Kinney National Service, Inc. (later known as Kinney Services, Inc.) was an American conglomerate company from 1966 to 1972. Its successors were National Kinney Corporation, Warner Communications, and WarnerMedia and its current successor is Warner Bros. Discovery. Kinney National's predecessors were Kinney Service Corporation and National Cleaning Contractors, Inc., whose merger began in January 1966 and was completed in August of the same year. National Cleaning Contractors had been founded in 1886 by Louis Frankel and Max Sweig as National Window Cleaning & House Renovating Co., and was later known as National House Cleaning Contractors, Inc.
|Formerly||Kinney National Service, Inc. (1966–1971)|
Kinney Services, Inc. (1971–1972)
|Predecessor||Kinney Parking Company (1945–1966)|
National Cleaning Contractors, Inc. (1886–1966)
|Founded||August 12, 1966|
|Defunct||February 10, 1972|
|Fate||Corporation's restructuring and reincorporated as Warner Communications, Inc.|
|Subsidiaries||National Kinney Corporation|
Formation and expansion edit
The company was formed on August 12, 1966, as Kinney National Service, Inc., when the Kinney Parking Company and the National Cleaning Contractors, Inc. were merged. The new company was headed by Steve Ross.
Kinney National Company (later, National was removed from the company title in February 1971) was known for purchases and sales:
- On July 21, 1967, Kinney National expanded by acquiring National Periodical Publications (more commonly, but not yet officially, called DC Comics, which would occur in 1977) which owned Mad (magazine) of E. C. Publications. The acquisition was completed on August 25 of the same year.
- On November 13, 1967, Kinney bought Hollywood talent agency Ashley-Famous. Ted Ashley (the founder of Ashley-Famous) suggested to Ross that he buy out the cash-strapped film company Warner Bros.-Seven Arts, which had purchased Atlantic Records that same month.
- In February 1968, Kinney acquired Panavision, Inc.
- On October 8 of the same year, Kinney National sold its subsidiary Kinney System Rent-A-Car to Sandgate Corporation for about $11-million in cash and notes.
- On January 28, 1969, it was announced that Kinney National would acquire Warner Bros.-Seven Arts. The acquisition was completed on July 4. On April 20, Ashley-Famous was sold because of antitrust laws prohibiting a company from owning both a production studio and a talent agency. In August, Ted Ashley became chief of the film company. On December 16, Warner Bros.-Seven Arts Inc. was rebranded as Warner Bros. Inc. Beginning with the unexpected success of the concert documentary Woodstock (1970), Warner Bros. started scoring box office hits again and became a major studio.
- In 1970, Kinney National bought Jac Holzman's Elektra Records and Nonesuch Records.
On June 10, 1971, Kinney sold Riverside Memorial Chapel to Service Corporation International. Kinney also announced that it would form a new separate company focused on its parking and cleaning businesses; National Kinney Corporation was formally founded in September 1971.
On November 22, 1971, Kinney Services also bought Television Communications Corporation (which renamed as Warner Cable in 1973), including its recording studio operations of 1,210,500 common shares.
Kinney National also owned wood flooring manufacturer Circle Floor from Seymour Milstein and Paul Milstein, when Kinney's predecessor bought it in 1964 for $15 million, with the Milsteins remaining as managers of the unit until 1971 before sale.
Financial scandal edit
Due to a financial scandal involving price fixing in its parking operations, Kinney National spun off its non-entertainment assets in September 1971 as the National Kinney Corporation, and renamed the remaining Kinney National Company as Warner Communications Inc. on February 10, 1972.
- "Real Estate Record and Builders Guide". Archive.org. New York, F. W. Dodge Corp. August 28, 1915. p. 357. Retrieved February 26, 2021.
- "Cleaning Up Sales Mount". Newspapers.com. The Palm Beach Post. March 20, 1966. Retrieved January 17, 2021.
- R. L. Polk & Co.'s 1918-19 Trow New York Copartnership and Corporation Directory. R. L. Polk & Company (Inc.). January 1919. Retrieved November 14, 2020.
- "Max Sweig, 54". The New York Times. December 1, 1937. p. 23. Retrieved December 2, 2020.
- "The merge of Kinney Service & National Cleaning". Chicago Tribune. Newspaper.com. September 14, 1966. Retrieved November 8, 2020.
- Reckert, Clare M. (January 8, 1966). "KINNEY SERVICE PLANS EXPANSION; Proposing a Merger With National Cleaning". p. 33.
- Connie Bruck (2013). Master of the Game: Steve Ross and the Creation of Time Warner. New York: Simon and Schuster. ISBN 9781476737706. Retrieved August 30, 2015.
- "Kinney National recalled as Kinney Services". Newspaper.com. The Evening Sun. February 17, 1971. Retrieved November 8, 2020.
- "World of Business". Courier News. November 13, 1967. p. 14.
- Musser, Charles; Harpole, Charles (1990). The Emergence of Cinema: The American Screen to 1907. Vol. 9. Scribner. ISBN 9780684804637.
- "Sandgate in Kinney Deal". The New York Times. October 1, 1968.
- "National News". The Los Angeles Times. February 25, 1969. p. 41.
- "Market Briefs". National Post. July 19, 1969. p. 18.
- "Ashley Named Chief of Warner-7 Arts". Valley Times. August 5, 1969. p. 2.
- "Warner Bros. Drops Name of Seven Arts". Newspaper.com. Valley Times. December 16, 1969. Retrieved September 12, 2019.
- Hammer, Alexander R. (June 10, 1971). "SOUTHWEST IN BID FOR RIEGEL PAPER". The New York Times.
- COLGATE IN OFFER FOR KENDALL CO. October 13, 1971
- Hammer, Alexander R. (November 23, 1971). "Kinney‐TVC Terms Shift". The New York Times.
- "Milstein Opens Throttle as Builder". The New York Times. October 18, 1981.
- Kinney Changes Name