Kings of Uí Maine

Uí Maine was the name of a kingdom situated in south Connacht, consisting of all of County Galway east of Athenry, all of southern and central County Roscommon.

In prehistory it was believed to have spanned the River Shannon, and in the 8th century even briefly extended its dominion west to Galway Bay. It existed as an independent kingdom from prehistoric times, and as a subject kingdom up to the end of the medieval era.

The acknowledged senior branch of the Ó Ceallaigh (O'Kelly) Uí Maine is the O'Kelly de Gallagh and Tycooly (see Irish nobility and Chief of the Name), and are Counts of the Holy Roman Empire.[citation needed] Other branches include: O'Kelly of Aughrim, O'Kelly of Mullaghmore, O'Kelly of Clondoyle, O'Kelly de Galway, Ó Ceallaigh Iarthar Chláir, O'Kelly of Gurtray, O'Kelly of Screen, and O'Kelly Farrell.

Semi-historic kingsEdit

All dates approximate.

Early historic kingsEdit

High medieval kingsEdit

Post-Norman kingsEdit

Kings of the Clanricarde eraEdit

Early modern chiefsEdit

Chiefs of the NameEdit


Further readingEdit


  • The Tribes and Customs of Hy-Many, Commonly Called O'Kelly's Country, John O'Donovan (Dublin, 1843).
  • The Parish of Ballinasloe, Fr. Jerome A. Fahey.
  • Notes on the O'Kelly Family, E. Festus Kelly, pp. 140–150, Journal of the Galway Archaeological and Historical Society, volume 16, Nos. iii & iv (1934–5).
  • The Surnames of Ireland, Edward MacLysaght (Dublin, 1978).
  • A New History of Ireland – lists and genealogies, vol. 9 (Oxford, 1984).
  • Dictionary of Irish Biography ... to the Year 2002, pp. 591–622 (Cambridge, 2010).
  • O'Kelly. An Irish Musical Family in Nineteenth-Century France, Axel Klein (Norderstedt, 2014).

Online sources

  • Byrne, F.J. (2001) [1973]. Irish Kings and High-Kings (2nd ed.). Dublin: Four Courts Press.
  • Seán Mac Airt; Gearóid Mac Niocaill, eds. (1983). The Annals of Ulster (to AD 1131). Translated by Mac Airt; Mac Niocaill. Dublin: Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies.
  • Annals of Ulster, ed. and tr. W. M. Hennessy and B. Mac Carthy (2008) [1895]. Annala Uladh: Annals of Ulster otherwise Annala Senait, Annals of Senat: a Chronicle of Irish Affairs from A.D. 431 to A.D. 1540 (Revised ed.). Dublin – via CELT. (4 vols)
  • Annals of Tigernach, ed. & partial trans. by Whitley Stokes (1895–1897). "The Annals of Tigernach". Revue Celtique. 16–18. (= Vol. 16 (1895), p. 374-419; 17 (1896), p. 6-33, 116-263, 337-420; 18 (1897), p. 9-59, 150-197, 267-303, 390-391). Edition available from CELT and Full PDF at Internet Archive. Full translation by Gearóid Mac Niocaill (2010), The Annals of Tigernach. Unpublished electronic file ed. by Emer Purcell and Donnchadh Ó Corráin for UCC.
  • Revised edition of McCarthy's synchronisms at Trinity College Dublin.