Khrabrovo Airport

Khrabrovo Airport (Russian Аэропорт Храброво) (IATA: KGD, ICAO: UMKK), also appearing in historical documents as Powunden Airfield[2], is the airport of Kaliningrad, located 24 kilometers (15 mi) north of the city near the village of Khrabrovo. While it mostly serves scheduled domestic destinations, part of it is still a military base of the Russian Air Force.

Khrabrovo Kaliningrad Airport

Аэропорт Храброво
Khrab logo.png
Kaliningrad 05-2017 img76 Khrabrovo Airport.jpg
Airport typePublic/Military
LocationKaliningrad, Russia
Elevation AMSL42 ft / 13 m
Coordinates54°53′24″N 20°35′33″E / 54.89000°N 20.59250°E / 54.89000; 20.59250Coordinates: 54°53′24″N 20°35′33″E / 54.89000°N 20.59250°E / 54.89000; 20.59250
KGD is located in Kaliningrad Oblast
Location of airport in Kaliningrad
Direction Length Surface
ft m
06/24 10,990 3,350 Concrete
Statistics (2018)
Passenger change 17-18Increase20.13%
Source: Kaliningrad International Airport[1]


In 1922, the joint Russian-German joint venture Deruluft started flights on the first scheduled international route, from Königsberg (Devau airport) to Moscow. During World War II the airfield was taken over for military use. After the war the airport was transferred to the Civil Air Fleet of the USSR in 1945, but military aircraft continued to be based at the airfield.

In the 1950s Khrabrovo was a major operating location for Ilyushin Il-28 (Beagle) tactical bombers, and at least one MiG-15 (Fagot) was observed at the airfield.[2] At this time it was known as Kaliningrad/Powunden Airfield.

By the 1960s the airfield was regaining its use for civil air transport, and a Joint Air Squadron was formed in 1961. The use of "Kaliningrad/Powunden" by Western intelligence ceased after July 1962 and the airfield became known as "Khrabrovo". At that time, the runway was listed as having a length of 1920 m (6290 ft) with alert aprons and 20 hardstands, but no aircraft were observed.[3]

In 1977 the first Tupolev Tu-134 operations began, followed by the construction of a passenger terminal in 1979. Tupolev Tu-154 service began in 1988.

In 1992 the enterprise separated from Vnukovo Production association and became an independent entity. The following year the first scheduled international flights began. The air enterprise was renamed "Kaliningrad Avia" in 1997, but fell into receivership in 2001. The airport changed ownership the following year and became a joint stock company. In 2004 the runway, apron, and navigation facilities were rebuilt. The new air enterprise was renamed KD Avia in 2005, with the new terminal opened in 2007. In 2009 KD Avia airlines ceased operation.

FIFA-2018 re-constructionEdit

Airport's terminal entrance being partially demolished and reconstructed

In July 2016, Novaport bought the Khrabrovo Airport from Aeroinvest.[4] As part of Russia's preparations to host the 2018 FIFA World Cup, On July 2017 a new terminal was put into operation. In addition the airport infrastructure was modernized and this included the lengthening and reinforcement of the runway, the installation of new radiotechnical, lighting, and weather forecast equipment and construction of new aircraft parking spaces and a high-speed taxiway.[5]

The reconstruction of the passenger terminal and the runway enlargement were officially finished on 27th of April 2018[6][7].

Airlines and destinationsEdit

The old terminal under reconstruction and merging with new terminal
Interior of the old terminal
Aeroflot Moscow–Sheremetyevo
airBaltic Riga (resumes 29 March 2020)
Azimuth Kaluga,[8] Krasnodar,[9][10] Rostov-on-Don
Azur Air Seasonal charter: Dalaman,[11] Dubai–Al Maktoum[12]
Belavia Minsk
Seasonal: Brest, Gomel
LOT Polish Airlines Warsaw–Chopin
Pobeda Moscow–Vnukovo, Saint Petersburg
RusLineBelgorod, Syktyvkar,[13] Voronezh
Rossiya Airlines Saint Petersburg
S7 Airlines Moscow–Domodedovo
Severstal Air Company Cherepovets
Smartavia Moscow–Domodedovo
Ural Airlines Moscow–Domodedovo,[14] Saint Petersburg, Yekaterinburg
Utair Moscow–Vnukovo
UVT Aero Kazan, Nizhny Novgorod, Perm, Volgograd
Uzbekistan Airways Tashkent


Annual trafficEdit

Annual Passenger Traffic[15][16]
Year Passengers % Change
2010 1,024,000  
2011 1,229,017   20%
2012 1,188,422   3.3%
2013 1,314,046   10.6%
2014 1,460,054   11.1%
2015 1,542,360   5.6%
2016 1,570,854   1.8%
2017 1,780,000   13.9%
2018 2,149,413   20.13%

Ground transportationEdit

The bus line No. 244э connects the airport with the Kaliningrad Main Bus/Railway Station.[17]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "Report on 2018 passenger traffic data from Kaliningrad International Airport website". Khrabrovo International Airport. 18 January 2019. Retrieved 13 June 2019.
  2. ^ a b AIRFIELD ACTIVITY IN THE USSR AND SATELLITES (BASED ON(Sanitized)PHOTOGRAPHY), October 1957, CREST: CIA-RDP78T04753A000300040010-6, Central Intelligence Agency, Washington, DC.
  3. ^ MCI MISSION 9040 28-31 JULY 1962, April 1963, CREST: CIA-RDP78B04560A000700010048-9, Central Intelligence Agency, Washington, DC.
  4. ^ "Businessman Roman Trotsenko bought two Russian airport". 6 July 2016. Retrieved 9 May 2017.
  5. ^ "Kaliningrad airport's new terminal put in operation". Russian Aviation Insider. 26 July 2017. Retrieved 2 March 2018.
  6. ^ "Калининградский аэропорт Храброво открылся после реконструкции". 27 April 2018.
  7. ^ "В Калининграде торжественно открыли аэропорт «Храброво»". 27 April 2018.
  8. ^ Liu, Jim (23 April 2019). "AZIMUTH schedules domestic new routes in S19". Routesonline. Retrieved 23 April 2019.
  9. ^ Liu, Jim (22 August 2019). "AZIMUTH schedules new routes from late-Sep 2019". Routesonline. Retrieved 22 August 2019.
  10. ^ Плохотниченко, Юрий (22 July 2019). ""Азимут" будет летать из Краснодара в Калининград". (in Russian). Retrieved 23 July 2019.
  11. ^ Liu, Jim (14 May 2019). "AZUR Air schedules new sectors in S19". Routesonline. Retrieved 14 May 2019.
  12. ^ Liu, Jim (6 August 2019). "Azur Air expands Dubai network in W19". Routesonline.
  13. ^ Liu, Jim (20 December 2019). "RusLine adds new domestic sectors in 1Q20". Routesonline. Retrieved 20 December 2019.
  14. ^ Liu, Jim (5 August 2019). "Ural Airlines outlines A320neo service from mid-Aug 2019". Routesonline. Retrieved 5 August 2019.
  15. ^ Названо число туристов. "приехавших в Калининград на новогодние каникулы". РБК.
  16. ^ UMKK. "News".
  17. ^ [1]

External linksEdit

  Media related to Khrabrovo Airport at Wikimedia Commons