Khomas is one of the fourteen regions of Namibia. Its name refers to the Khomas Highland, a high plateau landscape that dominates this administrative unit. Khomas is centered on the capital city Windhoek and provides for this reason superior transportation infrastructure. It is located in the central highlands of the country and is bordered by the Erongo region to the west and the northwest and by the Otjozondjupa region to the north. To the east is the Omaheke region, while in the south is the Hardap region. The region is characterized by its hilly countrysize and many valleys. It has well-developed economical, financial, and trade sectors. Khomas Region occupies 4.5% of the land area of Namibia but has the highest population of any of its regions (15%). Khomas is one of only three Namibian regions to have neither shoreline nor a foreign border.
Location of the Khomas Region in Namibia
|• Governor||Laura McLeod-Katjirua|
|• Total||36,964 km2 (14,272 sq mi)|
|• Density||9.2/km2 (24/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+2 (CAT)|
high · 1th
- John Pandeni
- Katutura Central
- Katutura East
- Khomasdal North
- Moses ǁGaroëb
- Samora Machel
- Tobias Hainyeko
- Windhoek West
- Windhoek East
- Windhoek Rural
Khomas is important electorally, as nearly 17% of the total votes in the 2004 election came from this region.
2004 parliamentary electionEdit
SWAPO won Khomas Region by a wide majority, though with a lower percentage of the total vote than nationally.
|South West Africa People's Organization||87,092||63.68|
|Congress of Democrats||18,872||13.78|
|National Unity Democratic Organisation||8,782||6.42|
|Democratic Turnhalle Alliance||7,225||5.28|
|United Democratic Front||5,880||4.29|
|Monitor Action Group||1,982||1.44|
|South West African National Union||1,017||0.78|
|Namibia Movement for Democratic Change||819||0.59|
2015 local and regional electionsEdit
Economy and infrastructureEdit
Khomas has 100 schools with a total of 73,302 pupils.
According to the Namibia 2001 Population and Housing Census, Khomas had a population of 250,262 (123,613 females and 126,648 males or 102 males for every 100 females) growing at an annual rate of 4%. The fertility rate was 4.9 children per woman. 93% lived in urban areas while 7% lived in rural areas, and with an area of 37,007 km2, the population density was 6.8 persons per km2. By age, 11% of the population was under 5 years old, 18% between 5–14 years, 67% between 15–59 years, and 4% 60 years and older. The population was divided into 58,580 households, with an average size of 4.2 persons. 36% of households had a female head of house, while 64% had a male. For those 15 years and older, 61% had never married, 24% married with certificate, 3% married traditionally, 7% married consensually, 2% were divorced or separated, and 2% were widowed. White Namibians and Coloureds form one third of the population of this region.
The most commonly spoken languages at home were Oshiwambo (37% of households), Afrikaans (24%), Nama/Damara (13%), and Otjiherero (9%). Other languages found in Khomas are English, German, and a smattering of other Namibian language groups. For those 15 years and older, the literacy rate was 94%. In terms of education, 87% of girls and 86% of boys between the ages of 6-15 were attending school, and of those 15 years and older, 76% had left school, 12% were currently at school, and 8% had never attended.
Households in Khomas earn by far the highest average annual income at N$47,407, well more than the national average of N$17,198. There is very limited subsistence farming in the region, with only 0.4 percent of the population engaged in farming, 0.3 percent of households are rearing animals, and 0.1 percent are earning income from cash cropping. Windhoek accommodates most of Namibia's light industry and manufacturing. Some of the most important are meat processing, bottling and canning, beer brewing, plastics, and refrigeration. The city is also Namibia's educational, commercial, and tourism capital. In 2001 the employment rate for the labor force (46% of those 15+) was 71% employed and 29% unemployed. For those 15+ years old and not in the labor force (50%), 55% were students, 25% homemakers, and 20% retired, too old, etc. According to the 2012 Namibia Labour Force Survey, unemployment in the Khomas Region stood at 26.5%. The two studies are methodologically not comparable.
Among households, 98% had safe water, 20% no toilet facility, 69% electricity for lighting, 83% access to radio, and 9% had wood or charcoal for cooking. In terms of households' main sources of income, 1% derived it from farming, 74% from wages and salaries, 7% cash remittances, 11% from business or non-farming, and 4% from pension.
For every 1000 live births there were 53 female infant deaths and 54 male. The life expectancy at birth was 56 years for females and 54 for males. Among children younger than 15, 5% had lost a mother, 10% a father, and 1% were orphaned by both parents. 4% of the entire population had a disability, of which 22% were deaf, 44% blind, 11% had a speech disability, 9% hand disability, 15% leg disability, and 4% mental disability.
- "President announces governors". The Namibian. 10 April 2015.
- "Namibia's Population by Region". Election Watch. Institute for Public Policy Research (1): 3. 2013.
- Smit, Nico (12 April 2012). "Namibia's population hits 2,1 million". The Namibian.
- "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 2018-09-13.
- Kapitako, Alvine (12 November 2010). "ELECTIONS 2010: Khomas Region profile / New Era - Skills Shortage Worries Govt". New Era. Archived from the original on 5 December 2012.
- Khomas constituencies at the Electoral Commission of Namibia
- "Regional Council Election Results 2015". Electoral Commission of Namibia. 3 December 2015. pp. 9–10. Archived from the original on 8 December 2015.
- Miyanicwe, Clemans; Kahiurika, Ndanki (27 November 2013). "School counsellors overstretched". The Namibian. p. 1.
- "Khomas Region – Census Indicators, 2001". National Planning Commission. 2001. Archived from the original on 2012-01-11. Retrieved 2008-12-27.
- Tonchi, Victor L., William A. Lindeke, and John J. Grotpeter, "Khomas Region" Historical Dictionary of Namibia. 2nd edition. Toronto: The Scarecrow Press, Inc, p. 211.
- Duddy, Jo Maré (11 April 2013). "Unemployment rate still alarmingly high". The Namibian. Archived from the original on 14 April 2013.