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List of kings of Connacht

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The Kings of Connacht were rulers of the cóiced (variously translated as portion, fifth, province) of Connacht, which lies west of the River Shannon, Ireland. However, the name only became applied to it in the early medieval era, being named after the Connachta.

Kings of Connacht
Rí Chonnacht
Kingdom of Connacht-900.svg
Map of Connacht, c. 10th century.
Details
StyleRí Chonnacht
First monarchGenann
Last monarchFeidhlimidh Geangcach Ó Conchobair
FormationAncient
Abolition1474
ResidenceRathcroghan
Carnfree
AppointerTanistry
Pretender(s)Desmond O'Conor Don
(Ó Conchubhair Donn)

The old name for the province was Cóiced Ol nEchmacht (the fifth of the Ol nEchmacht). Ptolemy's map of c. 150 AD does in fact list a people called the Nagnatae as living in the west of Ireland. Some are of the opinion that Ptolemy's Map of Ireland may be based on cartography carried out as much as five hundred years before his time.

The Connachta were a group of dynasties who claimed descent from the three eldest sons of Eochaid Mugmedon: Brion, Ailill and Fiachrae. They took their collective name from their alleged descent from Conn Cétchathach. Their younger brother, Niall Noigiallach was ancestor to the Uí Néill.

The following is a list of kings of Connacht from the fifth to fifteenth centuries.

Contents

Pre-historic Kings of Ol nEchmachtEdit

  • Genann
  • Conrac Cas
  • Eochaid Feidlech
  • Eochaidh Allat
  • Tinni mac Conri
  • Medb, Queen of Connacht
  • Medb and Ailill mac Máta
  • Maine Aithreamhail mac Ailill Máta
  • Sanbh Sithcheann mac Ceat mac Magha
  • Cairbre mac Maine Aithreamhail
  • Eochaidh Fionn
  • Aodh mac Cu Odhar
  • Eochaidh mac Cairbre
  • Aonghus Fionn mac Domhnall
  • Cormac Ulfhada
  • Aonghus Feirt mac Aonghus Fionn
  • Connall Cruchain mac Aonghus Feirt
  • Fearadach mac Connal Cruchain
  • Forghus Fiansa
  • Forghus Fiansa and Art mac Conn
  • Ceidghin Cruchain mac Connall Cruchain
  • Aodh mac Eochaidh
  • Aodh Alainn mac Eochaidh Baicidh
  • Nia Mór mac Lughna
  • Lughaidh mac Lughna Fear Tri
  • Aodh Caomh mac Garadh Glundubh
  • Coinne mac Fear Tri
  • Muireadh Tireach mac Fiachra Sraibrintne
  • Eochaid Mugmedon
  • Niall Noigiallach/Niall of the Nine Hostages, died c. 450/455

List of historical kingsEdit

Uí Fiachrach, 406–482Edit

Name Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Amalgaid mac Fiachrae 406–440   Son of Fiachrae 440
Nath Í mac Fiachrach 440–445   Son of Fiachrae 445
Ailill Molt 445–482   Son of Nath Í mac Fiachrach 482

Uí Briúin, 482–500Edit

Name Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Dauí Tenga Uma 482–500   Son of Brión mac Echach Muigmedóin 500

Uí Fiachrach, 500–549Edit

Name Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Eógan Bél 500–542   Son of Cellaig, the son of Ailill Molt 542
Ailill Inbanda 542–549   Son of Eógan Bél 549

Uí Briúin, 549–600Edit

Name Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Echu Tirmcharna 549–556   Son of Fergus mac Muireadach 556
Áed mac Echach 556–575   Son of Echu Tirmcharna 575
Uatu mac Áedo 575–600   Son of Áed mac Echach 600

Uí Fiachrach Aidhne, 600–622Edit

Name Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Colmán mac Cobthaig 600–622   Son of Cobthach mac Gabran 622

Uí Briúin, 622–649Edit

Name Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Rogallach mac Uatach 622–649   Son of Uatu mac Áedo 649

Uí Fiachrach Aidhne, 649–663Edit

Name Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Loingsech mac Colmáin 649–655   Son of Colmán mac Cobthaig 655
Guaire Aidne mac Colmáin 655–663   Son of Colmán mac Cobthaig 663

Uí Briúin Seóla, 663–682Edit

Name Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Cenn Fáelad mac Colgan 663–682   Son of Colga mac Aodha 682

Uí Fiachrach Muaidhe, 682–683Edit

Name Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Dúnchad Muirisci 682–683   Son of Tipraite mac Máel Dubh 683

Uí Fiachrach Aidhne, 683–696Edit

Name Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Fergal Aidne mac Artgaile 683–696   Son of Artgal mac Guaire 696

Uí Briúin Síl Muiredaig, 696–702Edit

Name Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Muiredach Muillethan 696–702   Son of Fergus mac Rogallaig 702

Uí Briúin Síl Cellaig, 702–705Edit

King Clan sept Reign
Cellach mac Rogallach mac Uatach Uí Briúin 702–705

Uí Fiachrach Muaidhe, 705–707Edit

Name Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Indrechtach mac Dúnchado 705–707   Son of Dúnchad Muirisci 707

Uí Briúin Síl Muiredaig, 707–723Edit

Name Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Indrechtach mac Muiredaig 707–723   Son of Muiredach Muillethan 723

Uí Briúin Síl Cellaig, 723–728Edit

King Clan sept Reign
Domnall mac Cellaig mac Rogallach Uí Briúin Síl Cellaig 723–728

Uí Briúin Síl Cathail, 728–735Edit

Name Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Cathal mac Muiredaig 728–735   Son of Muiredach Muillethan 735

Uí Briúin Síl Muiredaig, 735–742Edit

Name Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Áed Balb mac Indrechtaig 735–742   Son of Indrechtach mac Muiredaig 742

Uí Briúin Síl Cellaig, 742–756Edit

King Clan sept Reign
Forggus mac Cellaig Uí Briúin Síl Cellaig 742–756

Uí Fiachrach Muaidhe, 756–764Edit

Name Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Ailill Medraige mac Indrechtaig 756–764   Son of Indrechtach mac Dúnchado 764

Uí Briúin Síl Cathail, 764–768Edit

Name Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Dub-Indrecht mac Cathail 764–768   Son of Cathal mac Muiredaig 768

Uí Fiachrach Muaidhe, 768–773Edit

Name Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Donn Cothaid mac Cathail 768–773   Son of Cathal mac Ailill Medraige 773

Uí Briúin Síl Cellaig, 773–777Edit

King Clan sept Reign
Flaithrí mac Domnaill Uí Briúin Síl Cellaig 773–777

Uí Briúin Síl Cathail, 777–782Edit

Name Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Artgal mac Cathail 777–782   Son of Cathal mac Muiredaig 782

Uí Briúin Síl Muiredaig, 782–786Edit

Name Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Tipraite mac Taidg 782–786   Son of Tadhg mac Indrechtach 786

Uí Briúin Síl Cathail, 786–792Edit

Name Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Cináed mac Artgail 786–792   Son of Artgal mac Cathail 792

Uí Briúin Síl Cellaig, 792–796Edit

King Clan sept Reign
Colla mac Fergusso Uí Briúin Síl Cellaig 792–796

Uí Briúin Síl Muiredaig, 796–839Edit

Name Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Muirgius mac Tommaltaig 796–815   Son of Tommaltach mac Murgail 815
Diarmait mac Tommaltaig 815–833   Son of Tommaltach mac Murgail 833
Cathal mac Muirgiussa 833–839   Son of Muirgius mac Tommaltaig 839

Uí Briúin Síl Cathail, 839–843Edit

Name Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Murchad mac Áedo 839–840   Son of Aedh mac Fogartach 840
Fergus mac Fothaid 840–843   Son of Fothaid mac Dub-Indrecht 843

Uí Briúin Síl Muiredaig, 843–956Edit

Name Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Finsnechta mac Tommaltaig 843–848   Son of Tommaltach mac Murgail 848
Mugron mac Máel Cothaid 848–872   Son of Máel Cothaid 872
Conchobar mac Taidg Mór 872–882   Son of Tadhg Mór mac Muirgius 882
Áed mac Conchobair 882–888   Son of Conchobar mac Taidg Mór 888
Tadg mac Conchobair 888–900   Son of Conchobar mac Taidg Mór 900
Cathal mac Conchobair 900–925   Son of Conchobar mac Taidg Mór 925
Tadg mac Cathail 925–956   Son of Cathal mac Conchobair 956

Ó Ruairc, 956–967Edit

Name Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Fergal Ua Ruairc 956–967   Son of Art mac Ruarc 967

Ó Conchobhair, 967–1030Edit

Name Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Conchobar mac Tadg 967–973   Son of Tadg mac Cathail 973
Cathal mac Tadg 973   Son of Tadg mac Cathail 973
Cathal mac Conchobar mac Taidg 973–1010   Son of Conchobar mac Tadg 1010
Tadg in Eich Gil 1010–1030   Son of Cathal mac Conchobar mac Taidg 1030

Ó Ruairc, 1030–1046Edit

Name Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Art Uallach Ua Ruairc 1030–1046   Son of Aedh mac Fergal 1046

Ó Conchobhair, 1046–1067Edit

Name Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Áed in Gai Bernaig 1046–1067   Son of Tadg in Eich Gil 1067

Ó Ruairc, 1067–1087Edit

Name Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Áed Ua Ruairc 1067–1087   Son of Art Uallach mac Aedh 1087

Ó Conchobhair, 1087–1092Edit

Name Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Ruaidrí na Saide Buide 1087–1092   Son of Áed in Gai Bernaig 1092

Ó Flaithbheartaigh, 1092–1095Edit

Name Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Flaithbertaigh Ua Flaithbertaigh 1092–1095   Son of Mac meic Aedh Ua Flaithbheartaigh 1098

Ó Conchobhair, 1092–1097Edit

Name Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Tadg mac Ruaidrí Ua Conchobair 1092–1097   Son of Ruaidrí na Saide Buide and Mór Ní Briain 1097

Ó Ruairc, 1097–1102Edit

Name Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Domnall Ua Ruairc 1097–1102   Son of Tigernán mac Ualgharg 1102

Ó Conchobhair, 1102–1280Edit

Name Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Domnall Ua Conchobair 1102–1106   Son of Ruaidrí na Saide Buide and Mór Ní Briain 1106
Tairrdelbach Ua Conchobair 1106–1156   Son of Ruaidrí na Saide Buide and Mór Ní Briain 1156
Ruaidrí Ua Conchobair 1156–1186   Son of Tairrdelbach Ua Conchobair 1198
Conchobar Máenmaige Ua Conchobhair 1186–1189   Son of Ruaidrí Ua Conchobair 1189
Cathal Carragh Ua Conchobhair 1190–1202   Son of Conchobar Maenmaige Ua Conchobair 1202
Cathal Crobderg Ua Conchobair 1202–1224   Son of Tairrdelbach Ua Conchobair 1224
Aedh Ua Conchobair 1224–1228   Son of Cathal Crobderg Ua Conchobair 1228
Aedh mac Ruaidri Ua Conchobair 1228–1233   Son of Ruaidrí Ua Conchobair 1233
Felim mac Cathal Crobderg Ua Conchobair 1233–1265   Son of Cathal Crobderg Ua Conchobair 1265
Aedh mac Felim Ó Conchobair 1265–1274   Son of Felim Ua Conchobair 1274
Aedh Muimhnech Ó Conchobair 1274–1280   Son of Felim Ua Conchobair 1280

Muircheartaigh Uí Conchobhair, 1280–1293Edit

Name Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Cathal Ó Conchobair 1280–1288; 1293   Son of Conchobair Ruadh mac Muirchertaig Ó Conchobair 1293
Maghnus Ó Conchobair 1288–1293   Son of Conchobair Ruadh mac Muirchertaig Ó Conchobair 1293

Ó Conchobhair, 1293–1309Edit

Name Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Aedh Ó Conchobair 1293–1309   Son of Eoghan mac Ruaidri Ó Conchobair 1309

Muircheartaigh Uí Conchobhair, 1309–1310Edit

Name Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Ruaidri Ó Conchobair 1309–1310   Son of Cathal Ó Conchobair 1310

Ó Conchubhair Ruadh, 1310–1317Edit

Name Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Fedlim Ó Conchobair 1310–1316   Son of Aedh Ó Conchobair 1316

Ó Conchobhair, 1316–1317Edit

Name Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Ruaidri na bhFeadh Ó Conchobair 1316–1317   Son of Donnchadh mac Eoghan Ó Conchobair unknown

Ó Conchubhair Donn, 1317–1350Edit

Name Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Toirdelbach Ó Conchobair 1317–1318
1324–1350
  Son of Aedh Ó Conchobair 1350
Aedh mac Tairdelbach Ó Conchobair 1324   Son of Toirdelbach Ó Conchobair 1345

Ó Conchobhair Sligigh, 1318–1324Edit

Name Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Cathal mac Domhnall Ó Conchobair 1318–1324   Son of Domnall mac Tadg Ó Conchobair 1324

Muircheartaigh Uí Conchobhair, 1342–1350Edit

Name Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Aedh mac Aedh Breifneach Ó Conchobair 1342–1350   Son of Aedh Breifneach mac Cathal Ó Conchobair 1350

Ó Conchubhair Donn, 1368–1474Edit

Name Reign Clan Arms Parentage Death
Ruaidri mac Tairdelbach Ó Conchobair 1368–1384   Son of Toirdelbach Ó Conchobair 1384
Toirdhealbhach Óg Donn Ó Conchobair 1384–1406   Son of Aedh mac Tairdelbach Ó Conchobair 9 December 1406
Cathal mac Ruaidri Ó Conchobair 1406–1439   Son of Ruaidri mac Tairdelbach Ó Conchobair 19 March 1439
Aedh mac Tairdelbach Óg Ó Conchobair 1439–1461   Son of Toirdhealbhach Óg Donn Ó Conchobair 15 May 1461
Fedlim Geancach Ó Conchobair 1461–1475   Son of Toirdhealbhach Óg Donn Ó Conchobair 1474

See alsoEdit

SourcesEdit

  • Annals of the Four Masters, 1990 edition.
  • The Annals of Connacht, A. Martin Freeman, 1944.
  • Irish Kings and High Kings, Francis John Byrne, 1973.
  • Leabhar Mor Genealach, Dubhaltach MacFhirbhisigh, ed. O'Muralie, 2004.

External linksEdit