Khoshut Khanate

The Khoshut Khanate was an Oirat khanate based in the Tibetan Plateau from 1642 to 1717.

Khoshut Khanate
Location of the Khoshut Khanate
Location of the Khoshut Khanate
StatusNomadic empire
Tibetan Buddhism
• Established
• Disestablished
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Dzungar Khanate
Today part ofChina


It is also referred to as Heshuote Khanate (和碩特汗國), State of Khoshut, or Quoshote Khanate. In Cyrillic it is spelled Хошууд.


Tibet was invaded by Mongols during the Yuan dynasty. In 1642, the Khoshut local government was established by Güshi Khan, a Khoshut prince and leader of the Upper Mongols. He reunified Tibet under the political and spiritual authority of the 5th Dalai Lama as leader of Tibet. With Güshi Khan as a largely uninvolved overlord, the Dalai Lama and his colleagues established a civil governmental body referred to as the Ganden Phodrang.

The Khoshut Khanate was conquered by the troops of the Dzungar Khanate in 1717, who deposed Yeshe Gyatso, a pretender to the position of the Dalai Lama promoted by Lha-bzang Khan, the last ruler of the Khoshut Khanate. The Dzungars were in turn expelled by the expedition forces of the Qing dynasty from Tibet in 1720, and Tibet was unified with Qing China. (See Qing conquest of Tibet.)

Khans of the Khoshut KhanateEdit

See alsoEdit