Open main menu

Steve Goodman, known as Kode9 (born 1973) is a Scottish electronic music artist, DJ, and founder of the Hyperdub record label.[1] Initially inspired by what he calls the "hardcore continuum" of British dance music, he was one of the founding members of the early dubstep scene with the late MC and former collaborator The Spaceape. He has released three full-length albums: Memories of the Future (2006) and Black Sun (2011), both with The Spaceape, and Nothing (2015).

Kode9-spaceape (cropped).jpg
Kode9 and The Spaceape performing at MUTEK
Background information
Birth nameSteve Goodman
Born1973 (age 45–46)
Glasgow, Scotland
GenresElectronica, dubstep, future garage
Occupation(s)Musician, record label owner, remixer, DJ
InstrumentsSynthesizer, sampler, mixing desk, turntables, bass guitar
Years active1991–present
Associated actsThe Spaceape

As owner of Hyperdub, Goodman has signed artists such as Burial, DJ Rashad, Zomby, and Fatima Al Qadiri. Goodman has a Ph.D. in philosophy from the University of Warwick and has published a book, Sonic Warfare: Sound, Affect, and the Ecology of Fear.

Early careerEdit

As well as many dubstep artists, Kode9 comes from a musical background of oldschool jungle, drum and bass and 2-step garage; he has mentioned his first encounter with jungle, in Edinburgh, as being "the most important musical event of my life".[2] Other genres that are common influences in his work include dub, dancehall (such as toasting), and Indian music. A move to Warwick and collaboration with the Cybernetic Culture Research Unit at University of Warwick studying rave culture, cybernetics, postmodernism and afrofuturism later led to a memetic philosophy regarding music, which he has spoken about at length in interviews. In the late nineties, Kode9 moved to London, and established a name as a disc jockey in clubs such as FWD>>.[citation needed]

Current workEdit

In 2004, Kode9 appeared on the second grime compilation on Rephlex records.[3] Journalist Derek Walmsley described Kode9's track "Ping":

sample libraries have been plundered for accordions, bells and musique concrète effects reminiscent of the BBC Radiophonic Workshop, and they are scattered in a beguilingly serene manner that recalls Wu-Tang Productions.[3]

That same year, Kode9 founded Hyperdub records; the first release was Sine of the Dub, a collaboration between Kode9 and Daddy Gee, which was a minimal, loose cover version of Prince's "Sign "O" the Times". Kode9 treated the vocals to fit his idea of their delivery by "a man on his deathbed".[4] Subsequent releases established the label as an important and influential label within the dubstep genre. Hyperdub have since released records such as Burial's self-titled debut album, which The Wire magazine named their number one album of 2006.[5]

Goodman has a Ph.D in philosophy[6] from the University of Warwick and has also worked in academia.[7] As of 2006 he was working at the University of East London as a lecturer in media production, and course tutor for a master's program in sonic culture and taught several musicians and DJs such as Pixel 82 & Shem Booth-Spain sound/music theory and production.[7][8][9] In December 2009, his Sonic Warfare: Sound, Affect, and the Ecology of Fear, a book exploring the uses of acoustic force and how it affects whole populations was published by MIT Press.[10] The book also explores how sound can be deployed to set moods of dread and fear, how sound can be used as torture, as a weapon and as a threat.


Studio albumsEdit

  • Memories of the Future - Hyperdub, 2006 (with The Spaceape)
  • Black Sun - Hyperdub, 2011 (with The Spaceape)
  • Nothing - Hyperdub, 2015

DJ MixesEdit

  • DJ Kicks - Hyperdub, 2010
  • Rinse:22 - Rinse, 2013
  • Fabriclive 100 (with Burial) - Fabric London, 2018

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ IMO Records. "Kode9 Biography", IMO Records Retrieved on 25 June 2012.
  2. ^ Invisible Jukebox, The Wire no. 269, July 2006
  3. ^ a b Derek Walmsley, "Dubstep", The Wire Primers: A Guide to Modern Music, ed. Rob Young, London: Verso, 2009, p. 89.
  4. ^ Derek Walmsley, "Dubstep", The Wire Primers: A Guide to Modern Music, ed. Rob Young, London: Verso, 2009, p. 92
  5. ^ Rewind 2006, The Wire no. 275, January 2007.
  6. ^ PhD Thesis: "Turbulence: a cartography of postmodern violence"
  7. ^ a b School of Humanities and Social Sciences
  8. ^ Kode9.(Music) - Artforum International - Questia Online Library
  9. ^ Sonic Culture
  10. ^ Sonic Warfare: Sound, Affect, and the Ecology of Fear catalogue description at MIT Press

External linksEdit