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Kovačica

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Kovačica (Serbian Cyrillic: Ковачица; pronounced [koʋǎtʃitsa]) is a town and municipality located in the South Banat District of the autonomous province of Vojvodina, Serbia. According to the 2011 census, the town has a population of 6,259, while Kovačica municipality has 25,274 inhabitants.[1] It is widely known for its naïve art that the local residents make without any form of art school.

Kovačica

Ковачица

Kovačica
The Evangelical (Slovak) church
The Evangelical (Slovak) church
Coat of arms of Kovačica
Coat of arms
Location of Kovačica within Serbia
Location of Kovačica within Serbia
Coordinates: 45°6′42″N 20°37′17″E / 45.11167°N 20.62139°E / 45.11167; 20.62139Coordinates: 45°6′42″N 20°37′17″E / 45.11167°N 20.62139°E / 45.11167; 20.62139
Country Serbia
ProvinceVojvodina
DistrictSouth Banat
Settlements8
Government
 • MayorMilan Garašević
Area
 • Municipal419 km2 (162 sq mi)
Elevation
78 m (256 ft)
Population
 (2011)
 • Municipal25,274
 • Density60/km2 (160/sq mi)
 • Urban
6,259
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
26210
Area code(s)+381(0)13
Car platesPA
Websitewww.kovacica.org

GeographyEdit

The town of Kovačica is located 27 km from Pančevo and 43 km from Belgrade. Kovačica lies in the wide Pannonian plain.

HistoryEdit

The town was founded in the 18th century, but there are records of small settlements dating from 1458. In the middle of the 18th century, this area was recorded as wasteland. Settlement was founded in 1750 and was settled (in 1751-1752) by Serb soldiers from Potisje and Pomorišje, after military frontier in these regions was abolished. In 1767, Kovačica was included into German regiment of Banatian Military Frontier. First Slovaks came here from Ečka and Aradac (in 1783) and after them, Slovaks from Arvas, Trenčin and Bekeš county came here as well (in 1801). From the middle of the 19th century, Kovačica is a center of municipality and cultural and social center of Slovaks in Banat.[2]

SettlementsEdit

Kovačica municipality includes the town of Kovačica and the following villages:

The municipality is divided into 8 local communities.


DemographicsEdit

YearPop.±% p.a.
194831,682—    
195332,808+0.70%
196134,654+0.69%
197133,489−0.34%
198132,798−0.21%
199130,469−0.73%
200227,890−0.80%
201125,274−1.09%
Source: [3]

According to the last official census done in 2011, the municipality of Kovačica has 25,274 inhabitants, with 6,259 in town area.

Ethnic groupsEdit

 
Map of Kovačica municipality

Communities with Slovak majorities are: Kovačica (Slovak: Kovačica) and Padina (Slovak: Padina). Communities with Serb majorities are: Crepaja, Idvor, Putnikovo and Samoš. There is one community with a Hungarian majority: Debeljača (Hungarian: Torontálvásárhely), and one community with a Romanian majority: Uzdin (Romanian: Uzdin).

The ethnic composition of the municipality (as of 2011 census):

Ethnic group Population
Slovaks 10,577
Serbs 8,407
Hungarians 2,522
Romanians 1,547
Roma 806
Macedonians 74
Yugoslavs 62
Albanians 59
Croats 48
Montenegrins 34
Germans 14
Bulgarians 10
Muslims 10
Russians 10
Others 1,094
Total 25,274

EconomyEdit

The following table gives a preview of total number of employed people per their core activity (as of 2017):[4]

Activity Total
Agriculture, forestry and fishing 255
Mining -
Processing industry 845
Distribution of power, gas and water 4
Distribution of water and water waste management 79
Construction 173
Wholesale and retail, repair 607
Traffic, storage and communication 127
Hotels and restaurants 81
Media and telecommunications 36
Finance and insurance 36
Property stock and charter -
Professional, scientific, innovative and technical activities 89
Administrative and other services 132
Administration and social assurance 209
Education 372
Healthcare and social work 228
Art, leisure and recreation 57
Other services 54
Total 3,387

International relationsEdit

Twin towns — Sister citiesEdit

Kovačica is twinned with:

  •   Banská Bystrica, Slovakia
  • Montafalcone, Italy
  • Rekaš, Romania
  • Šumski Sveti Đorđe, Romania
  • Malo Turnovo, Bulgaria
  • Lapovo, Serbia
  • Arilje, Serbia

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Population by ethnicity – Kovačica". Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia (SORS). Retrieved 25 February 2013.
  2. ^ Source: Stevan Kovačević, Gradovi Srbije u slici i reči, Beograd, 2010.
  3. ^ "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia" (PDF). stat.gov.rs. Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. Retrieved 17 March 2019.
  4. ^ "ОПШТИНЕ И РЕГИОНИ У РЕПУБЛИЦИ СРБИЈИ, 2018" (PDF). stat.gov.rs (in Serbian). Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. Retrieved 16 March 2019.

External linksEdit