Kolari is a municipality of Finland at the Swedish border, which follows the Torne River, the longest free-flowing river in Europe.

Kolari
Municipality
Kolarin kunta
Kolari kommun
Lake Kesänki at Ylläs
Lake Kesänki at Ylläs
Coat of arms of Kolari
Location of Kolari in Finland
Location of Kolari in Finland
Coordinates: 67°19′50″N 023°46′40″E / 67.33056°N 23.77778°E / 67.33056; 23.77778Coordinates: 67°19′50″N 023°46′40″E / 67.33056°N 23.77778°E / 67.33056; 23.77778
Country Finland
RegionLapland
Sub-regionFell Lapland
Charter1867
Government
 • Municipal managerHeikki Havanka
Area
 (2018-01-01)[1]
 • Total2,617.87 km2 (1,010.77 sq mi)
 • Land2,558.61 km2 (987.88 sq mi)
 • Water59.15 km2 (22.84 sq mi)
 • Rank21st largest in Finland
Population
 (2021-12-31)[2]
 • Total3,985
 • Rank195th largest in Finland
 • Density1.56/km2 (4.0/sq mi)
Population by native language
 • Finnish98.5% (official)
 • Swedish0.7%
 • Sami0.1%
 • Others0.8%
Population by age
 • 0 to 1415.2%
 • 15 to 6457.6%
 • 65 or older27.1%
Time zoneUTC+02:00 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+03:00 (EEST)
Municipal tax rate[5]20%
Websitewww.kolari.fi

It is located in the region of Lapland. The municipality has a population of 3,985 (31 December 2021)[2] and covers an area of 2,617.87 square kilometres (1,010.77 sq mi) of which 59.15 km2 (22.84 sq mi) is water.[1] The population density is 1.56 inhabitants per square kilometre (4.0/sq mi).

Neighbouring municipalities are Muonio, Pello, Kittilä, Rovaniemi in Finland and Pajala Municipality in Sweden.

The municipality is unilingually Finnish.

Kolari railway station is the northernmost station in Finland.

Ylläs, one of the most popular ski resorts in Finland, is located in Kolari. The area also features the country's largest bog with a thousand-year-old forest.

HistoryEdit

The area was originally inhabited by Sámi people.

The first permanent settler in the area was a Savonian named Pekka Kolari, arriving in the area in the early 1580s. He originated from Konnevesi, which was a part of the Rautalampi parish at the time. The island named Kolarinsaari near the village of Istunmäki was likely his original home, as the Savonian surname Kolari originates from the same island.

The area of Kolari was a part of the Pajala parish, which is in modern Sweden. Kolari started growing in the 17th century due to the nearby Kengis (Köngäs) ironworks established in 1644. Kolari was home to many skilled blacksmiths. Charcoal, tar and chalk were produced and delivered to Tornio.

After Russia gained Finland in 1809, it was transferred to the Turtola parish, modern Pello. As the winter market could no longer be held in Kengis due to the new border, they were held on the island of Kolarinsaari in the Tornio river. Kolari became a chapel community in 1856 and a separate parish in 1894.

[6][7]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Area of Finnish Municipalities 1.1.2018" (PDF). National Land Survey of Finland. Retrieved 30 January 2018.
  2. ^ a b "Preliminary population structure by area, 2021M01*-2021M12*". StatFin (in Finnish). Statistics Finland. Retrieved 2 February 2022.
  3. ^ "Population according to language and the number of foreigners and land area km2 by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 29 March 2009.
  4. ^ "Population according to age (1-year) and sex by area and the regional division of each statistical reference year, 2003–2020". StatFin. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 2 May 2021.
  5. ^ "List of municipal and parish tax rates in 2021" (PDF). Tax Administration of Finland. 1 December 2020. Retrieved 10 April 2021.
  6. ^ "SuomalainenPaikannimikirja_e-kirja_kuvallinen.pdf" (PDF). kaino.kotus.fi (in Finnish). p. 172. Retrieved August 24, 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  7. ^ "Kolarin tarina - Kolarin kunta". kolari.fi (in Finnish). Retrieved August 24, 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)

External linksEdit

  Media related to Kolari at Wikimedia Commons