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Komering is a Malayo-Polynesian language spoken in Indonesia, in the southern part of Sumatra.

Komering
Native toIndonesia
RegionSumatra
EthnicityKomering people
Native speakers
470,000 (2000 census)[1]
Lampung script (present)
Latin(present)
Language codes
ISO 639-3kge
Glottologkome1238[2]
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Three Komering girls in 1929

Contents

LocationEdit

Komering in the Lampung Province in southern Sumatra, along the Komering River.

ClassificationEdit

Komering belongs to the group of Lampung languages, one of the groups within the Malayo-Polynesian branch of the Austronesian family.[3] Walker regards Komering as a mere dialect, presenting Lampung as a single language instead of a group of languages;[4] others treat it as a dialect specifically of Lampung Api.

VocabularyEdit

Examples of basic Komering words:[5]

English Komering Indonesian/Malay
tree kayu kayu ("wood")
ashes habu abu
world tanoh tanah
grass jukuk rumput
egg hatolui telur
three tolu tiga
five lima lima
rain hujau hujan
to steal hambur hambur ("to waste")
egg tohlui telur
four pak empat
now ganta sekarang

Notes and referencesEdit

  1. ^ Komering at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Komering". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. ^ Adelaar, 2005, p. 22.
  4. ^ Walker, 1976, p. 1.
  5. ^ From Walker, 1975, pp. 14-17.

SourcesEdit

  • ‹See Tfd›(in English) Adelaar, Alexander, The Austronesian Languages of Asia and Madagascar: A Historical Perspective, The Austronesian Languages of Asia and Madagascar, pp. 1–42, Routledge Language Family Series, Londres, Routledge, 2005, ISBN 0-7007-1286-0
  • ‹See Tfd›(in English) Walker, Dale F., A Lexical Study of Lampung Dialects, Miscellaneous Studies in Indonesian and Languages in Indonesia, Part I (éditeur: John W. M. Verhaar), NUSA Linguistic Studies in Indonesian and Languages of Indonesia, Volume 1, pp. 11–21, Jakarta, Badan Penyelenggara Seri NUSA, 1975.
  • ‹See Tfd›(in English) Walker, Dale F., A Grammar of the Lampung Language: the Pesisir Dialect of Way Lima, NUSA Linguistic Studies in Indonesian and Languages of Indonesia, Volume 2, Jakarta, Badan Penyelenggara Seri NUSA, 1976.

See alsoEdit