King of the Slavs
King of the Slavs (Latin: rex Sclavorum, Sclavorum rex) was a title denoting some Slavic rulers, as well as Germanic rulers that conquered Slavs, in the Middle Ages in European sources, such as Papal correspondence.
Papal use is bolded.
- Samo, ruler of Slavs (623–658); in the Frankish Annals
- Drogoviz, ruler of the Veleti (789); in Annales Mettenses priores in c. 805
- Trpimir I, ruler of Croatia (845–864); erroneously by Gottschalk in the 840s
- Svatopluk I of Moravia, ruler of Moravia (870–894); by Pope Stephen V in 885
- Michael, ruler of Zahumlje (913–926); erroneously in the Annales Barenses
- Mihailo Vojislavljević, ruler of Duklja (1050–1081); by Pope Gregory VII in 1077
- Bodin Vojislavljević, ruler of Duklja (1081–1101); by the chronicle of Orderic Vitalis, relating to events of 1096
- Stefan Dragutin, ruler of Serbia (1276–1282) and Syrmia (1282–1316); by Pope Nicholas IV in 1288
- Adalbert-Stifter-Verein (Munich, Germany) (1961). Veröffentlichungen der Wissenschaftlichen Abteilung. Edmund Gans Verlag. p. 26.
- John V. A. Fine (5 February 2010). When Ethnicity Did Not Matter in the Balkans: A Study of Identity in Pre-Nationalist Croatia, Dalmatia, and Slavonia in the Medieval and Early-Modern Periods. University of Michigan Press. pp. 36–. ISBN 0-472-02560-0.
- Maddalena Betti (24 October 2013). The Making of Christian Moravia (858-882): Papal Power and Political Reality. BRILL. pp. 189–. ISBN 978-90-04-26008-5.
- Armin Pavić (1906). Postanje Gundulićeva Osmana i glávâ 29-36 u Porfirogenitovoj De adm. imp. Tisak Kr. zemaljske tiskare. p. 62.
- Ćirković 2004, p. 26.
- Jireček 1911, p. 241.
- Concise Dictionary of Proper Names and Notable Matters in the Works of Dante. Ardent Media. pp. 566–. GGKEY:P53U8KC8WZR.
Addressed (in 1288) by Pope Nicholas IV as 'Rex Sclavorum'; he signed himself (in 1305 or 1307) in a document still extant in the Venetian archives as ' Stephanus Urosch Rex Serbicarum terrarum et maritimarum '. a [Stefano Urosio.] ...
- Christian Raffensperger (12 March 2012). Reimagining Europe: Kievan Rus’ in the Medieval World. Harvard University Press. pp. 103–. ISBN 978-0-674-06546-8.