King Abdulaziz University (KAU) (Arabic: جامعة الملك عبد العزيز) is a public university in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. With over 117,096 students in 2022, it is the largest university in the country. Located in south Jeddah, the university is the center of teaching and research of the city, comprising 24 faculties, 15 of these are located on the campus and 9 are off-campus. The university also offers some courses that are unavailable at any other universities in Saudi Arabia, such as marine science, meteorology, and astronomy. It was established in 1967 as a private university by a group of businessmen led by Muhammad Bakhashab and including author Hamza Bogary. In 1974, King Abdulaziz University was converted to a public university by a decision of the Saudi Cabinet under King Faisal's orders.
جامعة الملك عبد العزيز
|Motto||اقْرَأْ بِاسْمِ رَبِّكَ|
"Read: in the Name of your Lord" (Quran 96:1)
|Type||Public research university|
|President||Abdulrahman Obaid Al-Youbi|
|Students||117,096 [55,576 Male and 61,520 Female students- Academic session 2022-2023] |
|Campus||Both urban and rural|
It is ranked as the #1 university in the Middle East by U.S. News & World Report Best Global University Ranking and the #1 university in the Arab world by Times Higher Education. King Abdulaziz University has been placed in the top 200 universities in the world by four major ranking indices and among the top 50 universities globally in 2022.
In the year 1964, the idea of establishing a private university in the city of Jeddah was originally put forward by Mohammed Ali Hafiz. In the same year, a preparatory committee of 6 members was formed, including Mohamed Ali Hafiz and Muhammad Abu Bakr Bakhashab. Shortly after, then-Crown Prince Faisal officially approved the idea. In 1965, the university's executive committee was formed. In 1966, the KAU held a competition to design their logo. The winning design was submitted by Abdul-Halim Radwi, a local artist from Jeddah.
In the year 1967, King Abdulaziz University was officially established as a private university, with goals to spread higher education in the western region of Saudi Arabia. Prior to this date, there were no higher-education institutions in Jeddah. These goals were met through efforts of high-ranking businessmen and notable Saudi figures; and additionally with the help of King Faisal's encouragement and financial support. The university started its first academic year in 1968, with a relatively small number of students (68 male - 30 female). In 1969, the first faculty was established (Faculty of Economics and Administration). In 1970, the Faculty of Arts and Humanities was established. The university was named after King Abdulaziz, founder of Saudi Arabia.
Public university (1974-present)Edit
In 1974, the Council of Ministers of Saudi Arabia decided to merge the university with the government; converting it to a public university. As of 2017[update], it had almost 31,000 students, of which 28% are international.
In 2018, it was ranked the 1st Arab university by Times Higher Education due to very strong citation impact and highly international outlook. It also ranked no. 1 in percentage of total publications with international collaboration, according to US News rankings.
Between 2004 and 2014, King Abdulaziz University enacted a program to attract the international community and has welcomed nearly 150 researches or various disciplines. The university has developed international research partners, including in Morocco where it has developed a joint lunar research program with the Astronomic Observatory of Oukaïmeden. The university has 13 different research centers, predominantly in the fields of medicine (medical genomes and osteoperosis), environment and energy, climate change, and desalination.
Founded in the 1970s by Sami Angawi, the research center on pilgrimage to Mecca (Hajj Research Center) conducts a series of works around the religious event, notably on the aspects of logistics surrounding the pilgrimage.
Faculty of EngineeringEdit
- Electrical Engineering
- Computer Engineering
- Biomedical & Electrical Engineering
- Nuclear Engineering
- Aeronautical Engineering
- Chemical & Materials Engineering
- Civil Engineering
- Electrical & Computer Engineering
- Industrial Engineering
- Mining Engineering
- Production Engineering and Mechanical Systems Design
- Thermal Engineering and Desalination Technology
Faculty of Economics and AdministrationEdit
The Faculty of Economics and Administration was the first college to be established in King Abdulaziz University, and until this day it is called "The Base of Founder's University," referring to the founder of the country.
- Department of Business Administration
- Department of Finance
- Department of Marketing
- Department of Human Resource Management
- Department of Accounting
- Department of Management Information Systems
- Department of Political Science
- Department of Health Administration
- Department of Public Administration
- Department of Economics
- Department of Law (defunct in 2012; separated into a new faculty)
In 2015, FEA received its fourth international accreditation, the AACSB making it one of the top business colleges in the middle east and across the world.
Faculty of LawEdit
The Faculty of Law was established in 2012 as it segregated from Faculty of Economics and Administration.
- Public Law
- Private Law
- Faculty of Applied Medical Sciences
- Faculty of Medicine
- Faculty of Medicine at Rabigh
- Faculty of Arts and Humanities
- Faculty of Business
- Faculty of Education
- Faculty of Communication and Media
- Faculty of Computing and Information Technology
- Faculty of Design
- Faculty of Meteorology, Environment and Arid Land Agriculture
- Faculty of Nursing
- Faculty of Sciences
- Faculty of Pharmacy
- Faculty of Dentistry
- Faculty of Earth Sciences
- Faculty of Health Sciences
- Faculty of Environmental Designs
- Faculty of Home Economics
- Faculty of Marine Sciences
- Faculty of Tourism
- Faculty of Maritime Studies
|Global – Overall|
|ARWU World||101-150 (2020)|
|CWTS World||232 (2020)|
|QS World||143 (2021)|
|THE World||201-250 (2021)|
|USNWR Global||44 (2022)|
|Regional – Overall|
|QS Arab region||1 (2020)|
|USNWR Arab countries||1 (2020)|
King Abdulaziz University is ranked between 101 and 150 since 2020 by Academic Ranking of World Universities Furthermore, according to U.S. News & World Report Best Global University Ranking, King Abdulaziz University is ranked 44 in 2022. And according to QS World University Rankings, King Abdulaziz University is ranked at number 143 in 2021 in the world's top universities ranking by the London-based Quacquarelli Symonds (QS).
KAU has faced criticism for allegedly paying highly cited researchers from around the world to cite KAU as a "secondary academic affiliation" in order to boost their rankings. It also faced criticism for its high ranking by Times of Higher Education https://asiatimes.com/2020/03/university-rankings-are-mostly-meaningless/.
This article's list of alumni may not follow Wikipedia's verifiability policy. (November 2018)
- Magda Abu Ras, microbiologist and Deputy Director of the Saudi Environmental Society
- Nahed Taher, Saudi founder and chief executive officer of Gulf One Investment Bank, which has its headquarters in Bahrain. In 2006, Forbes magazine ranked Taher 72nd in the list of the 100 Most Powerful Women in the World.
- Osama bin Laden, founder and former leader of al Qaeda.
- Sulaiman Abdul Aziz Al Rajhi, Saudi billionaire economist, owner of Al Rajhi Bank, the 38th richest person in the world.
- Adel Fakeih, Saudi billionaire engineer and former mayor of Jeddah.
- Muna AbuSulayman, Saudi businesswoman.
- Waleed Abulkhair, Saudi Arabian lawyer and human rights activist.
- Tariq Alhomayed, journalist and former Editor-in-Chief of the Arabic-language newspaper Asharq Alawsat, the youngest person to be appointed that position.
- Samar Alsaggaf, first female Saudi anatomist
- Tasneem Alsultan, Saudi-American photographer and artist, covering stories primarily for The New York Times and National Geographic
- Yahya Al-Hamud, Saudi politician and Governor of Bareq
- Saida Hagi-Dirie Herzi, Somali feminist writer
- Mahfouz Marei Mubarak bin Mahfouz, Saudi businessman and philanthropist
- Saleh bin Nasser Al-Jasser, Saudi Minister of transport
- Manal al-Sharif, Saudi women's rights activist.
- Abdallah Bin Bayyah, Muslim scholar, teaches in the university; Bin Bayyah holds a Mauritanian citizenship
- Adel Al-Hussain, Saudi writer
- Amr Dabbagh, Saudi economist and businessman. Member of World Economic Forum and founder of Jeddah Economic Forum
- Shalimar Sharbatly, Saudi abstract artist
- Said Aqil Siradj, leader of Nahdlatul Ulama, world's largest Islamic organization in Indonesia
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