Kiprijan Račanin (Serbian Cyrillic: Кипријан Рачанин, Cyprian of Rača; c. 1650–1730) was a Serbian writer and monk who founded a copyist school (Scriptorium) in Szentendre, just like the one he left behind in Serbia -- School of Rača -- at the commencement of the Great Turkish War in 1689.
It was, incidentally, in the small wooden church, dedicated to the Evangelist Luke, that the Szentenedre Scriptorium and printing office came into being; among the monk-scribes Kiprijan Račanin, Gavrilo Trojičanin, Jerotej Račanin, Čirjak Račanin, Hristifor Račanin, Teodor Račanin, and Gavril Stefanović Venclović, Kiprijan's student, were especially well-known.
Very little is known about him. He was very humble and would not reveal his true identity—Kiprijan is an adopted ecclesiastical name that he assumed when he entered the monastic cloister. When he writes he is self-defacing and even demeaning to himself: "great sinner"; "useless"; "narrow-minded"; and "mad". He even hides his origin and place of birth: "otečestvo mi zemlja, mati že grob", my paternity's my land; mother's my grave.
We know, however, that he took orders at the Rača monastery and became a monk-scribe. During the Great Turkish War of 1689-1699 he left central Serbia for Serbian territories up north, bordering Hungary. In Zenta he remained for a while, joining the Christian frey against the Turks in the Battle of Zenta. With Arsenije III Čarnojević he came to settle in Szentendre, where he began to make a name for himself as the dean of a scriptorium, a diligent copyist of manuscripts and books, and writer of one of the early Serbian primers called Bukvar in 1717, an adaptation of a Primer by Russian writer Fedor Polikarpov-Orlov (1660-1731).
- Liturgical writings
- Čirjak Račanin (1660–1731), Serbian Orthodox monk and writer
- Jerotej Račanin (1650–1727), Serbian Orthodox monk and writer
- Teodor Račanin (1500–1560), Serbian Orthodox monk and writer
- Simeon Račanin (fl. 1676–1700), Serbian Orthodox monk and writer
- Hristifor Račanin (1595–1670), Serbian Orthodox monk and writer
- Prohor Račanin, Serbian Orthodox monk
- Gavrilo Stefanović Venclović
- Grigorije Račanin (fl. 1739), Serbian writer
- Jovan Skerlić, Istorija nove srpske književnosti (Belgrade, 1914, 1921) pages 26–27
- Translated and adapted from Serbian Wikipedia: Кипријан Рачанин
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