Kyivnaukfilm (Ukrainian: Київнаукфільм),[1] also Kievnauchfilm (Russian: Киевнаучфильм) and sometimes translated as Kyiv Science Film, was a film studio in the Soviet Union located in Kyiv, Ukrainian SSR.[2] Although it was created in 1941 to produce popular science films,[3] it eventually became best known for its animated films, and remained active in Ukrainian animation for decades.[4]

Company typeGovernment enterprise
HeadquartersKyiv, Ukraine
ProductsAnimation, TV films
OwnerUkSSR, Ukraine

Description edit

Its main task was production of popular science films and documentaries covering a broad range of topics.[4] In 1959, Kyivnaukfilm (an abbreviation for "Kyiv Science Films"), under Hippolyte Lazarchuk expanded into animation.[5] In addition, it released 342 animated films, a large number of which are still popular today, such as a series about Zaporozhian Cossacks called Cossacks (directed by Volodymyr Dakhno),[4] Adventures of Captain Wrongel series, Doctor Aybolit, and a version of Treasure Island (all three directed by David Cherkassky). The studio's films received numerous awards at international and national film festivals, such as the World Festival of Animated Film in Zagreb for Iryna Hurvych's How Women Sold Men and the Animated Film Festival in New York.[5]

Film director Felix Sobolev (Animals' Tongue, I and Others, Can Animals Think?)[6] and studio Editor-in-Chief Yevheniy Zahdanskyi are considered to be trailblazers and figures of major influence in the documentary field in the former Soviet Union. By 1966 the studio released over 400 films annually.

With the dissolution of the Soviet Union, Kyivnaukfilm went into decline and was renamed National Cinematheque of Ukraine, and spun off the animation division under the name "Ukranimafilm".[5]

In 1993 Kyinaukfilm produced Unknown Ukraine: Sketches of Our History, a series of 104 films presenting a comprehensive history of Ukraine.[7]

Reorganization edit

On March 29, 2019, in accordance with the order of the Ministry of Culture of Ukraine No. 256 "On the Reorganization of the State Enterprise "Ukrainian Animation Film Studio", the film studio "Ukranimafilm" was merged with the "Dovzhenko-Center," which became its legal successor.[8]

Filmography edit

Animation edit

  • Adventures of Pepper («Пригоди Перця» 1961)[9]
  • Cossacks series (1967-1995), director Volodymyr Dakhno.[4]
    • How the Cossacks cooked Kulish («Як козаки куліш варили», 1967)
    • How the Cossacks played football («Як козаки у футбол грали», 1970)
    • How the Cossacks rescued the brides («Як козаки наречених визволяли», 1973)
    • How the Cossacks bought the salt («Як козаки сіль купували», 1975)
    • How the Cossacks became the Olympians («Як козаки олімпійцями стали», 1978)
    • How the Cossacks helped the Musketeers («Як козаки мушкетерам допомагали», 1979)
    • How the Cossacks enjoyed the wedding («Як козаки на весіллі гуляли», 1984)
    • How the Cossacks met the aliens («Як козаки інопланетян зустрічали», 1987)
    • How the Cossacks played hockey («Як козаки в хокей грали», 1995)
  • Mykyta the Tanner («Микита Кожум'яка» 1965), directed by Nina Vasylenko, cinematography by Anatoliy Havrylov.[10]
  • Ivasyk-Telesyk, puppet animation directed by Leonid Zarubin and written by Yukhym Chepovetskyi, («Івасик-Телесик» 1968)[11]
  • Adventures of the Cossack Aeneas («Пригоди козака Енея» 1969)
  • The Man Who Could Work Miracles - adaptation of H. G. Wells' "The Man Who Could Work Miracles", director Yefrem Pruzhanskyy, («Людина, яка вміла робити дива» 1969)
  • Kotyhoroshko («Котигорошко» 1970)[12][13]
  • How the Hedgehog and the Bear Celebrated the New Year («Як їжачок і ведмедик зустрічали Новий Рік» 1975)[14]
  • How the bear was fed («Як годували ведмежа» 1976)
  • Musical tales («Музичні казки» 1976)
  • Adventures of Captain Wrongel series («Пригоди капітана Врунгеля» 1976-1979), director David Cherkassky[4]
  • Adventures of Vakula the Smith («Пригоди кузнеця Вакули» 1977)
  • First Whinter («Перша зима» 1978)
  • Golden-horned Deer («Золоторогий олень» 1979)
  • How the table was carried («Як несли стіл» 1979)
  • Kapitoshka - Water Bubble («Капітошка» 1980)
  • Once Upon a Time There Were Matrioshkas («Жили собі матрьошки» 1981)
  • Alice in Wonderland («Аліса у Дивокраї» 1981)
  • Through the Looking-Glass, and What Alice Found There («Аліса в Задзеркаллі» 1982)
  • How the First Letter Was Written («Як було написано першого листа» 1984)[15]
  • The Meeting («Зустіч» 1984)[16]
  • Doctor Aybolit (1984), director David Cherkassky[4][17]
  • Srazhenie (Russian: Сражение - meaning "Battle"; adaptation of Stephen King's short story "Battleground", directed by Mikhail Titov. («Бій» 1986)[16]
  • Treasure Island («Острів скарбів» 1988), director David Cherkassky
  • Ivasyk-Telesyk cartoon animation directed and written by Alla Hrachova, («Івасик-Телесик» 1989)[18]
  • Cat and Rooster - Ukrainian folk tale Cat and Rooster adaptation, Kyivnaukfilm / Ukranimafilm, written and directed by Alla Hrachova («Котик та Півник» 1991).[19]
  • The Tree Pans series (1989-1991)
    • The Tree Pans («Три Паньки» 1989)
    • Three Pans Are Housekeeping («Три Паньки хазяйнують» 1990)
    • Three Pans at the Fair («Три Паньки на ярмарку» 1991)

Popular science / documentaries edit

  • The Blown up Dawn, Взорванный рассвет, 1965, director Felix Sobolev
  • Animals' Language, Язык животных, 1967, director Felix Sobolev
  • Seven Steps beyond Horizon, Семь шагов за горизонт, 1968, director Felix Sobolev
  • Can Animals Think? Думают ли животные? 1970, director Felix Sobolev
  • Myself and Others, Я и другие, 1971, director Felix Sobolev
  • Indian yogis. Who are they? Индийские йоги — кто они? 1970, director Almar Serebryanikov
  • Echo of our Emotions, Луна наших эмоций (1977)
  • People and Dolphins, Люди и дельфины (1983), director Volodymyr Khmelnytskyi
  • Vavilov's Star, Звезда Вавилова, 1984, director Anatoliy Borsuk, screenwriter Serhiy Dyachenko[20]
  • Экспертиза одной сенсации, 1985, (about pseudoscience), director Lev Vdovenko
  • A Footprint, Отпечаток, 1985, director Anatoliy Borsuk
  • A Man from 6am through Midnight, Человек с шести до полуночи, 1987, (about everyday struggles of a young professional engineer in the Soviet Union), director Andrei Zagdansky
  • Interpretation of Dreams, Толкование сновидений, 1989, (Freudian interpretation and "equation" of communism and nazism) director Andrei Zagdansky
  • Rauol Valenberg's Mission, Миссия Рауля Валенберга, 1990, director Alexander Rodnyansky

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ "Володимир Дахно. Як козаки в тридев'яте царство не дійшли". (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 2022-10-31.
  2. ^ Soviet Life. Embassy of the Union of the Soviet Socialist Republics in the USA. 1978. pp. 58–64.
  3. ^ Potapskaya, Irina. "Screen", Soviet Life, February 1978, p. 56
  4. ^ a b c d e f Cowen, Eleanor (2020-09-22). Animation Behind the Iron Curtain. Indiana University Press. pp. 62–68. ISBN 978-0-86196-974-6.
  5. ^ a b c Review, The Odessa (2017-08-02). "On The 90th Anniversary Of Ukrainian Animation". Odessa Review. Retrieved 2022-04-14.
  6. ^ "Отравление адреналином. Документалист на "фабрике грез"" [Adrenaline poisoning. Documentary filmmaker at the "dream factory"]. The Art of Cinema (in Russian) (8). August 2008. Archived from the original on 20 October 2020. Retrieved 5 March 2021.
  7. ^ Kasianov, Georgiy. Memory Crash: Politics of History in and around Ukraine, 1980s–2010s, Central European University Press, 2022, p. 215 ISBN 9789633863817
  8. ^ "The "UkrAnimaFilm" studio will become part of the Dovzhenko Center". (in Ukrainian). 2019-04-11. Retrieved 2024-03-07.
  9. ^ Priklyucheniya Pertsa (Short 1961) - IMDb, retrieved 2023-04-22
  10. ^ Mykyta the Tanner (1965), retrieved 2023-04-23
  11. ^ Ivasik-telesik (1968) - IMDb, retrieved 2023-04-22
  12. ^ Katigoroshek - Roll Peas (TV Short 1970) - IMDb, retrieved 2023-04-21
  13. ^ "Котигорошек смотреть онлайн бесплатно в хорошем качестве". Retrieved 2023-04-21.
  14. ^ Crump, William D., Happy Holidays--Animated!, McFarland, 2019, p. 143 ISBN 9781476672939
  15. ^ ""HOW THE FIRST LETTER WAS WRITTEN"". Retrieved 14 April 2022.
  16. ^ a b "Ukraine | Candlelight Stories". Retrieved 2022-04-14.
  17. ^ Dr. Aibolit (TV Series 1984–1985) - IMDb, retrieved 2023-04-10
  18. ^ Ivasyk-Telesyk (1989), retrieved 2023-04-22
  19. ^ Kotyk ta Pivnyk (TV Short 1991) - IMDb, retrieved 2023-04-24
  20. ^ "Ukrainian sci-fi writer Serhiy Dyachenko dies aged 77". Retrieved 2022-10-31.

External links edit