King Xuan of Qi

King Xuan of Qi (Chinese: 齊宣王; pinyin: Qí Xuān Wáng; died 301 BC) was from 319 to 301 BC ruler of Qi, one of the seven major states of the Warring States period of ancient China. King Xuan's personal name was Tian Bijiang (田辟疆), ancestral name Gui (), and King Xuan was his posthumous title.[1]

King Xuan of Qi
King of Qi
Reign319–301 BC
PredecessorKing Wei of Qi
SuccessorKing Min of Qi
Died301 BC
SpouseQueen Xuan
Zhongli Chun
IssueKing Min of Qi
Ancestral name: Gui (媯)
Clan name: Tian (田)
Given name: Bijiang (辟疆)
HouseHouse of Tian
FatherKing Wei of Qi

King Xuan succeeded his father King Wei of Qi, who died in 320 BC after 37 years of reign. He reigned for 19 years and died in 301 BC. He was succeeded by his son, King Min of Qi.[1]

In traditional Chinese historiography, king Xuan is best known for receiving advice of Mencius. He is generally credited with the establishment of the Jixia Academy.



  • Queen Xuan (宣後; d. 312 BC)
  • Lady, of the Zhongli lineage of Qi (鍾離氏), personal name Chun ()


  • Lady, of the Xia clan of Qi (夏姓), personal name Yingchun (迎春)


  • Prince Di (公子地; 323–284 BC), ruled as King Min of Qi from 300–284 BC
  • Youngest son, Prince Tong (公子通), the progenitor of the Yan () lineage
    • Granted the fiefdom of Lu ()


Viscount Zhuang of Tian (d. 411 BC)
Duke Tai of Tian Qi (d. 384 BC)
Duke Huan of Tian Qi (400–357 BC)
Consort Xiao
King Wei of Qi (378–320 BC)
King Xuan of Qi (350–301 BC)


  1. ^ a b Han Zhaoqi (韩兆琦) (2010). "House of Tian Jingzhong Wan". Shiji (史记) (in Chinese). Beijing: Zhonghua Book Company. pp. 3688–3695. ISBN 978-7-101-07272-3.
King Xuan of Qi
 Died: 301 BC
Regnal titles
Preceded by King of Qi
319–301 BC
Succeeded by