Killke culture flourished in highland Peru in the Late Intermediate Period around what is now Cusco. Some suggest they, rather than the Inca, built small sections of the eventually massive fortress, Saksaywaman, during the 12th century.
In 2007, excavations uncovered a temple on the edge of the fortress, indicating religious as well as military use of the site.
Killke ceramics first were described by John H. Rowe. These vessels often are globular with vertical strap-handles and having simple linear geometric decorations of black or black-on-red over a white or buff slip.
It was the American archaeologist John Howland Rowe (1918–2004) who named the Killke culture.
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- Rowe, John Howland, "An Introduction to the Archaeology of Cusco,Papers of the Peabody Museum of American Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard University 27 (2); Rowe, John Howland "Inca Culture,"B.A.E. 21:200
- Dwyer, E. B. 1971. The Early Inca Occupation of the Valley of Cuzco, Peru. Unpublished PhD thesis, University of California, Berkeley.
- Ixer, R. A. "The Petrography of Certain Pre-Spanish Pottery from Peru," https://web.archive.org/web/20111113233438/http://www.goodprovenance.com/incapots.htm. Accessed 15 March 2008.