Kluane National Park and Reserve
Kluane National Park and Reserve (//; French: Parc national et réserve de parc national de Kluane) are two units of Canada's national park system in the southwest corner of the territory of Yukon. It is near the Alaskan border. Kluane National Park Reserve was established in 1972, covering 22,013 square kilometres (8,499 square miles).
|Kluane National Park and Reserve|
|Nearest city||Haines Junction|
|Area||22,013 km2 (8,499 sq mi)|
|Governing body||Parks Canada|
|UNESCO World Heritage Site|
|Part of||Kluane / Wrangell-St. Elias / Glacier Bay / Tatshenshini-Alsek|
|Criteria||Natural: (vii), (viii), (ix), (x)|
|Inscription||1979 (3rd Session)|
The Reserve includes the highest mountain in Canada, Mount Logan (5,959 metres or 19,551 feet) of the Saint Elias Mountains. Mountains and glaciers dominate the park's landscape, covering 83% of its area. The rest of the land in the park is forest and tundra—east of the largest mountains and glaciers—where the climate is colder and drier than in the western and southern parts of the park. Trees grow only at the park's lowest elevations. The primary tree species are white spruce, balsam poplar and trembling aspen.
A day-use area with boat launch, picnic facilities and campground is located at Kathleen Lake, and is operated from mid-May to mid-September. Hiking is a popular activity on trails such as St. Elias Lake, Mush Lake Road, Shorty Creek, Cottonwood, Rock Glacier, King's Throne, Kokanee, Auriol, Dezadeash River Trail, Alsek Trail, Sheep Creek Trail, Bullion Plateau Trail, Slims West or Soldiers Summit. Rafting on the Alsek River (a Canadian Heritage river), mountain biking on old mining roads, horseback riding through the Alsek Pass, boating on Kathleen Lake and Mush Lake as well as fishing for lake trout, Arctic grayling, rainbow trout, northern pike and sockeye salmon are also among activities available in the park.
Mammalian species that inhabit this park include northwestern wolf, bear, coyote, mink, lynx, river otter, caribou, moose, muskrat, snowshoe hare, marmot, red fox, Dall sheep, beaver, wolverine, mountain goat, and arctic ground squirrel. This park contains about 120 species of birds, including the rock ptarmigan and the golden and bald eagles.
World Heritage SiteEdit
The bi-national Kluane-Wrangell-St. Elias-Glacier Bay-Tatshenshini-Alsek park system comprising Kluane, Wrangell-St Elias, Glacier Bay and Tatshenshini-Alsek parks, was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1979 for the spectacular glacier and icefield landscapes as well as for the importance of grizzly bears, caribou and Dall sheep habitat.
In a 2009 census of the Kluane herd, there were 181 northern mountain caribou, a distinct ecotype of caribou.
First Nations presenceEdit
Kluane National Park lies within the traditional territories of the Champagne and Aishihik First Nations and Kluane First Nation who have a long history of living in this region. Through their respective Final Agreements with the Canadian Government, they have made into law their rights to harvest in this region.
- "Kluane National Park and Reserve of Canada". Parks Canada. Retrieved 2015-07-30.
- "Kluane National Park and Reserve of Canada: Fact Sheet". Parks Canada. Retrieved 2015-07-30.
- Parks Canada (July 2006). "Kluane National Park and Reserve of Canada Activities". Retrieved 2007-04-18.
- Speakers' Spotlight – Robert F. Kennedy Jr. Journeys To The Yukon To Visit Mount Kennedy. Speakers.ca. Retrieved 2013-09-27.
- Hegel, Troy; Russell, Kyle (2010), Aishihik and Kluane Northern Mountain Caribou Herds Census, 2009 (PDF) (SR-10–02), Yukon Government, retrieved 2014-12-17