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Kiyose (清瀬市 Kiyose-shi) is a city located in Tokyo Metropolis, Japan. As of 1 February 2016[update], the city had an estimated population of 74,495, and a population density of 7280 persons per km². Its total area is 10.23 square kilometres (3.95 sq mi).
Location of Kiyose in Tokyo Metropolis
|• Total||10.23 km2 (3.95 sq mi)|
|• Density||7,280/km2 (18,900/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)|
|- Tree||Zelkova serrata|
|- Flower||Camellia sasanqua|
|- Bird||Azure-winged magpie|
|Address||5-842 Nakasato, Kiyose-shi, Tokyo-to 204-8511|
Kiyose City is roughly in the shape of a wedge, bordered by Saitama Prefecture to the north, east and south. The city has a lot of green tracts, with around 46% of its area remaining rural.
Kiyose is located on a tableland about 15 km from the northeastern edge of Musashino Plateau. The area measures 6.5 km northeast to southwest and 2 km northwest to southeast, with the west side slightly higher than the east. Average altitude above sea level ranges from 65m at Takeoka in the west to 20m at Shitajuku in the northeastern side. The city area is mostly diluvial soil except for a small area of alluvial soil by Yanase River, which runs on the edge of the region. Loamy and conglomerate layers are piled up around a housing estate near the river.
Archaeologists have found evidence of human settlement in the Kiyose area dating from over 20 thousand years ago, during the last glacial maximum. During the Muromachi period, the area came under the control of Oishi Nobushige (大石 信重) from Saku, Shinano (now Nagano Prefecture). The Oishi clan constructed Taki-no-Jo Castle, but it was lost during battles with Toyotomi Hideyoshi.
The modern village of Kiyose was created within Kitatama District, Kanagawa by the merger of the hamlets of Kamikiyoto (上清戸), Nakakiyoto (中清戸), Shimokiyoto (下清戸), Kiyotoshitajuku (清戸下宿), Nakazato (中里), and Noshio (野塩) with the establishment of the municipalities system on April 1, 1889.
In 1893, Kitatama was transferred from Kanagawa to Tokyo.
In 1954, Kiyose was elevated to town status. On October 1, 1970 Kiyose was elevated to city status.
Kiyose is largely a bedroom community, with over a third of its workforce commuting to central Tokyo every day. However, approximately 40% of the city’s land area remains classified as agricultural, with spinach and carrots as the main crops.
Kiyose is not served by any national highways.
- Kiyose Suitengū (水天宮) Shrine