Knettishall Heath

Knettishall Heath is a 91.7 hectare biological Site of Special Scientific Interest west of Knettishall in Suffolk.[1][2] A larger area of 176 hectares is the Knettishall Heath Nature Reserve, which is managed by the Suffolk Wildlife Trust.[3]

Knettishall Heath
Site of Special Scientific Interest
Knettishall Heath Country Park - geograph.org.uk - 32235.jpg
LocationSuffolk
Grid referenceTL 951 804[1]
InterestBiological
Area91.7 hectares[1]
Notification1984[1]
Location mapMagic Map

Despite its name, Knettishall Heath is in fact a diverse mosaic of habitats with woodland and riverside meadows, as well as large areas of heath[4].

EcologyEdit

The site is heath and grassland, mainly on acidic soils, with areas of secondary woodland and wet hollows. There are heathland plants such as sheep's sorrel, tormentil, harebell, ling and heath bedstraw, while wet areas have fen vegetation including water mint and yellow iris.[5]

Rare speciesEdit

Of the more than 12,500 species living in the Brecks, 30% are nationally rare. The heath is home to the rare grey carpet moth which is only found in Breckland, and the lunar yellow underwing moth. Seven bat species are found at Knettishall, including the nationally scarce barbastelle bat.

Exmoor poniesEdit

In 2013, a five-year funded project to restore lowland heath at the nature reserve began. As part of this project, 19 wild Exmoor ponies have roamed and grazed the land, helping other species to thrive. The 'Vision for the Future' project was funded by the Heritage Lottery Fund and WREN - a not-for-profit organisation that offers grants for heritage and biodiversity schemes.

 
Exmoor pony grazing heath

The shrinkage of heathland has been caused partially by a decline in rabbits grazing; rabbit populations have been decimated by myxomatosis and more recently rabbit haemorrhagic disease (RHD). The addition of ponies grazing the heathland looks to reverse this shrinkage[6].

ArchaeologyEdit

An 18th century rabbit warren and a Bronze Age burial mound at Hut Hill are evidence of thousands of years of human occupation in the area.

At the western end of the heath, ‘patterned ground’ shows evidence of the last ice age. Repeated freezing and thawing of ground created a unique mix of the sandy soil and the underlying chalk. Unusual vegetation stripes reflect the two soil types, and the different plants that grow in each[7].

FootpathsEdit

It is the site where four long-distance footpaths meet: Angles Way, Icknield Way, Iceni Way and Peddars Way (part of the Norfolk Coast Path, a National Trail). The Icknield Way joins with the Peddars Way at the end of its 110 miles (180 km) journey from Ivinghoe Beacon in Buckinghamshire. The Icknield Way trail, a multi-user route for walkers, horse riders and off-road cyclists also joins with the Peddars Way riders route[8].

The Hereward Way ends nearby in East Harling, and it linked to Knettishall Heath by path.

AccessEdit

There are several access points to the heathland, most found off the road between Knettishall and Rushford villages. The main car park for the area can be found on an unnamed road (informally known as Heath Road) off Spalding's Chair Hill.

The A1066 passes within a mile or two of the heathland, where it runs from Thetford to Garboldisham.

GalleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d "Designated Sites View: Knettishall Heath". Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 25 May 2017.
  2. ^ "Map of Knettishall Heath". Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 25 May 2017.
  3. ^ "Knettishall Heath". Suffolk Wildlife Trust. Retrieved 25 May 2017.
  4. ^ "Knettishall Heath Nature Reserve". Suffolk Wildlife Trust.
  5. ^ "Knettishall Heath citation" (PDF). Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 25 May 2017.
  6. ^ "Ponies and people work in unison to establish a wildlife legacy at Knettishall Heath". East Anglian Daily Times.
  7. ^ "Knettishall Heath Nature Reserve". Suffolk Wildlife Trust.
  8. ^ "Icknield Way Trail". www.IcknieldWayTrail.org.uk. Retrieved 5 April 2016.

Coordinates: 52°23′17″N 0°52′01″E / 52.388°N 0.867°E / 52.388; 0.867