Kinross and Western Perthshire (UK Parliament constituency)
Kinross and Western (or West) Perthshire was a county constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1918 until 1983, representing, at any one time, a seat for one Member of Parliament (MP), elected by the first past the post system of election.
|Kinross and Western Perthshire|
|Former County constituency|
for the House of Commons
|Subdivisions of Scotland||County of Kinross|
County of Perth
|Number of members||one|
|Replaced by||Perth & Kinross, Stirling, Tayside North and Clackmannan|
|Created from||West Perthshire and Clackmannanshire and Kinross-shire|
The constituency was first defined by the Representation of the People Act 1918, and first used in the 1918 general election, as one of two county constituencies covering the county of Kinross and the county of Perth. The other was the Perth constituency.
Prior to the 1918 election the county of Kinross was covered, nominally, by Clackmannanshire and Kinross-shire, which also covered, nominally, the county of Clackmannan, and the county of Perth was covered, nominally, by Eastern Perthshire, Perth (as a burgh constituency) and Western Perthshire. Constituency boundaries were defined in terms of the Representation of the People (Scotland) Act 1832 and the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 and, by these terms, five detached parishes of the county of Perth and one detached parish of the county of Stirling were within the Clackmannanshire and Kinross-shire constituency. Also, by 1918, for local government purposes, under legislation dating from 1889, county boundaries throughout most of Scotland had been redrawn, and detached parishes had become generally historic.
The Representation of the People Act 1918 took account of new local government boundaries in definitions of new constituency boundaries, and the Kinross and Western Perthshire constituency was defined as covering the county of Kinross and the Central, Highland and Western districts of the county of Perth, including the county of Perth burghs of Aberfeldy, Auchterarder, Callander, Crieff, Doune and Dunblane.
For the 1950 general election, as a result of the House of Commons (Redistribution of Seats) Act 1949, the Perth constituency became Perth and East Perthshire, but boundaries were unaltered. 1950 names and boundaries were used also for the general elections of 1951, 1955, 1959, 1964, 1966 and 1970. This also applied to the by-election of late 1963, when newly elected prime minister Sir Alec Douglas-Home won the seat after renouncing his peerage in order to rejoin the House of Commons.
For the February 1974 general election, as a result of the Second Periodical Review of the Boundary Commission, there were minor alterations to the boundaries of the Kinross and West Perthshire constituency and the Perth and East Perthshire constituency. Kinross and West Perthshire was defined as covering the county of Kinross and the Central, Highland and Western districts of the county of Perth, including the county of Perth burghs of Aberfeldy, Auchterarder, Callander, Crieff, Doune, Dunblane and Pitlochry.
In 1975, under the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1973, counties and burghs throughout Scotland had been abolished in favour of regions and districts and islands council areas. The county of Kinross and most of the county of Perth had been merged into the Tayside region. The burghs of Callander, Doune, and Dunblane in the county of Perth, the Perth parish of Muckhart and the Western district of the county (except the electoral division of Ardoch) had been merged into the Central region.
New constituency boundaries, taking account of new local government boundaries, were adopted for the 1983 general election. Constituencies defined to cover the Tayside region included Perth and Kinross, and constituencies designed to cover the Central region included Stirling.
Members of ParliamentEdit
|1923||The Duchess of Atholl||Unionist|
|1938 by-election||William McNair Snadden||Unionist|
|1963 by-election||Sir Alec Douglas-Home||Conservative|
|October 1974||Sir Nicholas Fairbairn||Conservative|
|1983||Constituency abolished: see Perth and Kinross|
Elections in the 1910sEdit
|Liberal win (new seat)|
|C indicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.|
Elections in the 1920sEdit
|National Liberal||James Gardiner||Unopposed|
|National Liberal hold|
|Unionist||Katharine Stewart-Murray, Duchess of Atholl||9,235||50.4||N/A|
|Unionist gain from Liberal||Swing||N/A|
|Unionist||Katharine Stewart-Murray, Duchess of Atholl||13,565||72.0||+21.6|
|Unionist||Katharine Stewart-Murray, Duchess of Atholl||12,245||48.6||−23.4|
|Liberal||George Freeland Barbour||9,128||36.2||N/A|
Elections in the 1930sEdit
|Unionist||Katharine Stewart-Murray, Duchess of Atholl||16,228||60.6||+12.0|
|Liberal||Thomas Atholl Robertson||10,553||39.4||+3.2|
|Unionist||Katharine Stewart-Murray, Duchess of Atholl||15,238||60.2||-0.4|
|Unionist||William McNair Snadden||11,808||52.9||n/a|
|Independent||Katharine Stewart-Murray, Duchess of Atholl||10,495||47.1||n/a|
General Election 1939/40:
Another General Election was due to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for that election and by autumn 1939, the following candidates had been selected:
Elections in the 1940sEdit
|Unionist||William McNair Snadden||16,536||68.0||+15.1|
Elections in the 1950sEdit
|Unionist||William McNair Snadden||15,299||55.4|
|Liberal||Ian Alistair Duncan Millar||7,183||26.0||n/a|
|Unionist||William McNair Snadden||19,625||76.2|
Elections in the 1960sEdit
|Liberal||Ian Alistair Duncan Millar||4,819||19.5||N/A|
|Independent Unionist||Ian Smith||78||0.3||N/A|
|Light and Dark Blue Conservative Party||Richard Wort||23||0.1||N/A|
|Labour||Brian K. Parnell||4,461||18.7|
Elections in the 1970sEdit
|SNP||Elizabeth Y. Whitley||4,670||18.6|
|SNP||Duncan C. Murray||6,274||23.12|
Notes and referencesEdit
- "'Kinross and West Perthshire', Feb 1974 - May 1983". ElectionWeb Project. Cognitive Computing Limited. Archived from the original on 3 April 2016. Retrieved 23 March 2016.
- Boundaries of Parliamentary Constituencies 1885-1972 (ISBN 0-900178-09-4), F. W. S. Craig 1972
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-10-11. Retrieved 2011-07-31.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "K" (part 2)
- Whitaker's Almanack, 1920
- The Times, 17 November 1922
- The Times, 8 December 1923
- Oliver & Boyd's Edinburgh Almanac, 1927
- The Times, 1 June 1929
- Whitaker's Almanack, 1934
- Whitaker's Almanack, 1939
- The Liberal Magazine, 1939
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
20 October – 8 November 1963
Title last held byBromley
| Constituency represented by the Prime Minister
| Constituency represented by the Leader of the Opposition