Kolozs County

  (Redirected from Kolozs)

Kolozs County was an administrative county (comitatus) of the Kingdom of Hungary, of the Eastern Hungarian Kingdom and of the Principality of Transylvania. Its territory is now in north-western Romania (north-western Transylvania). The capital of the county was Kolozsvár (present-day Cluj-Napoca).

Kolozs County
Comitatus Kolosiensis  (Latin)
Kolozs vármegye  (Hungarian)
Komitat Klausenburg  (German)
Comitatul Cluj  (Romanian)
County of the Kingdom of Hungary
(11th century-1526)
County of the Eastern Hungarian Kingdom
(1526-1570)
County of the Principality of Transylvania
(1570-1867)
County of the Kingdom of Hungary
(1867-1920, 1940-1945)
Coat of arms of Kolozs
Coat of arms
Kolozs.png
CapitalKolozsvár
Area
 • Coordinates46°46′N 23°36′E / 46.767°N 23.600°E / 46.767; 23.600Coordinates: 46°46′N 23°36′E / 46.767°N 23.600°E / 46.767; 23.600
 
• 1910
5,006 km2 (1,933 sq mi)
Population 
• 1910
286700
History
History 
• Established
11th century
• Treaty of Trianon
4 June 1920
• County recreated (Second Vienna Award)
30 August 1940
• Disestablished
1945
Today part of Romania
Cluj-Napoca is the current name of the capital.

GeographyEdit

 
Map of Kolozs, 1891.

After 1876, Kolozs county shared borders with the Hungarian counties Bihar, Szilágy, Szolnok-Doboka, Beszterce-Naszód, Maros-Torda and Torda-Aranyos. The rivers Crișul Repede and Someșul Mic flowed through the county. Its area was 5,006 km² in 1910.

HistoryEdit

Kolozs county was formed in the 11th century. In 1876, when the administrative structure of Transylvania was changed, the territory of Kolozs was modified and some villages of Doboka County (which was then disbanded) were annexed to it. In 1920, by the Treaty of Trianon, the county became part of Romania. Following the Second Vienna Award, large part of it was retaken by Hungary in 1940 and the county was recreated, however, after World War II it became part of Romania again. Most of the territory of the county lies in the present Romanian county Cluj, some parts of the county are in the present Romanian counties Sălaj (north-west), Bistrița-Năsăud (north-east) and Mureș (south-east).

DemographicsEdit

 
Ethnic map of the county with data of the 1910 census (see the key in the description)
Population by mother tongue[a]
Census Total Romanian Hungarian German Other or unknown
1880[1] 196,307 112,627 (59.31%) 63,005 (33.18%) 7,667 (4.04%) 6,587 (3.47%)
1890[2] 225,199 133,277 (59.18%) 77,271 (34.31%) 8,081 (3.59%) 6,570 (2.92%)
1900[3] 253,656 146,268 (57.66%) 95,626 (37.70%) 9,058 (3.57%) 2,704 (1.07%)
1910[4] 286,687 161,279 (56.26%) 111,439 (38.87%) 8,386 (2.93%) 5,583 (1.95%)
Population by religion[b]
Census Total Greek Catholic Calvinist Eastern Orthodox Roman Catholic Jewish Lutheran Unitarian Other or unknown
1880 196,307 90,265 (45.98%) 44,525 (22.68%) 29,110 (14.83%) 18,016 (9.18%) 4,782 (2.44%) 7,380 (3.76%) 2,083 (1.06%) 146 (0.07%)
1890 225,199 103,681 (46.04%) 51,213 (22.74%) 33,281 (14.78%) 19,972 (8.87%) 6,727 (2.99%) 7,700 (3.42%) 2,515 (1.12%) 110 (0.05%)
1900 253,656 113,136 (44.60%) 58,297 (22.98%) 36,578 (14.42%) 24,821 (9.79%) 9,858 (3.89%) 7,864 (3.10%) 3,020 (1.19%) 82 (0.03%)
1910 286,687 126,217 (44.03%) 65,910 (22.99%) 41,715 (14.55%) 28,427 (9.92%) 12,581 (4.39%) 8,167 (2.85%) 3,331 (1.16%) 339 (0.12%)

SubdivisionsEdit

In the early 20th century, the subdivisions of Kolozs county were:

Districts (járás)
District Capital
  Bánffyhunyad Bánffyhunyad (now Huedin)
  Gyalu Gyalu (now Gilău)
  Hídalmás Hídalmás (now Hida)
  Kolozsvár Kolozsvár (now Cluj)
  Mezőörményes Mezőörményes (now Urmeniș)
  Mocs Mocs (now Mociu)
  Nádasment Kolozsvár (now Cluj)
  Nagysármás Nagysármás (now Sărmașu)
  Teke Teke (now Teaca)
  Urban counties (törvényhatósági jogú város)
Kolozsvár (now Cluj)
Urban districts (rendezett tanácsú város)
Kolozs (now Cojocna)

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Only linguistic communities > 1% are displayed.
  2. ^ Only religious communities > 1% are displayed.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Az 1881. év elején végrehajtott népszámlálás főbb eredményei megyék és községek szerint rendezve, II. kötet (1882)". library.hungaricana.hu. Retrieved 28 September 2021.
  2. ^ "A Magyar Korona országainak helységnévtára (1892)". library.hungaricana.hu. Retrieved 29 September 2021.
  3. ^ "A MAGYAR KORONA ORSZÁGAINAK 1900". library.hungaricana.hu. Retrieved 29 September 2021.
  4. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 29 September 2021.