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Knaphill is an urban village in Surrey, England. To the east is Woking, to the west is Aldershot, while to the south and north on the A322 – which forms its effective western border – are Brookwood, and Bisley, respectively. Some of the village is set on a hill, hence the name. Knaphill has a cricket team formed in 2015. The team's home games are played at Waterers Park with an annual charity match in August. The club play against local teams such as Brookwood CC and Byfleet CC.

Knaphill - - 45667.jpg
Knaphill high street
Knaphill is located in Surrey
Location within Surrey
Population8,635 [1]
OS grid referenceSU965587
Shire county
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townWoking
Postcode districtGU21
Dialling code01483
AmbulanceSouth East Coast
EU ParliamentSouth East England
UK Parliament
List of places
51°19′09″N 0°37′00″W / 51.319149°N 0.61663°W / 51.319149; -0.61663Coordinates: 51°19′09″N 0°37′00″W / 51.319149°N 0.61663°W / 51.319149; -0.61663


The village name was first recorded in 1225 as La Cnappe. Since then there have been various spellings of the name including 'Nap Hill, Naphill and Knap Hill.

In 958 A.D., the village was probably part of land granted to Westminster Abbey; there is clear ownership by 1278. The land passed to Henry VIII on the dissolution of the monasteries in the 1530s.

The Basingstoke Canal was built to the south of Knaphill in 1794 and the railway line came in 1838. In 1859, a prison was built in Knaphill. This was later converted into army barracks.[2]


Knaphill has three schools: Knaphill Lower School, Knaphill Junior School and St John's Primary School.

Theatre company Peer Productions is based at the Woking Youth Arts Centre in Knaphill, providing drama training and workshops for students of all ages. WYAC was previously known as Trinity Studios, and is famous as being the birthplace of the Spice Girls and the boy band 5ive

Local pubs include The Garibaldi, The Nags Head, The Royal Oak which dates back to the 17th century,The Anchor formerly a hotel and Crown Inn on the high street. The village has a residents' association.[3] The nearest railway stations are at Brookwood and at Woking.

Sport and leisureEdit

Knaphill has a Non-League football club Knaphill F.C. who play at 'Redding Way', The Brookwood Country Park Football Ground

Knaphill Cricket Club plays at Waterers Park and was established in 2015. The club welcomes people aged 16+ of all abilities. Knaphill had a Men's team till the early 1990s and a new team was formed in 2015. Up until the late 1930s Knaphill also had a women's team.

Knaphill is home to Mizens Railway, a 7 1/4 in gauge railway run by volunteer members of the Woking Miniature Railway Society (WRMS). It is open most summer Sundays from 2pm until 5pm.

Brookwood HospitalEdit

One of the major employers in the area until its closure in the 1990s was Brookwood Hospital, a vast, rambling mental hospital that dated from the late Victorian era. Built on land formerly known as Knaphill Common, the hospital started life as The Surrey Asylum and formed part of the southern boundary of Knaphill (being denoted by the Basingstoke Canal).

Its name was changed to Brookwood Hospital in 1919 to make it easier for patients and visitors travelling by rail to Brookwood Station to locate. Most of the hospital grounds have now been redeveloped, the wards having made way for several superstores and a large number of houses. The central building, which is listed, has been retained and converted into luxury flats. Several of the new residential roads were named after the old hospital wards.

Inkerman BarracksEdit

Surviving housing (originally built for prison officers) on Raglan Terrace.

In 1859 the Home Office began constructing a prison for disabled convicts on a 65-acre site in Knaphill. Woking Convicts Prison received its first male inmates the following year (construction was still ongoing and the convicts took over much of the work). By 1870 there was both a men's and a women's prison on the site, accommodating 613 inmates between them.

In the 1890s, however, the prisoners were moved out to make room for the Army and the site was renamed Inkerman Barracks. A variety of regiments were accommodated over the ensuing years and during World War I the barracks served as a military hospital. After the Second World War it became a depot for the Royal Military Police. In the 1970s, however, the site was sold to Woking Borough Council and comprehensive demolition followed; a couple of terraces of houses are all that remain today.[4]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Census
  2. ^ Local history
  3. ^ Knaphill Residents' Association
  4. ^ "Inkerman Barracks" (PDF). Royal Military Police Association. Retrieved 12 May 2017.

External linksEdit

  Media related to Knaphill at Wikimedia Commons