Kilohana Art League

The Kilohana Art League was formed in 1894 as Honolulu’s first art association. On May 5, 1894,[1] the woodcarver Augusta Graham, the sculptor Allen Hutchinson, and painters D. Howard Hitchcock and Annie H. Park[3] created a forum where local artists could exhibit together and share ideas.[4] Other members included Alfred Richard Gurrey, Sr.[5] and Bessie Wheeler.[6]

Kilohana Art League
1896 meeting card for the Kilohane Art League
1896 meeting card for the Kilohane Art League
Named afterKilo, meaning to observe carefully or to spy, and hana, signifying to do or to work
FormationMay 5, 1894; 128 years ago (1894-05-05)[1]
Founders
  • D. Howard Hitchcock
  • Allen Hutchinson
  • W. M. Graham
  • Annie H. Parke
Founded atHonolulu, Hawaii
Dissolved1913; 109 years ago (1913)
[2]

"Kilohana" is a compound word derived from two Hawaiian language words: kilo meaning to observe carefully or to spy out, and hana, meaning work.[3] The Kilohana Art League was disbanded in 1913, and its funds were transferred to The Outdoor Circle.[7]

OrganizationEdit

The League was organized into sub-organizations known as "circles", such as the Pictorial and Plastic Circle of the Kilohana Art League,[8] the Dramatic Circle of the Kilohana Art League,[8] the Musical Circle of the Kilohana Art League,[9] the Literary Circle of the Kilohana Art League,[10] and the Outdoor Circle of the Kilohana Art League.[11]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Hawaiian Annual 1900, p. 190.
  2. ^ Rodgers 1896, p. 136-140.
  3. ^ a b Rodgers 1896, p. 136.
  4. ^ Severson, Horikawa & Saville 2002, p. xxiv–xxv.
  5. ^ Severson, Horikawa & Saville 2002, p. 111.
  6. ^ Hawaiian Annual 1900, p. 122.
  7. ^ Severson, Horikawa & Saville 2002, p. 104.
  8. ^ a b Rodgers 1896, p. 139.
  9. ^   "Their Musical Artes. Pleasant Evening at Rooms of the Kilohana Art League". Hawaiian Gazette. Vol. XXX, no. 97. 1895-12-06. p. 1. OCLC 192107308, 1052627712, 58410791. Retrieved 2019-02-08.
  10. ^ "Society". Sunday Advertiser. Vol. V, no. 248. Honolulu, Hawaii: Hawaiian Gazette. 1907-09-29. p. 8. ISSN 2375-3137. Retrieved 2019-02-08.
  11. ^ "Of Interest to Women". The Friend. Honolulu, Hawaii: Hawaiian Evangelical Association Board. LXX (4): 92. April 1912. OCLC 1570203. Retrieved 2019-02-08.

SourcesEdit

External linksEdit