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Kirov, Kirov Oblast

  (Redirected from Khlynov)

Kirov (Russian: Ки́ров, IPA: [ˈkʲirəf]) is a city and the administrative center of Kirov Oblast, Russia, located on the Vyatka River. As of the 2010 Census, its population was 473,695.[9]

Kirov

Ки́ров
View of Kirov
View of Kirov
Flag of Kirov
Flag
Coat of arms of Kirov
Coat of arms
Anthem: none[2]
Location of Kirov
Kirov is located in Russia
Kirov
Kirov
Location of Kirov
Kirov is located in Kirov Oblast
Kirov
Kirov
Kirov (Kirov Oblast)
Coordinates: 58°36′N 49°41′E / 58.600°N 49.683°E / 58.600; 49.683Coordinates: 58°36′N 49°41′E / 58.600°N 49.683°E / 58.600; 49.683
CountryRussia
Federal subjectKirov Oblast[1]
Founded1374[3][4]
Government
 • BodyCity Duma[5]
 • Head[7]Valery Vladykin[6]
Area
 • Total757.0 km2 (292.3 sq mi)
Elevation
150 m (490 ft)
Population
 • Total473,695
 • Estimate 
(2018)[10]
507,155 (+7.1%)
 • Rank38th in 2010
 • Density630/km2 (1,600/sq mi)
 • Subordinated toCity of Kirov[1]
 • Capital ofKirov Oblast[1], City of Kirov[1]
 • Urban okrugKirov Urban Okrug[11]
 • Capital ofKirov Urban Okrug[11]
Time zoneUTC+3 (MSK Edit this on Wikidata[12])
Postal code(s)[13]
610000–610002, 610004–610011, 610013–610021, 610025–610027, 610029–610031, 610033, 610035, 610037, 610040, 610042, 610044–610048, 610050, 610051, 610890, 610899, 610960–610967, 610990, 610995, 610999
Dialing code(s)+7 8332
OKTMO ID33701000001
City Dayobserved in June[14]
Twin townsSiedlceEdit this on Wikidata
Websitewww.mo-kirov.ru
Kirov population
2010 Census473,695[9]
2002 Census480,411[15]
1989 Census440,240[16]
1979 Census389,533[17]

It was previously known as Khlynov (Хлы́нов, until 1780),[3] Vyatka (Вя́тка, until 1934).[4][3]

HistoryEdit

Khlynov was first mentioned in 1374.[4] The native Slavic tribe of Central Russia and Volga regions, the Vyatchis (also called Viatichi) mixed here with the Novgorodian Slovenes and Finno-Ugric people.[18] It was incorporated into the Grand Duchy of Moscow in 1489 and became known throughout Russia for its clay statuettes and whistles. It was also managed by Khanate of Kazan and was known as "Hılın". The town's oldest surviving monument is the Assumption Cathedral (1689), an imposing structure surmounted by five globular domes.

In 1780, Catherine the Great renamed the town Vyatka and made it the seat of Vyatka Governorate.[citation needed] The town also served as a place of exile, notably for Alexander Herzen, Alexander Vitberg, and Mikhail Saltykov-Shchedrin. By the end of the 19th century, it was an important station on the Trans-Siberian railway. In December 1934,[citation needed] it was renamed for the Soviet leader Sergey Kirov, who had been assassinated on December 1. However, whilst the name Kirov has remained since the dissolution of the Soviet Union, numerous institutions such as the university bear the former name of Vyatka.

Vyatka. Early 20th century
The northeastern part of the Vyatka City wharf and the ensemble of the Central square Spasskaya Street Khlebnaya Square

S. Lobovikov

Administrative and municipal statusEdit

Kirov is the administrative center of the oblast.[1] Within the framework of administrative divisions, it is, together with 134 rural localities, incorporated as the City of Kirov—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts.[1] As a municipal division, the City of Kirov is incorporated as Kirov Urban Okrug.[11]

EconomyEdit

Kirov is a major transport hub (railway; Trans-Siberian main) and river port. It is served by Kirov Pobedilovo airport. During the 1990s this airport was closed and for several years provided only irregular service. During the 2003-2006 summer seasons there were signs of a revival in air transportation as several companies attempted to establish flight routes from Kirov to Moscow and Krasnodar. Since 2006 Kirov airport has been used by a local company operating flights to Moscow.

The Kirov River port went bankrupt in the late 1990s and all its river boats were sold to other regions. Kirov is a center of machine building; metallurgy, light, the printing trade, biochemical and the timber industry.

CultureEdit

MuseumsEdit

Vyatka Museum of Art, one of the oldest museums in Russia, was founded in 1910 by local artists.

The idea of creation belongs to natives of Vyatka land, brothers artists Viktor Vasnetsov and Apollinary Vasnetsov. At the core of the collection — works that received the most part in the 1910-1920s from the State Museum Fund, private collections and as gifts — from patrons and artists. Today the museum has more than fifteen thousand exhibits and is located in four buildings in Kirov downtown.[19]

TheatersEdit

CircusEdit

According to a report in Pravda dated January 4, 2005, Kirov is known as the "city of twins" for the unusually high number of multiple births there.[21]

According to a report, the city is home to a high concentration of red-haired individuals.[22]

SportsEdit

 
Kirov Forestry and Industrial College

Rodina[23] plays in the highest division of Russian Bandy League. Their home arena has a capacity of 7500.[24] It was the venue of the national final in 2013.[25] Rodina-2 will participate in the Russian Rink Bandy Cup 2017.[26]

EducationEdit

Kirov is the home of Vyatka State University, Vyatka University for the Humanities, Vyatka Agricultural Academy and Kirov State Medical University.

ClimateEdit

Kirov has a humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification Dfb).

Climate data for Kirov
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 3.8
(38.8)
6.0
(42.8)
13.9
(57.0)
27.3
(81.1)
32.9
(91.2)
36.9
(98.4)
36.6
(97.9)
35.9
(96.6)
30.1
(86.2)
22.6
(72.7)
11.0
(51.8)
7.0
(44.6)
36.9
(98.4)
Average high °C (°F) −8.7
(16.3)
−7.4
(18.7)
0.0
(32.0)
8.8
(47.8)
16.9
(62.4)
22.0
(71.6)
24.2
(75.6)
20.6
(69.1)
14.0
(57.2)
5.9
(42.6)
−2.6
(27.3)
−7.1
(19.2)
7.2
(45.0)
Daily mean °C (°F) −11.9
(10.6)
−10.9
(12.4)
−4.0
(24.8)
4.0
(39.2)
11.2
(52.2)
16.5
(61.7)
18.9
(66.0)
15.6
(60.1)
9.7
(49.5)
3.0
(37.4)
−4.9
(23.2)
−9.9
(14.2)
3.1
(37.6)
Average low °C (°F) −15.0
(5.0)
−14.0
(6.8)
−7.6
(18.3)
−0.1
(31.8)
6.3
(43.3)
11.8
(53.2)
14.1
(57.4)
11.6
(52.9)
6.4
(43.5)
0.6
(33.1)
−7.2
(19.0)
−12.8
(9.0)
−0.5
(31.1)
Record low °C (°F) −41.9
(−43.4)
−40.5
(−40.9)
−33.8
(−28.8)
−21.2
(−6.2)
−10.5
(13.1)
−2.4
(27.7)
2.7
(36.9)
0.0
(32.0)
−8.3
(17.1)
−23.2
(−9.8)
−39.8
(−39.6)
−45.2
(−49.4)
−45.2
(−49.4)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 49
(1.9)
33
(1.3)
38
(1.5)
34
(1.3)
54
(2.1)
78
(3.1)
77
(3.0)
77
(3.0)
61
(2.4)
64
(2.5)
57
(2.2)
55
(2.2)
677
(26.7)
Average rainy days 6 4 6 14 18 19 18 20 22 20 11 7 165
Average snowy days 28 24 20 9 3 0.3 0 0 1 12 24 28 149
Average relative humidity (%) 85 81 74 65 60 67 70 76 80 84 86 85 76
Mean monthly sunshine hours 35 74 141 201 265 284 269 233 130 61 33 21 1,747
Source #1: Pogoda.ru.net[27]
Source #2: NOAA (sun 1961–1990)[28]

GalleryEdit

Twin towns and sister citiesEdit

Notable peopleEdit

ReferencesEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Law #387-ZO
  2. ^ Article 4 of the Charter of Kirov states that the city will have an anthem once one is officially adopted. As of 2016, an anthem is not listed among the symbols of the city shown on the official website of Kirov.
  3. ^ a b c Official website of Kirov. Brief Historical Reference (in Russian)
  4. ^ a b c Энциклопедия Города России. Moscow: Большая Российская Энциклопедия. 2003. pp. 193–195. ISBN 5-7107-7399-9.
  5. ^ Charter of Kirov, Article 22
  6. ^ "Head of the City of Kirov" (in Russian). Official website of the city of Kirov. Retrieved November 29, 2016.
  7. ^ Charter of Kirov, Article 28
  8. ^ Official website of Kirov. Administrative-Territorial Structure (in Russian)
  9. ^ a b c Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  10. ^ "26. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved January 23, 2019.
  11. ^ a b c Law #284-ZO
  12. ^ "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). June 3, 2011. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  13. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (in Russian)
  14. ^ Charter of Kirov, Article 4
  15. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  16. ^ "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 – via Demoscope Weekly.
  17. ^ "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1979 г. Национальный состав населения по регионам России" [All Union Population Census of 1979. Ethnic composition of the population by regions of Russia] (XLS). Всесоюзная перепись населения 1979 года [All-Union Population Census of 1979] (in Russian). 1979 – via Demoscope Weekly (website of the Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics.
  18. ^ Feldbrugge, F. J. M. (Ferdinand Joseph Maria), 1933-. A history of Russian law : from ancient times to the Council Code (Ulozhenie) of Tsar Aleksei Mikhailovich of 1649. Leiden. p. 525. ISBN 9789004346420. OCLC 988859062.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  19. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on July 19, 2006. Retrieved November 20, 2010.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  20. ^ Вятский палеонтологический музей
  21. ^ "Multiple births in Oblast Kirov". Archived from the original on January 12, 2005. Retrieved August 28, 2010.
  22. ^ "Map of Redheads in Europe". Archived from the original on July 5, 2013. Retrieved July 2, 2013.
  23. ^ ""Родина" Киров Официальный сайт хоккейного клуба - Новости". Khcrodina.ru. March 14, 2013. Archived from the original on November 12, 2012. Retrieved March 26, 2013.
  24. ^ "Google Translate". Translate.google.co.uk. Retrieved March 26, 2013.
  25. ^ "Google Translate". Translate.google.co.uk. Retrieved March 26, 2013.
  26. ^ http://www.rusbandy.ru/season/322/
  27. ^ "Weather and Climate-The Climate of Kirov" (in Russian). Погода и климат. Retrieved April 5, 2016.
  28. ^ "Kirov Climate Normals 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved April 5, 2016.

SourcesEdit

  • Кировская городская Дума. Решение №42/19 от 29 июня 2005 г. «Об Уставе муниципального образования "Город Киров"», в ред. Решения №40/5 от 25 сентября 2015 г. «О внесении изменений в Устав муниципального образования "Город Киров", принятый Решением Кировской городской Думы от 29.06.2005 №42/19». Вступил в силу в соответствии со статьёй 56. Опубликован: "Вятский край", №130 (3538), 13 июля 2005 г. (Kirov City Duma. Decision #42/19 of June 29, 2005 On the Charter of the Municipal Formation of the "City of Kirov", as amended by the Decision #40/5 of September 25, 2015 On Amending the Charter of the Municipal Formation of the "City of Kirov" Adopted by the Decision #42/19 of Kirov City Duma of June 29, 2005. Effective as of the date set forth in accordance with the provisions of Article 56.).
  • Законодательное Собрание Кировской области. Закон №387-ЗО от 2 декабря 2005 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Кировской области», в ред. Закона №249-ЗО от 29 декабря 2012 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Кировской области "Об административно-территориальном устройстве Кировской области"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Вятский край", №228–228 (3635–3636), 13 декабря 2005 г. (Legislative Assembly of Kirov Oblast. Law #387-ZO of December 2, 2005 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Kirov Oblast, as amended by the Law #249-ZO of December 29, 2012 On Amending the Law of Kirov Oblast "On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Kirov Oblast". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).
  • Законодательное Собрание Кировской области. Закон №284-ЗО от 7 декабря 2004 г. «Об установлении границ муниципальных образований Кировской области и наделении их статусом муниципального района, городского округа, городского поселения, сельского поселения», в ред. Закона №350-ЗО от 11 ноября 2013 г. «О внесении изменений в отдельные Законы Кировской области». Вступил в силу по истечении 10 дней со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Вятский край", №233–234 (3401–3402), 21 декабря 2004 г. (Legislative Assembly of Kirov Oblast. Law #284-ZO of December 7, 2004 On Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formations of Kirov Oblast and on Granting Them the Municipal District, Urban Okrug, Urban Settlement, Rural Settlement Status, as amended by the Law #350-ZO of November 11, 2013 On Amending Various Laws of Kirov Oblast. Effective as of after 10 days from the day of the official publication.).

Further readingEdit

External linksEdit