Kozica, Croatia

Kozica (Italian: Cozizza) is a small village in the Split-Dalmatia County of Croatia. It is in the jurisdiction of Vrgorac, 80 km (50 mi) southeast of Split. It lies just below Sveti Mihovil mountain, which is 1,247 m (4,091 ft) high.

Kozica
Village
A sign at the entrance to Kozica
A sign at the entrance to Kozica
Kozica is located in Croatia
Kozica
Kozica
Coordinates: 43°15′42″N 17°13′01″E / 43.261691°N 17.217076°E / 43.261691; 17.217076Coordinates: 43°15′42″N 17°13′01″E / 43.261691°N 17.217076°E / 43.261691; 17.217076
Elevation
350 m (1,150 ft)
Population
 (2011)[1]
 • Total56
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal Code
21274
Area code021
Licence plateMA
ClimateCfa

HistoryEdit

Kozica was first mentioned in documents of the Kreševskoj era in 1434.

PrehistoryEdit

Around Kozica there are more than sixteen archeological sites with ancient burials, dated since 1900 B.C. to the late medieval period. In the near area, there are gomile and stećci, evidence of the ancient cattle breeders and warriors.[2]

Ottoman EmpireEdit

When Vrgorac capitulated to the Ottoman Empire, Kozica probably fell with the rest of the area. The spread of Islam into the region that came with the arrival of the Ottoman army concerned the occupants of the monastery in Makarska, who began to worry about the residents in Kozica and the surrounding region, fearing that many would convert to Islam.

Post-Ottoman occupationEdit

After the liberation of inner Dalmatia from the Ottoman Empire, most of Kozica and the surrounding villages had been deserted because of the exodus of the populace to the northern regions of Croatia. The Venetian Republic repopulated the area with Herzegovinian people from the east.

The withdrawal of the Ottomans saw the region come under the jurisdiction of the Venetian Republic, then under the rule of Napoleon. A short and prosperous period followed, which included the construction of the "napoleonsku cestu" (Napoleon's road), encouraging travel to the area. With the failure of Napoleon's campaign in Dalmatia, Kozica fell under the rule of Austria-Hungary, and remained so until the end of the First World War.

Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (1918–1941) and World War IIEdit

Many of Kozica's population bought land near Vrgorac, where they grew their own produce, including olives and grapes; the area acquired a reputation for good wine. The Second World War changed this for the worse.

In World War II, all houses in the village were burnt down, and 20% of the villagers were killed by either Chetnik or Italian units, or in combat, fighting for the Partisans.[3]

ClimateEdit

Kozica has a Sub-Mediterranean climate, but due to its elevation Kozica has its own microclimate which differs from the Dalmatian Coast. Kozica is situated on a plateau in between two mountains, Biokovo and Sveti Mihovil.

Tourism and the economyEdit

Tourism has started in Kozica and it is becoming common for cyclists to tour the region and its rocky landscape.[citation needed] Kozica's natural environment is also an attraction in the summer.[citation needed] Kozica is a small Mediterranean mountain village which is 20 minutes by car from the nearest beach.[citation needed] Kozica is also home to various palm trees and many other types of flora. Tourism in Kozica is expected to increase[citation needed] with the construction of the A1 highway from Zagreb via Split to Dubrovnik.[citation needed] The nearest motorway exit for Kozica is Ravča which is 3–4 km (1.9–2.5 mi) south of Kozica.

DemographicsEdit

History of the number of inhabitants

Croatian Bureau of Statistics

[4] There was an increase in population from the 1800s until the Second World War. After 1945 the decrease in population was due to the exodus of people trying to find a better life in the cities or migrating. In recent decades, there was a dramatic drop from previous censuses.[3] Many inhabitants have moved to the seaside, Makarska in particular.[3]

GalleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Population by Age and Sex, by Settlements, 2011 Census: Kozica". Census of Population, Households and Dwellings 2011. Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics. December 2012.
  2. ^ Klikeri. "Vrgorac - Archeological sites - Split and Dalmatia County Tourist Board". Retrieved 2017-06-29.
  3. ^ a b c "Ovo je kraj u kojem se događa najveća demografska katastrofa: 'Stvari su nekako i funkcionirale do 1991., ali danas je teško pronaći čovjeka na ulici'". Jutarnji list (in Croatian). 11 May 2018. Retrieved 29 May 2020.
  4. ^ http://www.dzs.hr/Hrv/pxweb2003/Dialog/varval.asp?ma=Tabela4_17&ti=Splitsko-dalmatinska+%9Eupanija+-+broj+stanovnika+po+naseljima+&path=../Database/Naselja%20i%20stanovnistvo%20Republike%20Hrvatske/4%20Stanovnistvo%20naselja/&lang=10[permanent dead link]

External linksEdit