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Kottarakkara (IAST: Koṭṭārakkara), also transliterated as Kottarakara, is a vast developing town and municipality in Punalur Revenue Division and Kollam (formerly known as Quilon) District, in Kerala state, India. The town is close to Kollam Port, which has a rich history linked to the early medieval period as well as a reputation as an important commercial, industrial and trading center. Kottarakkara lies 27 kilometres (17 mi) to the east of Kollam city centre.[1][2]

Kottarakkara
Municipal Town
Pulamon Junction in Kottarakara town
Pulamon Junction in Kottarakara town
Kottarakkara is located in Kerala
Kottarakkara
Kottarakkara
Location in Kerala, India
Kottarakkara is located in India
Kottarakkara
Kottarakkara
Kottarakkara (India)
Coordinates: 08°59′00″N 76°46′00″E / 8.98333°N 76.76667°E / 8.98333; 76.76667Coordinates: 08°59′00″N 76°46′00″E / 8.98333°N 76.76667°E / 8.98333; 76.76667
Country India
StateKerala
DistrictKollam
Government
 • BodyKottarakkara Municipality
Area
 • Total17 km2 (7 sq mi)
Population
 • Total46,366(as of 2,011)
Languages
 • OfficialMalayalam
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PINCODE691506
Vehicle registrationKL-24,KL-2
Nearest cityKollam , Punalur
Lok Sabha constituencyMavelikara
Civic AgencyKottarakara Municipality
Kottarakkara Sree Mahaganapathi Temple
Thampuram Museum
iMall building near Pulamon Junction
Kottarakkara KSRTC Depot.
Intilayappan Temple, Mararikkode

Contents

HistoryEdit

Kottarakkara, also known in the ancient days of the kings as the Elayadathu Swarupam, was a principality ruled by a branch of the Travancore Royal Family. It is the home of Kathakali, a well known dance drama which originated initially as Ramanattam created in the 17th century by Prince Kottarakkara Thampuran and later patronized by the Raja of Kottarakkara in the early 19th century absorbing other dance forms of Krishnattam with further innovations.

EtymologyEdit

Kottarakkara, a compound word made up of the words Kottaram, meaning "palace", and kara meaning "land", literally means "land of palaces". The area which had several palaces was thus named "Kottarakkara."[3]

GeographyEdit

Kottarakkara is a small principality close to Kollam. As a taluk headquarters, it has six panchayats and other small towns. It is surrounded by several other towns.

Towns and Villages in Kottarakara TalukEdit

  • Chadayamangalam
  • Chengamanadu
  • Chakkuvarakkal
  • Chithara
  • Elamad
  • Ezhukone
  • Ittiva
  • Kadakkal
  • Kalayapuram
  • Kareepra- Edakkidom
  • Kottarakkara
  • Kottukkal
  • Kulakkada
  • Kummil
  • Mankode
  • Melila
  • Mylam
  • Neduvathur
  • Nilamel
  • Odanavattom
  • Pavithreswaram
  • Pooyappally
  • Puthoor
  • Thrikkannamangal
  • Ummannur
  • Valakom
  • Velinallur
  • Veliyam
  • Vettikkavala

[4]

ClimateEdit

Climate data for Kottarakkara, Kerala
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 30.4
(86.7)
31.2
(88.2)
32.3
(90.1)
32.4
(90.3)
32.0
(89.6)
29.9
(85.8)
29.3
(84.7)
29.5
(85.1)
29.9
(85.8)
29.8
(85.6)
29.5
(85.1)
29.8
(85.6)
30.5
(86.9)
Average low °C (°F) 22.4
(72.3)
23.1
(73.6)
24.5
(76.1)
25.3
(77.5)
25.4
(77.7)
24.1
(75.4)
23.6
(74.5)
23.6
(74.5)
23.8
(74.8)
23.8
(74.8)
23.4
(74.1)
22.6
(72.7)
23.8
(74.8)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 17
(0.67)
34
(1.34)
67
(2.64)
166
(6.54)
261
(10.28)
477
(18.78)
411
(16.18)
277
(10.91)
228
(8.98)
311
(12.24)
214
(8.43)
54
(2.13)
2,517
(99.12)
Source: Climate-Data.org[5]

PoliticsEdit

Kottarakara Assembly Constituency is one among the 11 assembly constituencies in Kollam district. Adv P. Aisha Potty is the present MLA from Kottarakkara constituency. Kottarakkara comes under Mavelikkara (Lok Sabha constituency), that represents a large area including Kottarakkara, Mavelikkara, Changanasseri, spread in Kollam, Alappuzha and Kottayam districts.[6]

E Chandrasekaran Nair (CPI), D.Damodaran Potti (PSP), R.Balakrishna Pillai (Kerala Congress), E.Chandrasekaran Nair (CPI), C.Achutha Menon (CPI), Kottara Gopalakrishnan (INC) and R.Balakrishna Pillai (Kerala Congress - B) are the former elected members represented Kottarakara Assembly Constituency in the past.[7][8]

TransportationEdit

Road NetworkEdit

NH 208 (Kollam to Thirumangalam) meets the MC road (Thiruvananthapuram to Angamaly) at Kottarakkara. Kottarakkara is linked with Kollam (the district headquarters), both by road and rail, at a distance of 27 km. It is 72 km to the north of Thiruvananthapuram (the capital of Kerala) and 80 km to the south of Kottayam. [9]

RoadEdit

Kottarakara has one of the Kerala's well connected KSRTC Hub, consist of various services across almost all the parts of kerala and interstate services. Local routes are connected by private bus services as well as State Transport. It is well connected to the capital city of Kerala, Thiruvananthapuram by KSRTC Fast Passenger, super fast, deluxe, a/c buses. Buses are also ply to the district headquarters of Kollam and Pathanamthitta and to towns in Tamil Nadu like Coimbatore, Tenkasi and Sengottai and Daily trips to Mookambika, Munnar, Bangalore, Kumali, Ooty, kanyakumari, nagercoil, thirunelveli, palani

RailEdit

Kottarakara railway station is located on the Kollam-Sengottai railway line. Kottarakara railway station, which currently connects to Kollam, Trivandrum, Ernakulam, Thrissur, Palakkad, Madurai, Nagercoil, Paravur, Tirunelveli, Guruvayur, Varkala and Punalur through the direct passenger, fast passenger and express train services. There are eight pairs of services right now and heard that many more services would be inducted in this route since the Punalur-Schengotta ghat section has been closed for Broad Gauge conversion. Once the conversion is over, this will serve as the shortest route from Kollam to Chennai and from Kollam Port & Cochin Port to Tuticorin Port. Further, a new line from Chengannur to Thiruvananthapuram via Adoor and Pandalam is awaiting survey. Adoor will become a junction once the new line materializes.

AirEdit

The nearest airport is Trivandrum International Airport in Thiruvananthapuram. A new green field airport has been proposed at Aranmula, 45 kilometres (28 mi) from Kottarakkara.

Notable peopleEdit

Schools and CollegesEdit

  • Seventh day Adventist higher Secondary School, Karickom, Kottarakara
  • Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya, Kottarakkara
  • St.Mary's Higher Secondary School, Kottarakara
  • Mar Baselios English Medium School, Kottapuram,
  • Carmel Residential Senior Secondary School, Kadalavila, Kottarakara
  • Mar Gregorios memorial residential public school, Mylom,
  • Sri Vidyadhiraja Memorial Model HSS, Vendar, Kottarakara.
  • Govt. Boys' Higher Secondary School, Kottarakara,
  • St. Gregorios High School, College Junction, Kottarakara,
  • St. Gregorios Higher Secondary School, College Junction, Kottarakara
  • Marthoma Girls' Higher Secondary School, Kottarakara
  • St. Gregorios College
  • University Institute of Technology (UIT)
  • IHRD College of Engineering, Thrikkannamangal
  • MAMHS,Chengamanadu
  • BRM Central School,Chengamanadu
  • Mercy college of Nursing, Valakom
  • Vijaya Nursing College
  • Sree Sankara Sanskrit Vidhyapeedom, Edakkidam (ഇടയ്ക്കിടം)
  • Evhss neduvathoor
  • Karikom International Public School - Karikom, Kottarakara
  • Govt. Highersecondary School, Sadanandapuram, Kottarakara,
  • Marthoma High School, Valakom, Kottarakara
  • RVHS Higher Secondary School, Valakom, Kottarakara
  • GLPS,Valakom, Kottarakara
  • GLPS,Panavely, Kottarakara
  • Govt. Highersecondary School, Vettikavala, Kottarakara,
  • Govt. LPS,Vettikavala, kottarakkara

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Kollam Town". Kollam District officialwebsite National Informatics Centre. Retrieved 22 February 2011.
  2. ^ "Short History of Kollam". Kollam: National Informatics Centre. Archived from the original on 2011-05-18. Retrieved 22 February 2011.
  3. ^ "History". kottarakkara.com. Archived from the original on 2011-07-13. Retrieved 23 February 2011.
  4. ^ "Places in Kottarakara Taluk". Archived from the original on 2017-05-06. Retrieved 2017-04-13.
  5. ^ "CLIMATE: KOTTARAKARA", Climate-Data.org. Web: [1].
  6. ^ "Assembly Constituencies - Corresponding Districts and Parliamentary Constituencies" (PDF). Kerala. Election Commission of India. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 March 2009. Retrieved 2008-10-20.
  7. ^ "Kerala Assembly Election - 1957". Elections.in. Retrieved 2018-10-20.
  8. ^ "Kerala Assembly Election - 1980". Elections.in. Retrieved 2018-10-20.
  9. ^ "District Information". Kollam: National Informatics. Retrieved 22 February 2011.
  10. ^ "Dr. Salim Yusuf". Canadian Medical Hall of Fame. 2014.

Further readingEdit

  • Parankamveettil; An ancient Hindu Pillai Converted Christian Family based from Aippalloor spreads areas at Kizhakketheruvu, Chengamanadu, Kottarakara, Elampal, Ayoor etc was Engaged in Agricultural Production, Tradings, Religious, Social and Cultural activities. ISBN 978-81-87418-46-7.
  • K. Ayyappapanicker; Sahitya Akademi (1997). Medieval Indian literature: an anthology. Sahitya Akademi. pp. 317–. ISBN 978-81-260-0365-5.
  • M. O. Koshy (1989). The Dutch power in Kerala, 1729-1758. Mittal Publications. pp. 64–. ISBN 978-81-7099-136-6. * K. Srikumaran (1 January 2005). Theerthayathra: a pilgrimage through various temples. Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan. p. 129. ISBN 978-81-7276-363-3.

External linksEdit