Kitsos Tzavelas

Kitsos (Kyriakos) Tzavelas (Greek: Κυριάκος (Κίτσος) Τζαβέλας; 1800–1855) was a Greek fighter in the Greek War of Independence and later Greek Army General and Prime Minister of Greece.

Kitsos Tzavelas
Κίτσος Τζαβέλλας. Λιθογραφία. K. Krazeisen..jpg
Kitsos Tzavelas, portrait by Karl Krazeisen
Prime Minister of Greece
In office
September 5, 1847 – March 4, 1848
Preceded byIoannis Kolettis
Succeeded byGeorgios Kountouriotis
Personal details
Souli, Epirus, Ottoman empire
DiedMarch 21, 1855 (aged 55)
Athens, Greece
Political partyRussian Party

Early years and Greek War of IndependenceEdit

Tzavelas was born in Souli, Epirus in 1800. the son of Fotos Tzavelas and grandson of Lambros Tzavelas, both of whom were famous for their roles in the Souliot struggles against Ali Pasha, the Pasha of Yanina. He grew up in exile in Kerkyra. He played a leading role in the Greek War of Independence in 1821, alongside Georgios Karaiskakis, distinguishing himself especially during the siege of Messolonghi. After the arrival in Greece of Ioannis Kapodistrias, during the latter part of the war, Tzavelas was responsible for liberating a large part of Central Greece. He was a long-time rival of fellow Souliot Markos Botsaris.

After IndependenceEdit

After Independence, Tzavelas became a supporter of Kapodistrias and eventually a leader in the Russian Party which was the conservative and arch-Orthodox political faction in the period of King Otto. Accused of planning a revolt against the king in 1834, Tzavelas was imprisoned by the Regency Council along with other politicians of the Russian Party. When King Otto reached the age of majority and took over the reins of government, Tzavelas was released and later was named aide-de-camp to the king.

He was subsequently appointed Minister of War in 1844 and, in 1847-1848, Prime Minister. In February 1854 he became the leader of the Epirus revolt, with the revolutionaries demanding union with Greece.[1] Kitsos Tzavelas died in Athens on March 21, 1855.

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Baumgart Winfried. Englische Akten zur Geschichte des Krimkriegs. Oldenbourg Wissenschaftsverlag, 2006. ISBN 978-3-486-57597-2, p. 262


  • John A. Petropulos; Politics and Statecraft in the Kingdom of Greece; Princeton University Press, 1968
Preceded by
Ioannis Kolettis
Prime Minister of Greece
17 September 1847 – 19 March 1848
Succeeded by
Georgios Kountouriotis