Moscow Kiyevsky railway station

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Kiyevsky railway terminal (Russian: Ки́евский вокза́л, Kievskiy vokzal) also known as Moscow Kiyevskaya railway station (Russian: Москва́-Ки́евская, Moskva-Kievskaya) is one of the nine railway terminals of Moscow, Russia. It is the only railway station in Moscow to have a frontage on the Moskva River. The station is located at the Square of Europe, in the beginning of Bolshaya Dorogomilovskaya Street in Dorogomilovo District of Moscow. A hub of the Moscow Metro is located nearby.

Moscow Kiyevsky
Moscow Railway terminal
Киевский вокзал в Москве.jpg
View of the main facade from Europe Square
Location1, Kiyevskogo Vokzala sq.
Moscow
Russia
Coordinates55°44′35″N 37°34′02″E / 55.743056°N 37.567222°E / 55.743056; 37.567222
Line(s)Kiev Line
Platforms>10
Tracks>10
Connections
Buses: 91, 91к, 119, 157, 205, 266, 320, 394, 474, 791, 840, м17, т7, т34, т39, т39к,[1] Regional: 454, 477[2]
Construction
Structure typeHeritage
ParkingYes
Bicycle facilitiesYes
ArchitectIvan Rerberg, Vyacheslav Oltarzhevsky
Chief Engineer: Vladimir Shukhov
Other information
Station code198103
Fare zone0
History
Opened1899
Rebuilt1918, 1936, 1945, 2004, 2013
Services
Preceding station Russian Railways Logo.svg Russian Railways Following station
Terminus Kiyevsky Suburban Moskva-Sortirovochnaya-Kiyevskaya
towards Kaluga-2
Preceding station Aeroexpress Following station
Aeroport Vnukovo to Kiyevskaya Terminus
Location
Moscow Kiyevsky is located in Moscow Ring Road
Moscow Kiyevsky
Moscow Kiyevsky
Location within Moscow Ring Road

As the name suggests, there are regular services to Kyiv (Kiev). There used to be regular services to Belgrade, Zagreb, Varna, Bucharest, Sofia, Niš, Budapest, Prague, Vienna and Venice as well. 15-20 years ago, all these trains were canceled, some were transferred to the Belorussky railway station.

History and designEdit

The station was built between 1914 and 1918 in the Byzantine Revival style, which is especially pronounced in the 51 m-high (167 ft) clocktower. Originally named the Bryansk station, it was designed by Ivan Rerberg and Vladimir Shukhov, and is considered an important landmark of architecture and engineering of the time.[3]

The station building is flanked by a gigantic train shed which is distinguished by its simplicity and constructive boldness. The platforms are covered by a massive glazed parabolic structure (length 321 metres (1,053 ft), width 47.9 metres (157 ft), height 30 m (98 ft)) weighing over 1250 tons. Its open-work steel trusses are clearly visible, and they demonstrate the elegance of the grandiose building.[4][5]

Trains and destinationsEdit

Directions and countriesEdit

Land Places
Russia Adler, Anapa, Belgorod, Bryansk, Yeysk, Klimovo, Novozybkov, Saint-Petersburg, Stary Oskol
Ukraine1 Dnipro, Kyiv, Lviv, Mykolaiv, Odessa, Kryvyi Rih
Moldova1 Chișinău

1in connection with the spread of coronavirus infection, restrictions have been introduced when crossing state borders. These trains are temporarily canceled until further notice[6]

Suburban destinationsEdit

Suburban commuter trains (elektrichka) connect Kiyevsky station with stations and platforms of the Kiyevsky suburban railway line, in particular with the towns of Aprelevka, Nara, Balabanovo, Obninsk, Maloyaroslavets and Kaluga-I.[7]

Vnukovo International Airport connectionsEdit

Kiyevsky station is connected to Vnukovo International Airport by Aeroexpress trains, which are not operated by Russian Railways, though they use the same tracks.[8]

NotesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Bronovitskaya, Natalia (2015). Architectural monuments of Moscow (1933-1941) (in Russian). 10. Moscow: «Искусство - XXI век». p. 320. ISBN 978-5-98051-121-0.
  • English, Elizabeth (2000). ""Arkhitektura i mnimosti": The origins of Soviet avant-garde rationalist architecture in the Russian mystical -philosophical and mathematical intellectual tradition". University of Pennsylvania, ProQuest Dissertations Publishing: 235.
  • Rainer Graefe, “Vladimir G. Suchov 1853-1939. Die Kunst der sparsamen Konstruktion”, 192 S., Deutsche Verlags-Anstalt, Stuttgart, 1990, ISBN 3-421-02984-9.
  • Fausto Giovannardi,"Vladimir G. Shukhov e la leggerezza dell’acciaio", Borgo San Lorenzo, 2007. (in Italian)
  • Е. М. Шухова, «Владимир Григорьевич Шухов. Первый инженер России.», 368 стр., МГТУ, Москва, 2003, ISBN 5-7038-2295-5.

External linksEdit