Khunzakh (Avar: Хунзахъ, pronounced [ˈχun.zäqχː], Russian: Хунзах) is a rural locality (a selo) and the administrative center of Khunzakhsky District in the Republic of Dagestan, Russia, located in the North Caucasus mountains 1,600 meters (5,200 ft) above sea level. Population: 4,245 (2010 Census);[1] 3,694 (2002 Census);[2] 2,901 (1989 Census).[3]

Aerial view of Khunzakh

Coordinates: 42°32′42″N 46°42′25″E / 42.54500°N 46.70694°E / 42.54500; 46.70694

HistoryEdit

It is widely accepted among historians that in the period of 5th to 12th century AD, Khunzakh, known as Humraj, was the capital of Sarir, a powerful Christian state in the mountains of Caucasus.

Khunzakh served as the capital of the Caucasian Avar Khanate from the early 13th century until the Caucasian War which ended with the annexation of the khanate into Russia in 1864. During the Russian Empire, the settlement was the administrative capital of the Avarsky Okrug.

CultureEdit

Khunzakh is considered[by whom?] the cultural heart of the Caucasian Avar region.[citation needed]

Notable NativesEdit

Heroes of Socialist Labor:

Political and military figures:

  • Abukhosro, the ruler of the state formation Khunzakh nutsalstvo in the middle of the VIII century.
  • Saratan I (XI century), nutsal (ruler) of the state formation Avar nutsalstvo.
  • Surakat I, Avar Nutsal, who ruled according to approximately one data, in the XI century, according to others, in the XII century or in the XIII century.
  • Bayar II, (XII century) - the son of the Avar nutsal and Surakat.
  • Andunik, also Amir-Sultan, (end of the 12th century - beginning of the 13th century) - the son of Baisar, the Avar nutsal.
  • Malik Saratan, also Saratan II is the son and heir of Amir-Sultan.
  • Andunik I, the ruler (nutsal) of the Avar nutsaldom in the second half of the 15th century.
  • Muhammad-Shamkhal - Avar Nutsal. Ruled from 1578 to 1589
  • Umma Khan IV - (at the end of 1735 or at the beginning of 1736) - the ruler of the Avar Khanate at the beginning of the 18th century
  • Muhammad-nutsal IV - (1730 or 1731-1774), ruler of the Avar Khanate from 1735 to 1774.
  • Umma Khan of Avar, nicknamed the Great or Mad (1761 or 1762 - March 22, 1801) - Avar Nutsal, ruler of the Avar Khanate from 1774 to 1801.
  • Hiriyasul Alibek - (beginning of the 19th century - 1839), a military leader of the North Caucasian Imamate.
  • Akhberdil Mohammed (1803 - June 18, 1843), General and Mudir of Imam Shamil.
  • Hadji Murad - (1818 - May 5, 1852) - military leader, Naib of Imam Shamil.
  • Fataali Avar (? - October 1877), military leader, naib of Imam Shamil.
  • Maksud Alikhanov-Avarskiy (1846-1907), lieutenant general, governor of the Tiflis province.
  • Zagid Gadzhiev (1898-1971) - poet, translator and playwright, editor. People's poet of the Dagestan ASSR.
  • Zagidat Magomedbekova (1920-1999), Soviet and Georgian Caucasian linguist, Dagestanologist.

Panoramic viewsEdit

Panorama of the town

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1 [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  2. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  3. ^ Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 – via Demoscope Weekly.