Kinross (//, Scottish Gaelic: Ceann Rois) is a burgh in Perth and Kinross, Scotland, located around 13 miles (21 km) south of Perth and around 20 miles (32 km) north-west of Edinburgh. It is the traditional county town of the historic county of Kinross-shire.
High Street, Kinross
|Area||2.00 km2 (0.77 sq mi) |
|• Density||2,560/km2 (6,600/sq mi)|
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
Location and transportEdit
Kinross was originally linked by railway to Perthshire, Fife and Clackmannanshire until the rail links gradually disappeared. At one time three independent railway companies had their termini at the town. The Fife and Kinross Railway came from the east, the Kinross-shire Railway came from the south and The Devon Valley Railway came from the west. Recently, Kinross has expanded, especially since the construction of the M90 motorway, which is the main north-south artery bypassing the town. Many people working within a commuting radius of Kinross have settled in the town owing to its central location and local amenities.
Loch Leven is also a popular holiday base for tourists, especially as it is close to Edinburgh, Glasgow, Stirling, Perth and St Andrews (all lying within an hour's drive of Kinross). The burgh is located on the shores of Loch Leven, and there are boat trips around the loch and to Loch Leven Castle, where Mary, Queen of Scots was famously held prisoner in 1567.
Up to 2014 the annual T in the Park music festival was held nearby, at the former Balado airfield. Balado is also the locale of a now inactive NATO ICBM early warning radar and during the Second World War there was an airstrip and barracks.
|Climate data for Kinross (120 m asl, averages 1981–2010)|
|Average high °C (°F)||5.9
|Average low °C (°F)||−0.3
|Average rainfall mm (inches)||123.9
|Average rainy days (≥ 1 mm)||16.8||12.8||14.5||10.9||11.2||12.3||11.6||12.8||12.9||16.1||15.0||15.1||162|
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||33.5||70.7||110.3||149.8||184.7||156.1||168.1||165.3||127.4||85.4||48.6||23.2||1,323.1|
|Source: Met Office|
Sport and recreationEdit
Kinross offers many opportunities for sport and recreation, with many options for walking and cycling in the local area. A recently developed path called the Loch Leven Trails has been developed, which offers 21 km (13 miles) of walking and cycling heritage trail around the shoreline of Loch Leven. It begins at RSPB Vane Farm Nature Reserve via Findatie to Kinross Pier/Kirkgate Park.
There is also a leisure centre located in Kinross, called Loch Leven Leisure.
Kinross also has three amateur football teams – Kinross AFC who currently play in the Fife Kingdom Caledonian Football League, Fossoway AFC who play in the Fife 1st division and Portmoak AFC who play in the Perthshire 3rd division.
- Andrew Barlass, American politician and farmer, was born in Kinross.
- Peter Leitch, recipient of the Victoria Cross
- William Whyte (banker) (1878-1945)
- Kinross was also the home of Flight Sergeant George Thompson whose posthumous Victoria Cross in 1945 is often cited as the best merited of the entire air war. He was the wireless operator in a Lancaster of No. 9 Squadron on a dawn raid against the Dortmund-Ems Canal when the plane was struck by a salvo of two 88 mm shells.
- "Kinross (Perth and Kinross, Scotland, United Kingdom) - Population Statistics, Charts, Map, Location, Weather and Web Information". www.citypopulation.de. Retrieved 30 March 2019.
- "Kinross climate information". Met Office. Retrieved 30 March 2019.
- 'Wisconsin Blue Book 1876,' Biographical Sketch of Andrew Barlass, pg. 475