Kingman County, Kansas

Kingman County (standard abbreviation: KM) is a county located in the U.S. state of Kansas. As of the 2020 census, the county population was 7,470.[1] The largest city and county seat is Kingman.

Kingman County
Kingman County Courthouse in Kingman (2009)
Map of Kansas highlighting Kingman County
Location within the U.S. state of Kansas
Map of the United States highlighting Kansas
Kansas's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 37°31′14″N 97°52′18″W / 37.5206°N 97.8717°W / 37.5206; -97.8717
Country United States
State Kansas
FoundedMarch 7, 1872
Named forSamuel Austin Kingman
SeatKingman
Largest cityKingman
Area
 • Total867 sq mi (2,250 km2)
 • Land863 sq mi (2,240 km2)
 • Water3.3 sq mi (9 km2)  0.4%%
Population
 • Total7,470
 • Density8.7/sq mi (3.4/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district4th
Websitekingmancoks.org

HistoryEdit

Early historyEdit

For many millennia, the Great Plains of North America was inhabited by nomadic Native Americans. From the 16th century to 18th century, the Kingdom of France claimed ownership of large parts of North America. In 1762, after the French and Indian War, France secretly ceded New France to Spain, per the Treaty of Fontainebleau.

19th centuryEdit

In 1802, Spain returned most of the land to France, but keeping title to about 7,500 square miles. In 1803, most of the land for modern day Kansas was acquired by the United States from France as part of the 828,000 square mile Louisiana Purchase for 2.83 cents per acre.

In 1854, the Kansas Territory was organized, then in 1861 Kansas became the 34th U.S. state. In 1872, Kingman County was established and named for Samuel A. Kingman, chief justice of the Kansas Supreme Court.[2][3]

During the 1870s, Kingman County abounded with bison. The old-time cowboy author Frank H. Maynard reported going there on his first buffalo hunt.[4]

GeographyEdit

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 867 square miles (2,250 km2), of which 863 square miles (2,240 km2) is land and 3.3 square miles (8.5 km2) (0.4%) is water.[5]

Adjacent countiesEdit

DemographicsEdit

Historical population
Census Pop.
18803,713
189011,823218.4%
190010,663−9.8%
191013,38625.5%
192012,119−9.5%
193011,674−3.7%
194012,0012.8%
195010,324−14.0%
19609,958−3.5%
19708,886−10.8%
19808,9600.8%
19908,292−7.5%
20008,6734.6%
20107,858−9.4%
20207,470−4.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790-1960[7] 1900-1990[8]
1990-2000[9] 2010-2020[1]
 
Age pyramid

As of the census[10] of 2000, there were 8,673 people, 3,371 households, and 2,420 families residing in the county. The population density was 10 inhabitants per square mile (3.9/km2). There were 3,852 housing units at an average density of 4 per square mile (1.5/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 97.45% White, 0.21% Black or African American, 0.58% Native American, 0.24% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.35% from other races, and 1.15% from two or more races. 1.44% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 3,371 households, out of which 32.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.90% were married couples living together, 7.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.20% were non-families. 26.00% of all households were made up of individuals, and 13.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 3.03.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 27.40% under the age of 18, 5.80% from 18 to 24, 24.70% from 25 to 44, 22.50% from 45 to 64, and 19.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 96.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.50 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $37,790, and the median income for a family was $44,547. Males had a median income of $31,771 versus $25,298 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,533. About 8.40% of families and 10.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.90% of those under age 18 and 7.40% of those age 65 or over.

GovernmentEdit

Presidential electionsEdit

Presidential election results
United States presidential election results for Kingman County, Kansas[11]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 3,130 79.26% 752 19.04% 67 1.70%
2016 2,530 75.88% 599 17.97% 205 6.15%
2012 2,397 74.19% 733 22.69% 101 3.13%
2008 2,603 71.04% 963 26.28% 98 2.67%
2004 2,801 74.42% 904 24.02% 59 1.57%
2000 2,672 70.17% 991 26.02% 145 3.81%
1996 2,659 64.65% 1,006 24.46% 448 10.89%
1992 1,680 40.36% 1,100 26.42% 1,383 33.22%
1988 2,205 58.74% 1,420 37.83% 129 3.44%
1984 2,826 72.04% 1,047 26.69% 50 1.27%
1980 2,610 63.63% 1,133 27.62% 359 8.75%
1976 1,839 44.93% 2,142 52.33% 112 2.74%
1972 2,756 68.90% 1,107 27.68% 137 3.43%
1968 2,318 60.29% 1,201 31.24% 326 8.48%
1964 1,917 45.92% 2,226 53.32% 32 0.77%
1960 2,904 62.29% 1,735 37.22% 23 0.49%
1956 3,226 69.08% 1,428 30.58% 16 0.34%
1952 3,820 76.52% 1,096 21.96% 76 1.52%
1948 2,640 55.88% 2,008 42.51% 76 1.61%
1944 2,827 63.74% 1,579 35.60% 29 0.65%
1940 3,068 54.35% 2,528 44.78% 49 0.87%
1936 2,014 35.14% 3,705 64.64% 13 0.23%
1932 1,923 37.97% 3,050 60.22% 92 1.82%
1928 3,287 69.63% 1,408 29.82% 26 0.55%
1924 2,416 54.33% 1,077 24.22% 954 21.45%
1920 2,818 63.18% 1,557 34.91% 85 1.91%
1916 1,891 38.26% 2,626 53.13% 426 8.62%
1912 336 10.96% 1,421 46.35% 1,309 42.69%
1908 1,442 47.26% 1,479 48.48% 130 4.26%
1904 1,600 63.19% 661 26.11% 271 10.70%
1900 1,286 50.79% 1,183 46.72% 63 2.49%
1896 988 40.89% 1,393 57.66% 35 1.45%
1892 1,225 43.12% 0 0.00% 1,616 56.88%
1888 1,413 50.20% 622 22.10% 780 27.71%

LawsEdit

Following amendment to the Kansas Constitution in 1986, the county remained a prohibition, or "dry", county until 2004, when voters approved the sale of alcoholic liquor by the individual drink with a 30 percent food sales requirement.[12]

EducationEdit

Unified school districtsEdit

CommunitiesEdit

 
2005 KDOT Map of Kingman County (map legend)

CitiesEdit

Unincorporated communitiesEdit

† means a Census-Designated Place (CDP) by the United States Census Bureau.

TownshipsEdit

Kingman County is divided into twenty-three townships. The city of Kingman is considered governmentally independent and is excluded from the census figures for the townships. In the following table, the population center is the largest city (or cities) included in that township's population total, if it is of a significant size.

Sources: 2000 U.S. Gazetteer from the U.S. Census Bureau.
Township FIPS Population
center
Population Population
density
/km2 (/sq mi)
Land area
km2 (sq mi)
Water area
km2 (sq mi)
Water % Geographic coordinates
Allen 01250 109 1 (3) 94 (36) 1 (0) 0.69% 37°31′15″N 97°52′19″W / 37.52083°N 97.87194°W / 37.52083; -97.87194
Belmont 05675 92 1 (3) 95 (37) 0 (0) 0.05% 37°30′48″N 98°11′51″W / 37.51333°N 98.19750°W / 37.51333; -98.19750
Bennett 06050 705 7 (19) 95 (36) 0 (0) 0% 37°26′58″N 97°50′54″W / 37.44944°N 97.84833°W / 37.44944; -97.84833
Canton 10450 118 1 (3) 94 (36) 0 (0) 0.04% 37°24′27″N 97°58′47″W / 37.40750°N 97.97972°W / 37.40750; -97.97972
Chikaskia 13125 140 1 (4) 94 (36) 0 (0) 0.01% 37°26′25″N 98°10′56″W / 37.44028°N 98.18222°W / 37.44028; -98.18222
Dale 16925 203 2 (6) 91 (35) 1 (0) 0.84% 37°36′45″N 97°57′52″W / 37.61250°N 97.96444°W / 37.61250; -97.96444
Dresden 18650 385 4 (11) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.21% 37°40′8″N 98°25′25″W / 37.66889°N 98.42361°W / 37.66889; -98.42361
Eagle 19225 154 2 (4) 94 (36) 0 (0) 0.12% 37°31′3″N 97°58′21″W / 37.51750°N 97.97250°W / 37.51750; -97.97250
Eureka 21850 123 1 (3) 93 (36) 1 (0) 0.67% 37°40′58″N 98°17′39″W / 37.68278°N 98.29417°W / 37.68278; -98.29417
Evan 22000 516 6 (15) 91 (35) 3 (1) 3.50% 37°41′59″N 97°51′12″W / 37.69972°N 97.85333°W / 37.69972; -97.85333
Galesburg 25125 254 3 (7) 92 (35) 0 (0) 0.26% 37°41′29″N 97°58′7″W / 37.69139°N 97.96861°W / 37.69139; -97.96861
Hoosier 33050 162 2 (4) 94 (36) 0 (0) 0.02% 37°41′7″N 98°11′43″W / 37.68528°N 98.19528°W / 37.68528; -98.19528
Kingman 36975 124 1 (3) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.02% 37°31′19″N 98°24′4″W / 37.52194°N 98.40111°W / 37.52194; -98.40111
Liberty 40150 178 2 (5) 94 (36) 0 (0) 0.05% 37°25′52″N 98°25′25″W / 37.43111°N 98.42361°W / 37.43111; -98.42361
Ninnescah 50650 313 2 (5) 180 (69) 1 (0) 0.71% 37°36′31″N 98°7′20″W / 37.60861°N 98.12222°W / 37.60861; -98.12222
Peters 55550 201 2 (6) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.02% 37°30′48″N 98°18′28″W / 37.51333°N 98.30778°W / 37.51333; -98.30778
Richland 59400 100 1 (3) 95 (37) 0 (0) 0.18% 37°31′35″N 98°5′2″W / 37.52639°N 98.08389°W / 37.52639; -98.08389
Rochester 60375 210 2 (6) 94 (36) 0 (0) 0.09% 37°26′8″N 98°17′33″W / 37.43556°N 98.29250°W / 37.43556; -98.29250
Rural 61725 359 4 (10) 94 (36) 0 (0) 0.03% 37°37′29″N 98°25′11″W / 37.62472°N 98.41972°W / 37.62472; -98.41972
Union 72175 88 1 (2) 94 (36) 0 (0) 0.25% 37°36′32″N 98°18′43″W / 37.60889°N 98.31194°W / 37.60889; -98.31194
Valley 72850 102 1 (3) 94 (36) 0 (0) 0.15% 37°26′13″N 98°4′8″W / 37.43694°N 98.06889°W / 37.43694; -98.06889
Vinita 73975 249 3 (7) 91 (35) 1 (0) 0.67% 37°36′32″N 97°51′44″W / 37.60889°N 97.86222°W / 37.60889; -97.86222
White 77775 401 5 (12) 87 (34) 0 (0) 0% 37°41′30″N 98°4′49″W / 37.69167°N 98.08028°W / 37.69167; -98.08028

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c "QuickFacts; Kingman County, Kansas; Population, Census, 2020 & 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on August 17, 2021. Retrieved August 17, 2021.
  2. ^ Kansas State Historical Society (1916). Biennial Report of the Board of Directors of the Kansas State Historical Society. Kansas State Printing Plant. pp. 215.
  3. ^ "Samuel Austin Kingman". Kansas Historical Society. Retrieved April 21, 2016.
  4. ^ Maynard, Frank H. Cowboy's Lament: A Life on the Open Range. Lubbock, Texas: Texas Tech University Press, 2010, 3. ISBN 978-0-89672-705-2.
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 26, 2014.
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 26, 2014.
  8. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 26, 2014.
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Archived (PDF) from the original on March 27, 2010. Retrieved July 26, 2014.
  10. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  11. ^ "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections".
  12. ^ "Map of Wet and Dry Counties". Alcoholic Beverage Control, Kansas Department of Revenue. November 2006. Archived from the original on October 8, 2007. Retrieved December 26, 2007.

Further readingEdit

External linksEdit

County
Maps

Coordinates: 37°34′N 98°08′W / 37.567°N 98.133°W / 37.567; -98.133