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Kings Highway station (IND Culver Line)

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Kings Highway is an express station on the IND Culver Line of the New York City Subway, located at Kings Highway and McDonald Avenue in the Gravesend neighborhood of Brooklyn. The station is served by the F train at all times and the <F> train during rush hours in the peak direction.

 Kings Highway
 "F" train"F" express train
MTA NYC logo.svg New York City Subway station (rapid transit)
Kings Hwy Culver td (2019-01-16) 12.jpg
Northbound platform
Station statistics
AddressKings Highway & McDonald Avenue
Brooklyn, NY 11223
BoroughBrooklyn
LocaleGravesend, Midwood
Coordinates40°36′11.47″N 73°58′20.44″W / 40.6031861°N 73.9723444°W / 40.6031861; -73.9723444Coordinates: 40°36′11.47″N 73°58′20.44″W / 40.6031861°N 73.9723444°W / 40.6031861; -73.9723444
DivisionB (IND, formerly BMT)
LineIND Culver Line
BMT Culver Line (formerly)
Services      F all times (all times) <F> two rush hour trains, peak direction (two rush hour trains, peak direction)​
Transit connectionsBus transport NYCT Bus: B82, B82 SBS
StructureElevated
Platforms2 island platforms
cross-platform interchange
Tracks3
Other information
OpenedMarch 16, 1919; 100 years ago (1919-03-16)
Station code250[1]
Accessiblenot ADA-accessible; accessibility planned
Traffic
Passengers (2018)1,356,085[2]Decrease 11.4%
Rank313 out of 424
Station succession
Next north18th Avenue (express): no regular service
Avenue P (local): F all times <F> two rush hour trains, peak direction
Next southAvenue U (local): F all times <F> two rush hour trains, peak direction
Neptune Avenue (express): no regular service

HistoryEdit

As part of Contract 4 of the Dual Contracts, between the city and the BRT, a three-track elevated railway was built above the surface Culver Line from the Fifth Avenue Elevated southeast and south to Coney Island.[3] The Culver Line was operated as a branch of the Fifth Avenue Elevated, with a free transfer at Ninth Avenue to the West End Line into the Fourth Avenue Subway.[4][5][6][7] Kings Highway opened at 3:00 a.m. on March 16, 1919 as the terminal of the first portion of the line which began at Ninth Avenue.[8] Kings Highway was supplanted as the line's terminal as the line was extended to Avenue X at noon on May 10, 1919.[9][10][11]

On October 30, 1954,[12][13] this station began being served by IND D Concourse Express trains operating to Coney Island–Stillwell Avenue as the connection between the IND South Brooklyn Line at Church Avenue and the BMT Culver Line at Ditmas Avenue opened.[14][15][16] BMT Culver Line (5) trains were truncated to Ditmas Avenue, the south end of the connection, operating through to Manhattan via the Nassau Street Loop during the day, and terminating at Ninth Avenue at other times.[17][18] This Culver Shuttle became full-time on May 28, 1959, and was discontinued in 1975.[19][20][21]

From June 7, 2016, to May 1, 2017, the southbound platform of this station was closed for renovation with southbound trains stopping at the center track and using the Manhattan-bound platform.[22][23] The Manhattan-bound platform was closed for a longer period of time, from May 22, 2017 until July 30, 2018 and Manhattan-bound trains stopped at the center track using the Coney Island-bound platform.[24][25]

Station layoutEdit

Track layout
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
to Av P
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
to Av U
 
 
P
Platform level
Northbound local     toward Jamaica–179th Street (Avenue P)
Island platform, doors will open on the left
Peak-direction express   toward Jamaica–179th Street (some rush-hour trains) (Avenue P)
  termination track (some rush-hour trains) →
(No express service: 18th Avenue northbound, Neptune Avenue southbound)
Island platform, doors will open on the left, right
Southbound local     toward Coney Island–Stillwell Avenue (Avenue U)
M Mezzanine to entrances/exits, station agent, MetroCard vending machines
G Street Level Entrances/Exits

The station has three tracks and two island platforms.[26] Each platform contains a green canopy with black roofs that run for the entire length except near the north ends, where a control tower is present on the Coney Island-bound platform.

Trains going to Coney Island (southbound) or Manhattan and Queens (northbound) use the local tracks. The center express track is normally used only during rush hours to short turn trains not going to Stillwell Avenue. There are platform signs informing riders that some rush hour 179th Street-bound trains are available from the center track.[26]

There are no express stations south of this station. Instead, the center track offers the option of switching to either local tracks. Diamond crossover switches exist between the center and southbound tracks at both ends of the station. Switches exist at both ends of the station allowing northbound trains to switch from the express track to the northbound local track. Additional switches exist between Avenue U and Avenue X (one each from the center track to the northbound and southbound tracks), and south of Avenue X merging into the southbound local track and the yard leads towards the Coney Island Yard.[26] The current track configurations allow trains to terminate and reverse at Kings Highway, but do not allow northbound local trains from Coney Island to run express north of Kings Highway without skipping Avenue U; these switches previously existed,[26][27] but were removed during track rehabilitation projects in the 1990s.[26]

 
Southwest stair at Avenue S

ExitsEdit

This station has two entrances with the primary one at the northern end. From each platform, a single staircase goes down to an elevated station-house beneath the tracks. Inside is a token booth and regular turnstile bank. Outside fare control, two staircases go down to either southern corner of McDonald Avenue and Kings Highway.[28]

An un-staffed entrance is at the south end of the station. From each platform, a single staircase goes down to an elevated station-house beneath the tracks. Inside are two HEET turnstiles. Outside of fare control, two staircases go down to either northern corner of McDonald Avenue and Avenue S.[28]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Station Developers' Information". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved June 13, 2017.
  2. ^ "Facts and Figures: Annual Subway Ridership 2013–2018". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. July 18, 2019. Retrieved July 18, 2019.
  3. ^ New York Public Service Commission, New Subways For New York: The Dual System of Rapid Transit, June 1913
  4. ^ New York Times, B.R.T. Will Open Culver Line Elevated Road as Far as Kings Highway on Sunday Next, March 9, 1919, page 23
  5. ^ New York Times, Culver Line Open Today, March 16, 1919, page 8
  6. ^ Frederick J. H. Kracke, Public Service Commissioner, New York Times, New Rapid Transit Link in Operation, March 16, 1919, page 106
  7. ^ New York Times, Culver Elevated Opens, March 17, 1919, page 21
  8. ^ Legislative Documents. J.B. Lyon Company. January 1, 1920.
  9. ^ Legislative Documents. J.B. Lyon Company. January 1, 1920.
  10. ^ New York Times, New Transit Line Opened, May 11, 1919, page 25
  11. ^ New York Times, New Culver Extension, May 18, 1919, page 116
  12. ^ Chiasson, George (May 2010). "A History of the F (and V) Train Service". New York Division Bulletin. Electric Railroaders' Association. 53 (5): 1, 4.
  13. ^ Culver Line Ceremonies
  14. ^ New York Times, Adequate Transit Promised for City, October 29, 1954, page 25
  15. ^ Sparberg, Andrew J. (October 1, 2014). From a Nickel to a Token: The Journey from Board of Transportation to MTA. Fordham University Press. ISBN 978-0-8232-6190-1.
  16. ^ New York Times, Adequate Transit Promised for City, October 29, 1954, page 25
  17. ^ New York Times, Bronx to Coney Ride in New Subway Link, October 18, 1954, page 34
  18. ^ New York Times, Bronx-Coney Line is Opened by IND, October 31, 1954, page 73
  19. ^ "BMT Acts to Speed Rush-Hour Service" (PDF). The New York Times. May 21, 1959. Retrieved September 4, 2016.
  20. ^ Muir, Hugh O. (June 8, 1959). "TA Says End Of Culver Line Speeds BMT". New York World-Telegram. Fultonhistory.com. p. B1. Retrieved September 5, 2016.
  21. ^ Hanley, Robert (May 12, 1975). "Brooklyn's Culver Shuttle Makes Festive Final Run". The New York Times. p. 20. Retrieved September 5, 2016.
  22. ^ "Feasibility and Analysis of F Express Service in Brooklyn" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. May 2016. Retrieved June 24, 2016.
  23. ^ "Coney Island-bound F subway trains will not stop at Avenue I, Bay Pkwy, Avenue N, Avenue P, Avenue U, and Avenue X until early 2017". web.mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. 2016. Archived from the original on May 27, 2016. Retrieved October 9, 2016.
  24. ^ "New York City Subway Map" (PDF). mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. May 1, 2017. Archived from the original (PDF) on May 10, 2017. Retrieved May 2, 2017.
  25. ^ "$140 Million Culver F subway Line Station Renewal Project Begins Next Phase". web.mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. May 18, 2017. Retrieved May 18, 2017.
  26. ^ a b c d e "Feasibility and Analysis of F Express Service in Brooklyn" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. May 2016. Retrieved June 24, 2016.
  27. ^ Linder, Bernard; Erlitz, Jeffrey (September 2000). "Culver Line Track Plans". New York Division Bulletin. Electric Railroader's Association. 43 (9): 3. Retrieved July 26, 2016.
  28. ^ a b "MTA Neighborhood Maps: Midwood" (PDF). mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. 2015. Retrieved August 2, 2015.

External linksEdit