The Kröller-Müller Museum (Dutch pronunciation: [krɵlərˈmylər myˌzeːjɵm]) is a national art museum and sculpture garden, located in the Hoge Veluwe National Park in Otterlo in the Netherlands. The museum, founded by art collector Helene Kröller-Müller within the extensive grounds of her and her husband's former estate (now the national park), opened in 1938. It has the second-largest collection of paintings by Vincent van Gogh, after the Van Gogh Museum. The museum had 380,000 visitors in 2015.
Entrance of the museum in 2008
|Established||13 July 1938|
|Visitors||380,000 (2015 est.)|
The Kröller-Müller Museum was founded by Helene Kröller-Müller, an avid art collector who, being advised by H.P. Bremmer, was one of the first to recognize Vincent van Gogh's genius and collect his works. In 1935, she donated her whole collection to the state of the Netherlands. In 1938, the museum, which was designed by Henry van de Velde, opened to the public. The sculpture garden was added in 1961 and the new exhibition wing, designed by Wim Quist, opened in 1977.
The museum has a considerable collection of paintings by Vincent van Gogh, such as Cafe Terrace at Night, Sorrowing Old Man ('At Eternity's Gate') and a version of The Potato Eaters, making it the second-largest collection of Van Gogh paintings in the world (after the Van Gogh Museum in Amsterdam). Apart from the Van Gogh paintings other highlights include works by Piet Mondrian, Georges-Pierre Seurat, Odilon Redon, Georges Braque, Paul Gauguin, Lucas Cranach, James Ensor, Juan Gris, and Pablo Picasso.
The Kröller-Müller Museum is also famous for its large sculpture garden, within the forest park, of more than 75 acres (30 ha) and one of the largest in Europe, with a fine collection of modern and contemporary sculptures. The garden reflects Helene Kröller-Müller's conception of a symbiosis between art, architecture and nature. The collection includes works by Auguste Rodin, Henry Moore, Jean Dubuffet, Mark di Suvero, Lucio Fontana, Claes Oldenburg, Fritz Wotruba, Joep van Lieshout and many more.
Selected collection highlightsEdit
Paul Signac, Breakfast, 1886-87
Henri-Edmond Cross, Fisherman, 1895
Fernand Léger, Nudes in the forest (Nus dans la forêt), 1910
Pablo Picasso, Violon (Violin), 1911–12
Juan Gris, Le Compotier (The Fruit Bowl), 1914
Georges Braque, Guitare et verre (Guitar and Glass), 1917
Henry Moore, Sculpture with hole and light, 1967
Joseph Csaky, Deux figures, 1920
Joseph Csaky, Tête (Head), 1920
Richard Serra, One, 1988
- Address/directions, Kröller-Müller Museum. Retrieved 27 September 2013.
- Johannes van der Wolk, "Helene Emma Laura Juliane Kröller-Müller" (in Dutch), Biografisch Woordenboek Gelderland, 1998. Retrieved 27 September 2013.
- "380.000 bezoekers voor Kröller-Müller in 2015 Archived 4 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine" (in Dutch), De Stentor, 2016. Retrieved 15 January 2016.
- Structure Archived 2 October 2013 at the Wayback Machine, Kröller-Müller Museum. Retrieved 27 September 2013.
- Beukhof, H., Essen, F. van, Pelzers, E., Sevink, J. (2005) Nature and Art, The Hoge Veluwe, Waanders Uitgeverij, Zwolle.
- The potato eaters Archived 4 April 2013 at the Wayback Machine, Kröller-Müller Museum. Retrieved 24 August 2013.
- Terrace of a café at night (Place du Forum) Archived 27 August 2012 at the Wayback Machine, Kröller-Müller Museum. Retrieved 23 August 2013.
- Top 55 Museumbezoek 2012 (in Dutch), Nederlandse Museumvereniging, 2012. Retrieved 19 August 2013.
- Daan van Lent & Pieter van Os, "Musea doen het goed: aantal bezoekers in 2013 fors gestegen" (in Dutch), NRC Handelsblad, 2013. Retrieved 3 August 2014.
- Birgit Donker, "Lisette Pelsers nieuwe directeur Kröller-Müller Museum" (in Dutch), NRC Handelsblad, 2011. Retrieved 29 July 2016.
- Daan van Lent & Pieter van Os, "Musea doen het goed: aantal bezoekers in 2013 fors gestegen" (in Dutch), NRC Handelsblad, 2013. Retrieved 28 June 2014.
- Kröller-Müller State Museum, Otterlo. Netherlands: Kröller-Müller State Museum, 1973.