Kings Highway (Australia)
–New South Wales
|Length||141 km (88 mi)|
|National Route 52 (1974 - 2013)|
|West end|| Monaro Highway (B23),|
Fyshwick, Australian Capital Territory
|for full list see major intersections|
|East end|| Princes Highway (A1),|
Batemans Bay, New South Wales
|Major settlements||Bungendore, Braidwood, Nelligen|
West to east, it starts at the junction with the Monaro Highway on Canberra Avenue in the Australian Capital Territory, crosses over the border into New South Wales near Queanbeyan, passes through Queanbeyan itself, Carwoola, briefly crosses back into the Kowen district of ACT and then back into NSW heading south-east to Batemans Bay via Bungendore, Braidwood and Nelligen.
It is signed as route B52. NSW Roads and Maritime Services (RMS) has come to an informal agreement with councils along the route to signpost the entire route as Kings Highway, despite it having no single declared name along its route. The National Route 52 was established in 1974.
The Kings Highway links Highway 1 (known as the Princes Highway) to Canberra, and provides access for residents of Canberra to the NSW South Coast and its beaches. The highway is often busy on weekends, especially during summer. The highway also experiences a high number of car crashes, on occasions averaging around one every three days, costing the local community around the highway several million dollars a year.
Notable features and landmarksEdit
A small rock cave at "Pooh Bear's Corner" can be found near the top of the Clyde Mountain Pass. This was the location of a munitions store during the Second World War, that could be detonated to stop passage from the coast to the national capital inland.
Dozens of soft toys are placed in the eucalyptus trees along the stretch of road that connects Queanbeyan and Bungendore.
In 2006 construction commenced on Headquarters Joint Operations Command in the Kowen district of the ACT between Bungendore and Queanbeyan. The facility opened in December 2008, and sections of the highway between the HQJOC turnoff and Queanbeyan have progressively been upgraded to cater for the increased traffic.
In 2013 it was reported that the highway carries an average of 4,500 vehicles a day. There is an increase in traffic in the summer months. In 2003, approximately 3,000 vehicles a day were using the highway at Nelligen. From Braidwood (at the Shoalhaven River Bridge) there were about 4,200 cars travelling on the road. Out of Bungendore near Burbong, 5,600 cars were counted each day.
- The rate of people hospitalised after crashes on the Kings Highway is well over the national average. 877 crashes were recorded on Kings Highway over a 10-year period, an average of about one crash every four days. Over this time there have been 24 fatal crashes, 355 crashes resulting in injury and 488 crashes resulting in property damage. The rate was worse than this in 2004, when there were 103 crashes resulting in six fatalities and 53 injuries.
- Crashes on the Kings Highway have cost A$42.65 million over the past three years – that’s equivalent to nearly A$39,000 every day.
- Safety: particular concerns over Clyde Mountain, and only 5% of road deemed to provide "safe" overtaking opportunities. Two blackspots (one in Eurobodalla and one in Palerang) and 16 blacklengths (nine in Eurobodalla, six in Palerang and one in Queanbeyan City) were identified. The 40 kilometres (25 mi) section of road over the Great Dividing Range – which includes Clyde Mountain – recorded the highest number of crashes, with 22% of all incidents occurring in this area.
- The most common type of crash – 18% of all incidents – was when a vehicle leaves the road to the left on a right hand bend and crashes into a stationary object. Head-on collisions made up one in 10 of all crashes. Crashes occurred most frequently on Sundays (20%) and least frequently on Tuesdays (9%). Recent drought conditions and an explosion in the kangaroo population in the area, has seen a marked increase in the number of crashes between vehicles and these macropods - particularly at night. This is evidenced by the increasing levels of 'road kill' carcasses on the sides of the Highway.
|Australian Capital Territory||Canberra Central – Jerrabomberra boundary||Fyshwick – Narrabundah – Symonston tripoint||0.0||0.0|| Monaro Highway (B52 / Tourist Drive 5) south , Cooma|
Ipswich Street north-east – Canberra Airport
|Western terminus: continues as Canberra Avenue; only northbound exit from and southbound entrance to Monaro Highway|
|Fyshwick – Symonston boundary||1.5||0.93||Newcastle Street north-east / Hindmarsh Drive south-west , Canberra Airport||Traffic lights|
|Jerrabomberra||||4.3||2.7||Norse Road||Eastbound exit and westbound entrance|
|New South Wales||Queanbeyan||Crestwood – Queanbeyan West boundary||6.0||3.7||Lanyon Drive – Cooma||Roundabout|
|Queanbeyan East||8.9||5.5||Yass Road north / Ellerton Drive south , Goulburn, Canberra Airport||Roundabout|
|Palerang||Carwoola||11.7||7.3||Captains Flat Road – Captains Flat||Roundabout|
|Bungendore||32.4||20.1||Tarago Road north – Tarago, Goulburn||T junction: Eastbound traffic turns east, westbound traffic turns south|
|Manar||53.8||33.4||Braidwood Road – Tarago, Goulburn|
|Braidwood||79.6||49.5||Nerriga Road – Nerriga, Nowra|
|Eurobodalla||North Batemans Bay||139||86||Princes Highway (A1) / Peninsula Drive east – Nowra, Sydney, Batemans Bay, Bega||Eastern terminus at roundabout|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Kings Highway, Australia.|
- "National Route 52". NSW National Routes. Ozroads.com.au. Retrieved 14 January 2008.[self-published source]
- "Research highlights costly Kings Highway crashes". ABC News. Australia. 20 October 2005. Retrieved 19 May 2013.
- Dunn, Peter. "DEMOLITION OF OUR HARBOURS, AIRFIELDS, ROADS AND OTHER IMPORTANT INSTALLATIONS". www.ozatwar.com. Retrieved 20 May 2013.
- Harden, Fred (25 March 2004). "Bear Spotting". Retrieved 19 May 2013.
- Cumpston, J.H.L. (2007) . Thomas Mitchell: Surveyor General and Explorer. Project Gutenberg of Australia eBook. eBook No.: 0700531h.html.
The final evidence--lamentably too final--of his tendency to do everything himself was his personal presence, in his sixty-fourth year, at the survey of a road through that rugged Clyde Mountain region: work which might well have been entrusted to his surveyors. ... Having contracted a chill when supervising the survey of a road from Braidwood to Nelligen, he developed broncho-pneumonia and died at his home, "Carthona" at Darling Point on 5 October 1855, in his sixty-fourth year.
- "Brief history of Nelligen, Batemans Bay and the Clyde River on the Eurobodalla South Coast, NSW Australia". Clyde River Houseboats. Archived from the original on 15 December 2007. Retrieved 14 January 2008.
- "Inquiry into the Provision of Facilities for Headquarters Joint Operations Command, NSW (Chapter 3)" (PDF). Joint Standing Committee on Public Works. Parliament of Australia. 2004. Archived from the original (pdf) on 11 April 2008. Retrieved 14 January 2008.
- "Kings Highway Route Safety Review" (PDF). New South Wales Government. March 2013.
- "Traffic Volume Data for Southern Region 2003: Annual Average Daily Traffic for MAIN ROAD NO.51 - BATEMANS BAY-QUEANBEYAN" (PDF). Traffic Management Branch. New South Wales Road Traffic Authority. 2004. pp. 14–15. Archived from the original (PDF) on 11 April 2008. Retrieved 5 February 2008.
- "Report on Southern NSW and ACT Roads" (PDF). NRMA Motoring and Services. Archived from the original (PDF) on 11 April 2008.
- Google (31 January 2016). "Kings Highway (Australia)" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved 31 January 2016.