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Khidirpur or Kidderpore is a neighborhood of metropolitan Kolkata (Calcutta), in Kolkata district, West Bengal, India.

Kidderpore
Neighbourhood in Kolkata (Calcutta)
Country  India
State West Bengal
City Kolkata
District Kolkata
Municipal Corporation Kolkata Municipal Corporation
KMC wards 76, 77, 79, 80
Time zone UTC+5:30 (IST)
Area code(s) +91 33
Lok Sabha constituency Kolkata Dakshin
Vidhan Sabha constituency Kolkata Port, Bhabanipur

Contents

EtymologyEdit

Most plausibly, the name is a corruption of Khidrpur or Khizarpur, Khizr/Khidr being the guardian saint of the seas to the fishing communities of Bengal. Another theory points out that the port probably got its name from Lord Kyde, a 19th-century engineer who designed and supervised the building of the lock gate that connects the nearby port to the Hooghly River.

HistoryEdit

Even after the British had set up their settlements in Kalikata, Sutanuti and Gobindapur, many independent zamindars survived till 1757. They held large landed properties in Gobindapur and elsewhere. When the Gobindapur area was cleared for the construction of the new Fort William, they had to be given alternative land elsewhere: Debs in Shobhabazar, the Thakurs in Pathuriaghata and Jorasanko, and the Ghosals in Bhukailas (Kidderpore). The founder of the Bhukailas zemindar family, who was dewan of Harry Verest, left Gobindapur and built a palatial rajbati in Kidderpore and named it Bhukailas. [1] [2]

In earlier days, thanas (police stations) also looked after the civic needs of the people. The earliest list of thanas in old Kolkata was prepared in 1785 and in 1888, these thanas were regrouped under 25 Police Section Houses. The 25 wards created under the Calcutta Municipal Act of 1889, precisely matched these divisions. In this area, there were two Police Section Houses – at Watgunge and Ekbalpur.[3](For full list of Police Section Houses, see Dihi Panchannagram)

Writing in 1909, H.E.A. Cotton mentions, “Kidderpore, which lies to the west of Alipore, is extensively populated principally by natives.”[4]

In the early years of British rule, Kolkata port was a river anchorage, where sailing ships would load and unload in mid-stream. The shore-based Calcutta Jetties, with cranes and sheds, came into operation in 1869. In 1884, Kidderpore was selected as the site for the wet docks of the Port of Kolkata, and it was ready in 1892. King George (later renamed Netaji Subhas) Dock was added in 1928. Haldia Dock System is part of Kolkata port. Its first unit, Haldia oil jetty, was commissioned in 1969. Kolkata port was the premier port of India till the early 1950s. In 1950-51, out of the total traffic of 19.3 MT at all the major ports of the country, Kolkata handled 7.6 MT. In 1988-89, Kolkata handled 14.22 MT against 142 MT of all ports taken together. Calcutta Jetties were closed down in 1965-66. Garden Reach jetties have also been closed down. The total labour force of the port declined from 42,946 in 1967 to 25,761 in 1990.[5]

In the field of Indian literature, this part of Kolkata produced three jewel poets. They were Rongolal Bandhopadhyay, Hemchandra Bandopadhyay and Michael Madhushudan Dutta.

Michael Madhusudan Dutt (1824–1873) was born at Sagordari in Jessore District (now in Bangladesh), and came to Kolkata at the age of 7. After studying initially at Kidderpore School, he joined Hindu College in 1933. However, after converting to Christianity, his relations with his father was strained.[6]

GeographyEdit

Kidderpore is located at 22°32′N 88°19′E / 22.53°N 88.32°E / 22.53; 88.32.[7] It has an average elevation of 9 m (30 ft).

Located in the central-west part of the city, it is bounded by the Alipore in the east, Mominpur in the south, Hastings in the north, Garden Reach and Metiabruz in the south-west, and the Hooghly River in the west.

It is home to people from walks of life and one of the most sought-after place as far as location & connectivity to other popular places is concerned.

Police districtEdit

South Port police station is part of the Port division of Kolkata Police. Located at 1, Satya Doctor Road, Kolkata-700023, it has jurisdiction over the police district which is bordered on the north from a point determined by the highest watermark on River Hooghly near Nalanda Engineering Company of Howrah side opposite to the western wall of the Hooghly Jute Mill on Calcutta side and the following the highest watermark moving eastward and further north uphill to the northern end of the Bengal Jute Mills buildings on the Howrah side, thence crossing the River Hooghly along the shortest line up to a point on the eastern side of Strand Road, Calcutta, opposite to the extreme southern end of Outram Ghat Landing stage, including all that portion of the River Hooghly from the above northern boundary and all that floats thereon; on the east from a point on the eastern limits of Strand Road opposite the extreme southern end of Outram Ghat Landing stage, thence along the eastern limits of Strand Road up to its junction with Napier Road, near Marine House, thence following the eastern limits of Napier Road up to the Hastings Bridge, then Hastings Bridge itself till it meets Garden Reach Road, thence by the western limits of Garden Reach Road to its junction with Shasthitala Road, then by the western limits of Shasthitala Road and Satya Doctor Road up to its junction with Karl Marx Sarani (old Circular Garden Reach Road), thence crossing Satya Doctor Road eastward by the northern boundary of Karl Marx Sarani up to the north-west corner of the junction of Ramanath Pal Road and Karl Marx Sarani, thence crossing Ramanath Pal Road to the north-east corner of the said junction, thence crossing Karl Marx Sarani, southward by the eastern limits of Bhukailash Road up to Port Commissioner's boundary near Remount Road, thence proceeding eastward along the Port Commissioner's boundary and southern limits of Jala Lane up to its junction with Diamond Harbour Road, thence southward by the western limits of Diamond Harbour Road up to the northern limits of the Budge Budge railway line fencing crossing Majerhat Bridge; on the south from the junction point of the western limits of Diamond Harbour Road and north fencing of the Budge Budge railway line, thence westward along the northern limits of Budge Budge railway lines up to the north-east corner of the junction of the Budge Budge railway line and Hide Road; and on the west from the north-east corner of the junction of the northern fencing of the Budge Budge railway line and Hide Road, thence northward by the eastern limits of Hide Road to the south-east corner of the junction of Karl Marx Sarani and Hide Road, thence eastward along the southern limits of Karl Marx Sarani to a point opposite to north-east corner of the junction of Dumayune Avenue and Karl Marx Sarani, thence crossing Karl Marx Sarani by the shortest line which meets the western boundary wall of the Khidderpore Dock and thence northward along the eastern limits of Dumayune Avenue till it reaches the junction of Garden Reach Road, thence crossing Garden Reach Road by a straight line to a point on the southern wall of Hooghly Jute Mill and thence westward along the northern limits of Garden Reach Road till the end of the western wall of the Hooghly Jute Mill and thence along the western wall of said jute mill to the bank of River Hooghly and across the river by a straight line northwards up to the point on the opposite bank on Howrah side, defined by the highest watermark near Nalanda Engineering Company.[8]

Watgunge Women police station, located at 16, Watgunge Street, Kolkata-700023, covers all police districts under the jurisdiction of the Port division i.e. North Port, South Port, Watgunge, West Port, Garden Reach, Ekbalpur, Nadial, Rajabagan and Metiabruz.[8]

See also - Watgunge police station and Ekbalpur police station

TransportEdit

Kidderpore Bridge is one of the few bridges in Kolkata that has trams plying across it. The Kidderpore Tram Depot connects locations like Kalighat, Tollygunge and Ballygunge, etc. The main Kidderpore intersection is connected with northern, southern and central Kolkata by various private and state bus services. Shared autos ply from nearby distances are an affordable option. Kidderpore can also be accessed by the Kolkata Circular Railway, which has a station in the locality.

High-rise residential buildingsEdit

  • Dhanshree Towers.
  • Merlin Riverview.
  • Ideal Tower.
  • Sukhmani Imperia.
  • Vinayak Florenza

Medical facilitiesEdit

The area is well served by several major hospitals:

  • Calcutta Medical Research Institute, Alipore
  • BM Birla Heart Research Centre, Alipore
  • Kothari Medical Research Center, Alipore
  • SSKM Hospital (Government Hospital), approx. 1 km away
  • Ekbalpur Nursing Home .
  • Bangur Institute of Neurology, approx. 1 km away
  • Shambhunath Pandit Hospital, approx. 1.5 km away
  • SSKM Poly Clinic besides of Shambhunath Pandit Hospital
  • Woodlands Hospital, Alipore
  • Institute of Psychiatry, D.L. Khan Road.

Educational institutionsEdit

  • St Thomas School, Kolkata is the second oldest school in India, and the oldest in West Bengal.
  • Jawahar Lal Nehru Vidyapith
  • Moulana Azad Urdu School.
  • The Kidderpore Academy
  • Jnan Chandra Ghosh College of Polytechnique
  • Adarsh Hindi High School
  • Khidirpur College
  • St. Paul's School Kidderpore, Diamond Harbour Road
  • St. Teresa Secondary School, Diamond Harbour Road
  • Lajpat Hindi High School
  • Loyola High School
  • Kendriya Vidyalaya, Command Hospital
  • Sarat Chandra Paul Girls High School
  • Sir Syed High School (Urdu)
  • Kidderpore Urdu Girls Primary School
  • Kidderpore Oriya High School
  • Kidderpore Balika Vidyatan
  • Bankim Ghosh Smriti Uchha Balika Vidyalaya
  • Jnan Bhaskar Vidyalaya
  • Thomas Day High School
  • St Barnabas High School
  • Grace International School.
  • Evergreen High school .
  • Kidder Pore Muslim High Secondary School
  • Child Care Primary School, Ram Kamal Street
  • Shri Shanti Niketan Vidyalaya, Daighat
  • Francium tutorial institution

Places of interestEdit

Restaurants & EateriesEdit

  • India Restaurant
  • Meridian Inn
  • Panchu Babu ( 25 Pally)
  • Kanai ( Snacks & Tea )
  • Fancy Snack Bar

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Nair, P.Thankappan, The Growth and Development of Old Calcutta, in Calcutta, the Living City, Vol. I, p. 11, Edited by Sukanta Chaudhuri, Oxford University Press, 1995 edition.
  2. ^ Patree, Purnendu, Purano Kolkatar Kathachitra, (a book on History of Calcutta), (in Bengali), first published 1979, 1995 edition, p. 397, Dey’s Publishing, ISBN 81-7079-751-9.
  3. ^ Nair, P.Thankappan, The Growth and Development of Old Calcutta, in Calcutta, the Living City, Vol. I, pp. 15-20, Edited by Sukanta Chaudhuri, Oxford University Press, 1995 edition.
  4. ^ Cotton, H.E.A., Calcutta Old and New, first published 1909/reprint 1980, page 224, General Printers and Publishers Pvt. Ltd.
  5. ^ Ray, Animesh, "The Calcutta Port", in “Calcutta, The Living City” Vol II, Edited by Sukanta Chaudhuri, Pages 123-127, First published 1990, 2005 edition, ISBN 019 563697
  6. ^ Sengupta, Subodh Chandra and Bose, Anjali (editors), (1976/1998), Sansad Bangali Charitabhidhan (Biographical dictionary) Vol I, (in Bengali), p. 393, ISBN 81-85626-65-0
  7. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Kidderpore
  8. ^ a b "Kolkata Police". Port Division. KP. Retrieved 21 March 2018. 

External linksEdit

  Kolkata/South travel guide from Wikivoyage