Introduction. Routledge. p. 456. ISBN 978-0-203-84639-1.
  4. ^ Bodnárova, Bernardína (2006), "Social Policy", Slovakia 2005: A Global Report on the State of Society, Institute for Public Affairs, p. 307
  5. ^ Lansford, Tom (2012). Thomas Muller; Judith Isacoff; Tom Lansford (eds.). Political Handbook of the World 2012. Los Angeles, California: CQ Press. p. 1284. ISBN 978-1-60871-995-2.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  6. ^ Henderson, Karen (1999), "Minorities and Politics in the Slovak Republic", Minorities in Europe: Croatia, Estonia and Slovakia, Cambridge University Press, p. 150
  7. ^ Bunce, Valerie; Wolchik, Sharon L. (2011), Defeating Authoritarian Leaders in Postcommunist Countries, Cambridge University Press, p. 64
  8. ^ "Elections to the European Parliament 2014". 28 May 2014. Archived from the original on 28 May 2014. Retrieved 18 May 2017.
  9. ^ "Novým predsedom KDH sa stal suverénne Alojz Hlina". TA3.com. Retrieved 14 June 2016.
  10. ^ As Slovak Democratic Coalition
  11. ^ "Czech-Slovak Political Science Students' Union". cpssu.org. Retrieved 12 December 2016.

External linksEdit