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King Cheng of Zhou (Chinese: 周成王; pinyin: Zhōu Chéng Wáng; Wade–Giles: Chou Ch'eng Wang) or King Ch'eng of Chou was the second king of the Chinese Zhou Dynasty. The dates of his reign are 1042-1021 BCE or 1042/35-1006 BCE.[5] His parents were King Wu of Zhou and Queen Yi Jiang (邑姜).[6]

King Cheng of Zhou
周成王
King Cheng of Zhou.jpg
King of China[1]
Reign1042–1021 BCE
PredecessorKing Wu of Zhou[2][3]
SuccessorKing Kang of Zhou
RegentDan, Duke of Zhou
Born1055 BCE
Died1021 BCE
SpouseWang Si
IssueKing Kang of Zhou
Full name
Ancestral name: (姬)
Given name: Sòng (誦)
HouseZhou Dynasty[4]
FatherKing Wu of Zhou
MotherYi Jiang

King Cheng was young when he ascended the throne. His uncle, Duke of Zhou, fearing that Shang forces might rise again under the possible weak rule of a young ruler, became the regent and supervised government affairs for several years. Duke of Zhou established the eastern capital at Luoyang, and later defeated a rebellion by Cheng’s uncles[7] Cai Shu, Guan Shu and Huo Shu.[8][9]

King Cheng later stabilized Zhou Dynasty’s border by defeating several barbarian tribes along with the Duke of Zhou.

FamilyEdit

  • Parents:
    • Fa (; d. 1043 BC), ruled as King Wu of Zhou from 1046–1043 BC
    • Yi Jiang, of the Lü lineage of the Jiang clan of Qi (邑姜 姜姓 呂氏), the first daughter of the Great Duke of Qi
  • Queens:
    • Wang Si, of the Si clan (王姒 姒姓), the mother of Crown Prince Zhao
  • Sons:
    • Crown Prince Zhao (太子釗; 1040–996 BC), ruled as King Kang of Zhou from 1020–996 BC

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Cutter, Robert Joe (1989), "Brocade and Blood: The Cockfight in Chinese and English Poetry", Journal of the American Oriental Society, 109 (1): 1–16, doi:10.2307/604332
  2. ^ Chin, Annping. (2007). The Authentic Confucius. Scribner. ISBN 0-7432-4618-7
  3. ^ Keay, John (2009). China A History. Harper Press. ISBN 978-0-00-722178-3.
  4. ^ Chin, Annping. (2007). The Authentic Confucius. Scrubner. ISBN 0-7432-4618-7
  5. ^ Cambridge History of Ancient China.
  6. ^ Book of Rites, Tan Gong I, 1. Accessed 4 Nov 2012.
  7. ^ Edward L. Shaughnessy in Cambridge History of Ancient China, page 311.
  8. ^ Confucius & Confucianism: The Essentials by Lee Dian Rainey
  9. ^ Hucker, Charles O. (1978). China to 1850: a short history. Stanford University Press. ISBN 0-8047-0958-0
King Cheng of Zhou
 Died: 1021 BC
Regnal titles
Preceded by
King Wu of Zhou
King of China
1042–1021 BC
Succeeded by
King Kang of Zhou