Kilimanoor is a panchayat and a town in the Chirayinkeezhu taluk of Trivandrum district in Kerala, India. It is located on MC/SH 1 Road, 33 kilometres (21 mi) North-west of the city of Thiruvananthapuram (Trivandrum), 14 km east of Attingal and 20 km (12 mi) east of Varkala.

Kilimanoor
Town
Kilimanoor Nadakashala
Kilimanoor Nadakashala
Kilimanoor is located in Kerala
Kilimanoor
Kilimanoor
Location in Kerala, India
Kilimanoor is located in India
Kilimanoor
Kilimanoor
Kilimanoor (India)
Coordinates: 8°46′01″N 76°52′48″E / 8.767°N 76.88°E / 8.767; 76.88Coordinates: 8°46′01″N 76°52′48″E / 8.767°N 76.88°E / 8.767; 76.88
CountryIndia
StateKerala
DistrictThiruvananthapuram
Government
 • TypeLocal Self Government
 • BodyKilimanoor grama panchayat & Pazhayakunnummel Gramapanchayath
Area
 • Total19.1 km2 (7.4 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total20,515
 • Density1,100/km2 (2,800/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialMalayalam, English
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
695601
Telephone code0470
Vehicle registrationKL 16
Civic agencyKilimanoor Panchayath
The details are for Kilimanoor Panchayath Town
Ancient arch in Kilimanoor
Studio of Raja Ravi Varma
Puthen Malika

HistoryEdit

Kilimanoor ("land of the bird and the deer") was ruled by a Pillai ruling chief and was forfeited to Travancore by Maharaja Marthanda Varma. The estate comprising several villages was then handed over to the family of the father of the King who had come south from Parappanad in Malabar around 1718.[1] was ruled by a chief during time of the Ettuveetil Pillamar in the kingdom of Travancore. The chief rebelled against the Maharajah Marthanda Varma, and the region was annexed and later given to the Royal House of Kilimanoor.[2]

This Royal House of Kilimanoor has a history of more than 300 years. In 1705 (ME 880), the son and two daughters of Ittammar Raja of Beypore Thattarikovilakam, a Parappanad royal house, were adopted by the Royal house of Venad. Parappanad was actually the ruling family of Parappanangadi in present-day Malappuram district. Ittammar Raja's sister and her sons, Rama Varma and Raghava Varma, settled in Kilimanoor and married the now-adopted sisters. Marthanda Varma, the founder of the Kingdom of Travancore was the son of Raghava Varma. Raghava Varma's nephew, Ravi Varma Koil Thampuran, married Marthanda Varma's sister. Their son came to be known as Dharma Raja Kartika Thirunnal Rama Varma. In 1740, when an allied force led by Dutch Captain Hockert supporting the Deshinganadu king attacked Venad, an army from Kilimanoor tactfully resisted and then defeated them. Although a small victory, this was the first time an Indian army defeated a European power. In recognition of this feat, Marthanda Varma, in 1753, exempted the areas under control of Kilimanoor Palace from taxes and proclaimed autonomous status. The present palace complex was also built during this time along with the Ayyappa temple for the family deity.

Velu Thampi Dalawa held meetings at the Kilimanoor Palace, planning his revolts against the British. He handed over his sword at the palace before going for his final battle against the British. India's First President, Dr. Rajendra Prasad received the sword from the palace, and it is now kept at the National Museum, New Delhi. Subsequently, placed at the Napier Museum in the capital city of Kerala.

PoliticsEdit

The Communist Party of India (Marxist) (CPI(M)) and Communist Party of India (CPI) have a strong base. Attingal Constituency (Scheduled Caste reserved) is part of Attingal (Lok Sabha constituency).[3]

TransportationEdit

Kilimanoor is on the Main Central Road. It is connected to the whole major destination by buses run by KSRTC from the Kilimanoor bus depot. Kilimanoor is only 33 kilometres (21 mi) away from Thiruvananthapuram. The nearest airport is Trivandrum International Airport. The nearest major railway station is Varkala Railway Station which is 20 km (12 mi) from Kilimanoor.

Educational organizationsEdit

  • MGM Polytechnic College, Kilimanoor
  • Rajadhani Institute of Engineering, Nagaroor, Kilimanoor[4]
  • Sree Shankara Vidyapeetom College, Nagaroor, Kilimanoor[5]
  • Vidya Academy of Science And Technology, Kilimanoor[6]

ClimateEdit

Climate data for Kilimanoor, Kerala
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 30.0
(86.0)
30.9
(87.6)
32.1
(89.8)
32.1
(89.8)
31.9
(89.4)
29.7
(85.5)
29.2
(84.6)
29.6
(85.3)
29.9
(85.8)
29.7
(85.5)
29.3
(84.7)
29.4
(84.9)
30.3
(86.6)
Average low °C (°F) 22.5
(72.5)
23.2
(73.8)
24.6
(76.3)
25.4
(77.7)
25.5
(77.9)
24.2
(75.6)
23.7
(74.7)
23.8
(74.8)
23.9
(75.0)
23.9
(75.0)
23.5
(74.3)
22.7
(72.9)
23.9
(75.0)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 21
(0.8)
30
(1.2)
56
(2.2)
142
(5.6)
218
(8.6)
382
(15.0)
295
(11.6)
195
(7.7)
184
(7.2)
283
(11.1)
207
(8.1)
61
(2.4)
2,074
(81.5)
Source: Climate-Data.org[7]

Notable peopleEdit

Tourist attractionsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ (See page 4 in Madras Presidency Records, 1915, Supt, Government Press, Madras.)
  2. ^ Aiya 1906, p. 329.
  3. ^ "Assembly Constituencies — Corresponding Districts and Parliamentary Constituencies" (PDF). Kerala. Election Commission of India. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 March 2009. Retrieved 21 October 2008.
  4. ^ http://riet.edu.in/
  5. ^ http://www.sreesankaratrust.org/ssvk.htm
  6. ^ http://vidyatcklmr.ac.in/
  7. ^ "CLIMATE: KILIMANOOR", Climate-Data.org. Web: [1].
  8. ^ "Raja Ravi Varma Art Gallery Opened- The New Indian Express".
Bibliography