Korean National Airlines
Korean National Airlines (KNA) was the first (commercial cargo and passenger) air carrier in Korea. Established in 1946 and incorporated in 1948 in South Korea, and its first official passenger flight was from Seoul to Pusan on October 30, 1948 (which is now Korea's National Air Day holiday). The carrier was an international carrier – though it was privately owned by its Founding Chairman, Captain Shin Yong-Wook (신용욱). It operated under the brand name Koreanair.
|Ceased operations||1962 (nationalized)|
|Operating bases||Yeouido Airport|
|Headquarters||Seoul, South Korea|
|Key people||Shin Yong-Wook (Founder & CEO)|
|Revised Romanization||Daehan Gukmin Hanggong|
|McCune–Reischauer||Taehan kukmin Hanggong|
In late 1961, many Korean industries, including transportation, were nationalized in an effort to spur the country's economic growth. Shin Yong-Wook challenged the government's authority to nationalize his company, but KNA was ultimately taken over in a forced acquisition by the government in 1962.
The Korean National Airlines fleet ultimately consisted of the following aircraft:
|Douglas DC-3||4||1 leased from All Nippon Airways|
|Douglas DC-4||2||1 leased from Japan Airlines|
|Lockheed L-749 Constellation||1|
KNA served the following destinations:
- Busan - three daily DC-3 services in 1957; two daily DC-3 and DC-4 services by 1961
- Gangneung - four DC-3 services per week as of 1957; weekly by 1961
- Gwangju - two weekly DC-3 services in 1957; three by 1961
- Hong Kong - weekly DC-4 service in 1957; weekly Constellation service by 1961
- Seattle - charter Constellation service in 1959
- Manila - Charter Service during 1954 Asian Games
- Jeju - three weekly DC-3 services from Gwangju by 1961
- Seoul (Hub)
- "mbmin님의 블로그 : 네이버 블로그". blog.naver.com.
- "Korean National Airlines - KNA". Airline Timetable Images. Retrieved 9 February 2016.
- "World Airline Survey, FLIGHT International, 11 April 1963". Retrieved 9 February 2016.