Králův Dvůr (pronounced [ˈkraːluːv dvuːr], German: Königshof) is a town in the Central Bohemian Region of the Czech Republic. Králův Dvůr creates a conurbation with Beroun. with population around 9,500 people.
|• Mayor||Petr Vychodil|
|• Total||15.26 km2 (5.89 sq mi)|
|Elevation||240 m (790 ft)|
|• Density||610/km2 (1,600/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
History of Králův Dvůr is short as the town was established in 1990 when 7 neighbourhoods left Beroun municipality. History of nowadays neighbourhoods, formers villages or towns, is naturally longer however slightly different.
Králův Dvůr was in direct royal possession, established in 1236. Králův Dvůr was royal hunting residence, a chateau has been preserved although widely damaged by built D5 highway. Králův Dvůr is known for an incident involving bohemian king and Holy Roman Emperor Wenceslaus IV of Bohemia. Wenceslaus, escaping from capital city, was captured by bohemian nobility what happened in 8th May 1394. In 1860, the chateau was sold to Emil Egon Fürstenberg who had no interest to keep the property in good shape and the chateau was used as a warehouse. After WWII the chateau was nationalized, state enterprises kept using buildings as a warehouse. its garden was used as a path for D5 highway. The chateau was sold to private property in 2000.
Karlova Huť was an iron smetlery eshablished in 16th century by noble family of Karlové ze Svárova, however local history of iron smelting is ancient. Settlement was mostly removed in 1960 when smeltery was expanded to iron works, as well as cement plant was established. Iron works bankrupted in nineties of 20th century, leaving wide brownfield. Cement plant keeps operating.
Křižatky was a small village, situated in hills, established in 1653.
Very first note about Počaply comes from 1253. The Assumption of the Virgin Mary Church was built 1733. Workers' colony for nearby iron works was erected in 1905.
Popovice was established in 1296, possesed by Chotěšov monastery. Iron smeltery was situated here, as well as iron mills powered by running water, which were fed by system of ponds. Two ponds has been preserved – Měřák pond and Popovícký pond.
Levín was established in 1391.
Záhořany was established in 1429, from 1980 joined to Beroun, between 1990 – 2002 Záhořany was independent municipality and finally, Záhořany joined Králův dvůr municipality in 2002.
All villages, except Záhořany (which shares history with Králův Dvůr municipality from 2002) was condensed into single municipality Králův Dvůr in 1850. Králův Dvůr was joined to Beroun municipality in 1980 as a housing and industrial suburb.
In 1988 D5 higway was built, literally ripping Králův dvůr to two halves. Králův Dvůr left Beroun municipality in 1990, recognized as a new town Králův Dvůr. Iron works left operations in nineties of 20th century, significantly improving air pollution.
In 21th century, population numbers are growing. Victinity to capital city of Prague makes Králův Dvůr favorite place for housing.
- "Population of municipalities of the Czech republic". Czech Statistical Office. Retrieved 2019-04-30.
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