Kopomá Municipality

Kopomá Municipality (Yucatec Maya: "low or sunken water")[4] is one of the 106 municipalities in the Mexican state of Yucatán containing (260.59 km2) of land and is located roughly 50 kilometres (31 mi) southwest of the city of Mérida.[2]

Kopomá
Municipality
Region 1 Poniente #045
Region 1 Poniente #045
Kopomá is located in Mexico
Kopomá
Kopomá
Location of the Municipality in Mexico
Coordinates: 20°38′52″N 89°53′55″W / 20.64778°N 89.89861°W / 20.64778; -89.89861Coordinates: 20°38′52″N 89°53′55″W / 20.64778°N 89.89861°W / 20.64778; -89.89861
CountryFlag of Mexico.svg Mexico
StateFlag of Yucatan.svg Yucatán
Mexico Ind.1821
Yucatán Est.1824
Government
 • TypePRI logo (Mexico).svg 2012–2015[1]
 • Municipal PresidentJosé Miguel Asencion Barboza Ek[2]
Area
 • Total260.59 km2 (100.61 sq mi)
 [2]
Elevation
11 m (36 ft)
Population
 (2010[3])
 • Total2,449
 • Density9.4/km2 (24/sq mi)
 • Demonym
Umanense
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central Standard Time)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (Central Daylight Time)
INEGI Code045
Major AirportMerida (Manuel Crescencio Rejón) International Airport
IATA CodeMID
ICAO CodeMMMD
Municipalities of Yucatán

HistoryEdit

There is no accurate data on when the town was founded, but it was a settlement before the conquest and was located in the chieftainship of Ah Canul.[4] After colonization, the area became part of the encomienda system with various encomenderos,[2] such as in 1638 Francisco de Castillo Alvarado, Violante de Aragón y Guzmán, and Luis Francisco de Guardiola. It passed to Angela Menéndez de Porres in 1680, in 1691 to Casimiro J. Osorio Menéndez de Avilés,[5] and to Josi Pordio in 1734.[2]

Yucatán declared its independence from the Spanish Crown in 1821 and in 1825 the area was assigned to the Camino Real[2] under the Maxcanú Municipality.[4] In 1935 the area became its own municipality.[2]

GovernanceEdit

The municipal president is elected for a three-year term. The town council has four councilpersons, who serve as Secretary and councilors of municipal heritage and urban planning; public works and public services; ecology and public security; and highway administration.[6]

The Municipal Council administers the business of the municipality. It is responsible for budgeting and expenditures and producing all required reports for all branches of the municipal administration. Annually it determines educational standards for schools.[6]

The Police Commissioners ensure public order and safety. They are tasked with enforcing regulations, distributing materials and administering rulings of general compliance issued by the council.[6]

CommunitiesEdit

The head of the municipality is Kopomá, Yucatán. The municipality has 3 other populated places[6] including Concepción, San Bernardo and Santa Clara. The significant populations are shown below:[2]

Community Population
Entire Municipality (2010) 2,449[3]
Kopomá 1819 in 2005[7]
San Bernardo 398 in 2005[8]

Local festivalsEdit

Every year on 15 May the town celebrates the feast of its patron, San Isidro Labrador.[2]

Tourist attractionsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Presidentes Municipales" (in Spanish). Mérida, Mexico: PRI yucatan. 23 January 2014. Archived from the original on 3 July 2015. Retrieved 16 August 2015.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Municipios de Yucatán »Kopomá" (in Spanish). Retrieved 16 August 2015.
  3. ^ a b "Mexico In Figures:Kopomá, Yucatán". INEGI (in Spanish and English). Aguascalientes, México: Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Geografía (INEGI). Archived from the original on 6 May 2015. Retrieved 16 August 2015.
  4. ^ a b c "El Significado de los Nombre de los Pueblos de Yucatán: Agua". Merida de Yucatan (in Spanish). Mérida, Mexico: Crónicas de la Ciudad Blanca. Retrieved 16 August 2015.
  5. ^ García Bernal, Manuela Cristina (1978). Población y encomienda en Yucatán bajo los Austrias (in Spanish). Sevilla: Escuela de Estudios Hispano-Americanos. p. 539. ISBN 978-8-400-04399-5. Retrieved 16 August 2015.
  6. ^ a b c d "Kopomá". inafed (in Spanish). Mérida, Mexico: Enciclopedia de Los Municipios y Delegaciones de México. Retrieved 16 August 2015.
  7. ^ "Kopomá" (in Spanish). PueblosAmerica. 2005. Retrieved 16 August 2015.
  8. ^ "San Bernardo" (in Spanish). PueblosAmerica. 2005. Retrieved 16 August 2015.