Kokemäki

Kokemäki (Finnish: [ˈko̞ke̞ˌmæki]; Swedish: Kumo) is a town and municipality in the Satakunta Region of Finland. The town has a population of 6,990 (31 March 2021)[2] and covers an area of 531.27 square kilometres (205.12 sq mi) of which 50.04 km2 (19.32 sq mi) is water.[1] The population density is 14.53 inhabitants per square kilometre (37.6/sq mi).

Kokemäki

Kumo
Town
Kokemäen kaupunki
Kumo stad
An old hotel Seurahuone in Tulkkila, Kokemäki
An old hotel Seurahuone in Tulkkila, Kokemäki
Coat of arms of Kokemäki
Coat of arms
Location of Kokemäki in Finland
Location of Kokemäki in Finland
Coordinates: 61°15.5′N 022°21′E / 61.2583°N 22.350°E / 61.2583; 22.350Coordinates: 61°15.5′N 022°21′E / 61.2583°N 22.350°E / 61.2583; 22.350
Country Finland
RegionSatakunta
Sub-regionPori sub-region
Parish1324
Charter1869
Town privileges1977
Government
 • Town managerReijo Siltala
Area
 (2018-01-01)[1]
 • Total531.27 km2 (205.12 sq mi)
 • Land481.23 km2 (185.80 sq mi)
 • Water50.04 km2 (19.32 sq mi)
Area rank181st largest in Finland
Population
 (2021-03-31)[2]
 • Total6,990
 • Rank133rd largest in Finland
 • Density14.53/km2 (37.6/sq mi)
Population by native language
 • Finnish98.6% (official)
 • Swedish0.1%
 • Others1.3%
Population by age
 • 0 to 1412.8%
 • 15 to 6456.3%
 • 65 or older30.9%
Time zoneUTC+02:00 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+03:00 (EEST)
Municipal tax rate[5]21.75%
ClimateDfc
Websitewww.kokemaki.fi

The 121 kilometres (75 mi) long Kokemäki River (Kokemäenjoki) flows from Lake Liekovesi, in the Pirkanmaa region, through Kokemäki and in to the Gulf of Bothnia at Pori. The Kolsi hydro-electric power plant is located at Kokemäki. Kokemäki River has long been an important waterway, well known for its salmon, whitefish and lamprey.[6]

Finland is constitutionally bi-lingual with a Swedish speaking minority. The municipality is unilingual with the vast majority of the population speaking Finnish. Many, mostly younger, residents are able to understand or speak some English.

According to the town's official website, Kokemäki was granted a town charter in 1869. The municipality of Kauvatsa was merged with Kokemäki in 1969. Kokemäki was granted city status in 1977.[7]

HistoryEdit

It is believed that the Iron Age town of Teljä was located next to the Kokemäenjoki river at Kokemäki.[8] The oldest stone carving yet found in Finland, dated at 8,000 to 9,000 years old, was discovered in nearby Huittinen in 1903. The 10 cm elk's head is in a permanent exhibition at the National Museum of Finland in the capital, Helsinki. Archeological finds from in and around Kokemäki have been dated to the Middle Ages.

Kokemäki is thought to have been founded in the 12th century, maybe even earlier. The Kokemäki parish was established in 1324. While part of the Swedish Empire, the administrative area (slottslän) of Kokemäenkartanon was created in 1331. Kokemäki served as the administrative centre of the historical province of Satakunta until 1634. The Medieval Kokemäki Castle was demolished in 1367.[6]

The medieval trading route of Huovintie goes from Turku, by Kokemäki and the river of Kokemäenjoki. Along the Huovintie were guild houses where travellers could stay overnight. This was located near the Kokemäki church.[6]

The legend states that in 1156 Bishop Henry of Uppsala visited Satakunta on a preaching tour as a part of Eric IX of Sweden's first crusade to Finland. St. Henry's Chapel is a neogothic style brick chapel one kilometre east of the town centre of Kokemäki. The chapel was built in 1857 on the site of a medieval wooden granary which was used by Bishop Henry. It is possible that the original building dates back to between the 12th and 15th century, making it the oldest remaining wooden building in Finland.

The Kokemäki coat of arms depicts the bishop's mitre.

During the Revolution of 1918 some one-hundred-fifty-three individuals were killed in the municipality of Kokemäki.[9]

TransportEdit

The transport system of Finland is well-developed with an extensive road system.

RoadEdit

Highway 2 passes to the south, running from Helsinki to Pori on the Baltic coast; Highway 11 runs from Pori to Nokia only briefly in the northern part of the municipality; and Highway 12 runs from Rauma to Tampere and Nokia, passing through nearby Huittinen.

Helsinki is 205 km or two and a half hours away by car.

According to Open Charge Map, there are two electric vehicle (EV) charging points in Kokemäki with another 55 within a 160 kilometre radius.

The private coach companies OnniBus and ExpressBus operate services to all major towns and regions in Finland.

RailEdit

Finnish trains have a reputation for being spacious, comfortable and clean.

The state-owned rail company VR operates a service between Tampere and Pori, stopping at Kokemäki.

The train station is 3 km to the west of the town centre at Peipohja.[10]

AirEdit

The nearest airport is Pori Airport, which is 43 km or 40 minutes away by Highway 2.

Tampere-Pirkkala Airport is 96 km or an hour and ten minutes away by Highway 12.

Helsinki-Vantaa Airport is two hours and twenty minutes away by Highway 2.

EducationEdit

The Finnish education system is based on comprehensive schooling and is publicly funded.

Kokemäki has six schools offering primary and secondary education. These are; Tuomaala, Tulkkila, Riste, Peipohja, Lahteenmaki and Korkeaoja High School. There is free pre-school education for all children aged 6. The Peipohjan day-care nursery caters for children aged 9 months to 5 years.

There is a special needs Forsby School for children aged 0–9.[11]

Vocational training is provided by Satakunta Training Consortium, known as SATAEDU'[12] and Huittinen Business and Vocational College.

Tourist attractionsEdit

GalleryEdit

   

International relationsEdit

Twin towns – sister citiesEdit

Kokemäki is twinned with:[13]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Area of Finnish Municipalities 1.1.2018" (PDF). National Land Survey of Finland. Retrieved 30 January 2018.
  2. ^ a b "Preliminary population structure by area, 2021M01*-2021M03*". StatFin (in Finnish). Statistics Finland. Retrieved 2 May 2021.
  3. ^ "Population according to language and the number of foreigners and land area km2 by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 29 March 2009.
  4. ^ "Population according to age (1-year) and sex by area and the regional division of each statistical reference year, 2003-2020". StatFin. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 2 May 2021.
  5. ^ "List of municipal and parish tax rates in 2021" (PDF). Tax Administration of Finland. 1 December 2020. Retrieved 10 April 2021.
  6. ^ a b c "Historia - Kokemäen kaupunki". www.kokemaki.fi. Retrieved 23 November 2015.
  7. ^ "Basic information about town of Kokemäki". Kokemaki City Council. Archived from the original on 18 November 2015. Retrieved 17 November 2015.
  8. ^ "Mikä oli Telja? - Kokemäen kaupunki". www.kokemaki.fi. Archived from the original on 21 November 2015. Retrieved 21 November 2015.
  9. ^ Torvinen/Koodipaja, Jarmo. "Suomen sotasurmat 1914-1922". vesta.narc.fi. Retrieved 13 July 2016.
  10. ^ "Liikenne - Kokemäen kaupunki". www.kokemaki.fi. Retrieved 23 November 2015.
  11. ^ "Perusopetus - Kokemäen kaupunki". www.kokemaki.fi. Retrieved 22 November 2015.
  12. ^ "Sataedu Kokemäki, Suoratie 1 | Sataedu". sataedu.fi. Archived from the original on 24 November 2015. Retrieved 23 November 2015.
  13. ^ "Ystävyyskuntatoiminta Kokemäen kaupungissa". kokemaki.fi (in Finnish). Kokemäki. Retrieved 8 December 2019.

External linksEdit

  Media related to Kokemäki at Wikimedia Commons