Kloosterburen

Kloosterburen is a village in the Dutch province of Groningen. It is located in the municipality of Het Hogeland. The village developed around a monastery. Kloosterburen was a separate municipality until 1990, when it was merged with Leens, Ulrum and Eenrum. During the combining of the four municipalities they were called 'de LEUK gemeenten'.[4] In 2019, it became part of Het Hogeland.[5]

Kloosterburen
Village library
Village library
Kloosterburen is located in Groningen (province)
Kloosterburen
Kloosterburen
Location of Kloosterburen in Groningen
Kloosterburen is located in Netherlands
Kloosterburen
Kloosterburen
Kloosterburen (Netherlands)
Coordinates: 53°23′10″N 6°23′26″E / 53.38611°N 6.39056°E / 53.38611; 6.39056Coordinates: 53°23′10″N 6°23′26″E / 53.38611°N 6.39056°E / 53.38611; 6.39056
CountryNetherlands
ProvinceGroningen
MunicipalityHet Hogeland
Establishedc. 1175
Area
 • Total32.24 km2 (12.45 sq mi)
Elevation1 m (3 ft)
Population
 (2021)[1]
 • Total1,430
 • Density44/km2 (110/sq mi)
Postal code
9977
Dialing code0595[3]

HistoryEdit

Around 1175, a monastery was established by Taco, a Premonstratensian from Mariëngaarde [nl]. In 1204, the monastery was named Oldeklooster [nl] after Nijeklooster, a convent was established at a distance of 15 minutes by foot.[6][7]: 12  A village developed around Oldeklooster which was named Kloosterburen.[8] At the end of the 16th century, Nijeklooster was destroyed by the Protestants.[9] Oldeklooster was closed, and the church became Dutch Reformed, however Oldeklooster is one of the two monasteries which still exist in Groningen.[7]: 12 

A large part of the population remained Roman Catholic, and in 1840 permission was given to re-establish a parish. The neo-gothic Saint Willibrord Church was built in 1868–69 by Pierre Cuypers.[6] The church has a 56 metres (184 ft) tall tower.[5] Kloosterburen is the most northern place in the Netherlands to celebrate Carnival as Kronkeldörp.[10][5] From 1926 to 1970, the Roosendaal brothers of the Sacred Heart lived and worked in a Kloosterburen convent, which was converted into Hotel Het Klooster in 1970.[11]

In 2011, the public library closed down. The village community bought the inventory, and operates a free of charge village library.[5] Kloosterburen was an independent municipality until 1990, when it merged into De Marne. In 2019, it became part of Het Hogeland.[5]

Notable peopleEdit

GalleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Kerncijfers wijken en buurten 2021". Central Bureau Statistics. Retrieved 3 March 2022.
  2. ^ "Postcodetool for 9977PP". Actueel Hoogtebestand Nederland (in Dutch). Het Waterschapshuis. Retrieved 3 March 2022.
  3. ^ "Netnummer 0595". Netnummer (in Dutch). Retrieved 3 March 2022.
  4. ^ Ad van der Meer and Onno Boonstra, Repertorium van Nederlandse gemeenten, KNAW, 2011.
  5. ^ a b c d e "Kloosterburen". Plaatsengids (in Dutch). Retrieved 3 March 2022.
  6. ^ a b Redmer Alma (1998). Kloosterburen (in Dutch). Zwolle: Waanders Uitgevers. p. 148. ISBN 90 400 9258 3. Retrieved 3 March 2022.
  7. ^ a b M.J. Gasman (1910). Parochie Den Hoorn (in Dutch). Retrieved 3 March 2022.
  8. ^ P.J. Blok (1923). Geschiedkundige atlas van Nederland (in Dutch). The Hague: Nijhoff. pp. 33–34.
  9. ^ "Tussen Damsterdiep en Fivelboezoem" (PDF). Noorderbreedte (in Dutch). p. 4. Retrieved 3 March 2022.
  10. ^ "Carnaval kan losbarsten". Nieuwsblad van het Noorden (in Dutch). 24 February 1990. Retrieved 3 March 2022.
  11. ^ Inder Bugarin (November 23, 2003). "Modifica Holanda el uso de templos". Internacional. Reforma (Mexico) (in Spanish). p. 4. Retrieved March 22, 2012.
  12. ^ "Tammens, Sietje (1914-2014)". Huygens Institute for the History of the Netherlands (in Dutch). Retrieved 8 July 2020.

External linksEdit